Word Summary
shakam: to start or rise early
Original Word: שָׁכַם
Transliteration: shakam
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-kam')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to start or rise early
Meaning: to load up, to start early in the morning
Strong's Concordance
arise, be up, get oneself up, rise up early betimes, morning

A primitive root; properly, to incline (the shoulder to a burden); but used only as denominative from shkem; literally, to load up (on the back of man or beast), i.e. To start early in the morning -- (arise, be up, get (oneself) up, rise up) early (betimes), morning.

see HEBREW shkem


H7925. shakam

[שָׁכַם‎] verb Hiph`il denominative start, rise, early (properly load backs of beasts for day's journey); — Perfect3masculine singular consecutive וְהִשְׁכִּים2 Samuel 15:2; Job 1:5, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיַּשְׁכֵּםGenesis 19:27 +, 2 masculine singular תְּשְׁכִּיםJudges 9:33, etc.; Imperative הַשְׁכֵּםExodus 8:16 +; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁכֵּםJeremiah 7:25 +, כֵּים‎- 44:4; Proverbs 27:14, erroneous אַשְׁכֵּיםJeremiah 25:3 (Ges§ 53 K); Participle מַשְׁכִּיםHosea 6:4 +, etc., — rise early, make an early start, of journey (Hexateuch only J E); לְדַרְכְּכֶםJudges 19:9 (+ מָחָר‎), compare Cant 7:13; + verb of going Genesis 19:2 (J), standing 2 Samuel 15:2 (compare Dr), encamping Judges 7:1, etc.; + infinitive 1 Samuel 15:12 (compare Dr), 29:11; 2 Kings 6:15 (לָקוּם‎), קוּם מַשְׁכִּימֵיPsalm 127:3 (opposed to שֶׁבֶת מְאַחֲרֵי‎); usually with בַּבֹּקֶרGenesis 19:27 (J; אֶלהַֿמָּקוֺם‎), 1 Samuel 29:10 (twice in verse) + 27 t., + (hyperbole) יִרְדֹּ֑פוּ בַבּ ׳מַשְׁכִּימֵי שֵׁכָרIsaiah 5:11 ("" בֵנֶּשֶׁף מְאַחֲרֵי‎); with מִמָּחֳרָתExodus 32:6 (E), Judges 6:28 3t.; with הַשַּׁחַר בַּעֲלוֺתJoshua 6:15 (J), 1 Samuel 19:26; וַיֵּצְאוּ וַיַּשְׁכִּימוּ וַיְמַהֲרוּ8:14 (J) they made a quick and early start; and went out; Infinitive absolute (Ges§ 113s) as adverb ׳הַשׁ וְהַעֲרֵב1 Samuel 17:16 at early morning and at evening; especially of ׳י‎, in Jeremiah: וְדַבֵּר ׳הַשׁ‎ = speaking early and often Jeremiah 7:13; 35:14 and (of Jeremiah) 25:3, compare 11:7; 32:33; often ׳הַשׁ וְשָׁלוֺחַ‎ = sending early and often 7:25; 24:4; 26:5; 29:19; 35:14; 44:4, also 2 Chronicles 36:15; so verb finite הִשְׁחִיתוּ הִשְׁכִּימוּ‎, Zephaniah 3:7 = with eagerness they corrupted (Ges§ 120g); participle מַשְׁ ׳כַּטַּל הֹלֵךְHosea 6:4 like the dew departing early, 13:3 (Gesib.). — 1 Samuel 9:26 read וַיִּשְׁכַּב‎, see שׁכב