Word Summary
shanan: to whet, sharpen
Original Word: שָׁנַן
Transliteration: shanan
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-nan')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to whet, sharpen
Meaning: to point, to pierce, to inculcate
Strong's Concordance
prick, sharpen, teach diligently, whet

A primitive root; to point (transitive or intransitive); intensively, to pierce; figuratively, to inculcate -- prick, sharp(-en), teach diligently, whet.


H8150. shanan

[שָׁנַן‎] verb whet, sharpen (compare Arabic id.; Aramaic שְׁנִינָא‎, sharp, etc.; Ethiopic [] III, 2, contend, litigate; hence שֵׁןtooth, Late Hebrew id., Assyrian šinnu, Arabic , Ethiopic Aramaic שִׁנָּא‎, ); —

Qal whet, sharpen: Perfect1singular חַרְבִּי בְּרַק שַׁנּוֺתִ֫י אִם‎ (Ges§ 67ee) Deuteronomy 32:41, of ׳י‎s preparation for judgment; 3 plural (כַחֶרֶב‎) לְשׁוֺנָם שָֽׁנְנוּPsalm 64:4; 140:4 of uttering sharp words; Passive participle שְׁנוּנִיםsharpened, of arrows, Isaiah 5:28; Psalm 45:6, figurative of tongue 120:4, of false witness Proverbs 25:18.

Pi`el Perfect consecutive לְבָנֶיךָ וְשִׁנַּנְתָּםDeuteronomy 6:7 i.e. teach the words incisively, German 'einschärfen.'

Hithpo`el Imperfect1singular Psalm 73:21 in my kidneys אֶשְׁתּוֺנָ֑ןI was pierced (of poignant envy).