A primitive root; to divide (in variation senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.) -- (make, put) difference, divide (asunder), (make) separate (self, -ation), sever (out), X utterly.
[בָּדַל] verb be divided, separate (Arabic change, substitute, Mishna בָּדַל divide, Syriac Ithpe`el, Ethpe`el) —
Hiph`il divide, separate; Perfect הִבְדִּיל Numbers 16:9; Deuteronomy 10:8; suffix וְהִבְדִּילוֺ consecutive 29:20; 3feminine singular וְהִבְדִּילָה Exodus 26:33; וְהִבְדַּלְתָּ Numbers 8:14; הִבְדִּילוּ Ezekiel 22:26, etc. Imperfect יַבְדִּיל Leviticus 1:17 +; וַיַּבְדֵּל Genesis 1:4, 7; 1 Chronicles 25:1; suffix יַבְדִּילַנִי Isaiah 56:3; וָאַבְדִּל Leviticus 20:26; וָאַבְדִּילָה Ezra 8:24, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַבְדֵּל Isaiah 56:3; construct לְהַבְדִּיל Genesis 1:14 +; Participle מַבְדִּיל 1:6; מַבְדִּילִים Isaiah 59:2; —
1 divide, separate, subject God Genesis 1:4 followed by וּבֵין....בֵּין between light and darkness, compare 1:7; subject heavenly bodies 1:14; 1:18; subject firmament followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ 1:6 (all in P's source); Exodus 26:33 of the מָּרֹכֶת in tabernacle, followed by לָכֶם בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין֗֗֗; of iniquities, separating men from God לְבֵין ֗֗֗ בֵּין Isaiah 59:2.
2 separate, set apart, followed by מִן, of ׳י, setting off Israel from other peoples Leviticus 20:24 (H) Numbers 16:9 (P); Leviticus 20:26 followed by also לִי לִהְיוֺת; compare 1 Kings 8:53 ׳הִבְדּ לְנַחֲלָה לְךָ separate them to thyself as an inheritance; of Moses, setting apart Levites, followed by מִתּוֺח Numbers 8:14; of separating an individual from the people, i.e. excluding him Deuteronomy 29:20, followed by also לְרָעָה; followed by מֵעַל Isaiah 56:3 (twice in verse), i.e. excluding him; compare also Nehemiah 13:3 followed by מִן; of setting apart (forbidding) beasts as unclean לְטַמֵּא לָכֶם Leviticus 20:25; of setting apart the tribe of Levi וגו ׳לָשֵׂאת Deuteronomy 10:8 (subject ׳י); compare also (hum. subject) 1 Chronicles 25:1, followed by לַעֲבֹדָה, 2 Chronicles 25:10 followed by Infinitive; similarly Ezra 8:24; even followed by participle Ezekiel 39:14 they shall set apart men עֹבְרִים, i.e. to pass through, or, men that shall pass through (RV); so of setting apart cities, accusative Deuteronomy 4:41; compare 19:2, 7.
Niph`al Perfect נִבְדְּלוּ 1 Chronicles 12:8; Ezra 9:1; Imperfect יִבָּדֵל 10:8; וַיִּבָּדֵל 1 Chronicles 23:13; וַיִּבָּֽדְלוּ Ezra 10:16; Nehemiah 9:2; Imperative הִבָּֽדְלוּ Numbers 16:21; Ezra 10:11; Participle נִבְדָּל 6:21; Nehemiah 10:29. 1 (reflexive of Hiph`il 2)
a. separate oneself from people of the land, heathen, and their practices, also from non-Jewish wives, followed by מִן Ezra 6:21; 9:1; 10:11; Nehemiah 9:2; absolute in same sense Ezra 10:16 (compare StaG. ii. 199 & 179 n. WlPharisäer u. Sadd. 76).
b. withdraw from (Moses & Aaron from Israel) Numbers 16:21 (P), followed by מִתּוֺח.
c. separate oneself unto (אֶל) David 1 Chronicles 12:8.
d. Nehemiah 10:29 combines a. & c. separate oneself הָאֱלֹהִים אֶלתּֿוֺרַת הָֽאֲרָצוֺת מֵעַמֵּי.
2 passive, be separated.
a. be excluded from the people, followed by מִן Ezra 10:8.
b. be set apart, of Aaron, followed by לְהַקְדִּישׁוֺ 1 Chronicles 23:13. — On הבדיל, & distinction from הפריד see DrJPhoenician xi. 219.