Word Summary
shaphel: to be or become low, to be abased
Original Word: שָׁפֵל
Transliteration: shaphel
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-fale')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be or become low, to be abased
Meaning: to be or become low, to be abased
Strong's Concordance
abase, bring cast, put down, debase, humble self, be bring, lay, make,

A primitive root; to depress or sink (expec. Figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive) -- abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).


H8213. shaphel

שָׁפֵלverb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל‎ noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic , , be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל‎, (derived species)); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁIsaiah 2:11; 2feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ29:4, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּשְׁמַּל2:9; 5:15; 3feminine plural תִּשְׁמַּלְנָה5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַלEcclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —

1 all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 ("" גְּדֻעִים‎), mountains 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא‎), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא2:12 (but read, for נִשְׂגָּב ׳שׁ,‎ [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ‎ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man 2:9; 5:15, his loftiness 2:17, haughty eyes 2:11 (all "" שָׁחַח‎), 5:15; of city 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי ׳וְשׁ מֵאֶרֶץ29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; "" אִמְרָתֵךְ תִּשַׁח מֵעָפָר‎).

2 שְׁפַלרֿוּחַProverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל‎.

3 of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׁמִּילIsaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יַשְׁמִּילPsalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁמִּילָהּ יַשְׁמִּילֶנָּהIsaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) (הוּׅ הַשְׁמִּילֵJob 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁמִּילְךָProverbs 25:7 (Ezekiel 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁמֵּיל‎, "" הַגְבֵּהַּ‎, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁמִּיל1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁמִּילִי‎ (Ges§ 90l) 113:6; —

1 usually figurative, ׳י‎ subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי‎); city Isaiah 26:5 ("" הֵשַׁח‎); fortress 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח‎; Du thinks doublet of 26:5); humiliate pride 26:11; 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object רָמוֺת עֵינַיִםPsalm 18:28, so read also "" 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם׳מַשׁ׳י1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִיםPsalm 147:6; יַשׁ ׳זֶה יָרִים וְזֶה75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.

2 hum. subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject hum. pride 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל‎.

3 as helping verb: + verb coordinate, ׳הַשׁ שֵׁ֑בוּJeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120g); + infinitive ׳מַשׁ לִרְאוֺתPsalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. ׳י‎; "" לָשָׁ֑בֶת הַמַּגְבִּיתִי113:5; Ges§ 114m). — גֵּוָה֑ וַתּאֹמֶר הִשְׁמִּילוּJob 22:29 is dubious; "" יוֺשִׁעַ‎ favours אֱלוֺהַּ‎ as subject, which Bu conjecture For ׳וַתּאֹ‎, read then ׳א הִשְׁמִּיל,hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (׳הִשׁ‎ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

[שְׁפֵל‎] verb be low (see Biblical Hebrew); —

Haph`el bring low, humble: Perfect2masculine singular לִבְבָח הַשְׁמֵּלְתְּDaniel 5:22 thou hast not humbled thine heart; Imperfect3masculine singular יְהַשְׁמִּ֑ל7:24, Infinitive לְהַשְׁמָּלָה4:34, Participle מַשְׁמִּ֑ל5:19, all with accusative of person bring low, put down.