Word Summary
shataph: to overflow, rinse or wash off
Original Word: שָׁטַף
Transliteration: shataph
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-taf')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to overflow, rinse or wash off
Meaning: to gush, to inundate, cleanse, to gallop, conquer
Strong's Concordance
drown, overflow whelm, rinse, run, rush, thoroughly wash away

A primitive root; to gush; by implication, to inundate, cleanse; by analogy, to gallop, conquer -- drown, (over-)flow(- whelm, rinse, run, rush, (throughly) wash (away).


H7857. shataph

שָׁטַףverb overflow, rinse or wash off (Late Hebrew id., so Jewish-Aramaic שְׁטַף‎; Assyrian š atâpu, overflow, Arabic id., Cuche); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁIsaiah 8:8 +, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּשְׁטֹף1 Kings 22:38, etc.; Participle שׁוֺטֵףIsaiah 10:22 +, plural שֹׁטְפִים28:2; —

1 overflow, of river Isaiah 8:8; Jeremiah 47:2a (see נַחַל‎), Daniel 11:10, 40, all figurative of invading army, compare Isaiah 28:15 (qy. by StaThLz, Apr. 1894, 235, Du Marti read שֹׁטֵט שׁוֺט‎), 28:18 (see שׁוֺט‎), also (simile of ׳י‎ in judgment) 28:2 (מַיִם‎), 30:28, of judicial destruction, צְדָקָה שׁוֺטֵף10:22; with accusative of land Jeremiah 47:2b, person (figurative) Isaiah 43:2 (נְהָרוֺת‎), Psalm 69:3 (שִׁבֹּלֶת‎), 69:16 (׳שׁ מִיִם‎), 124:4 (מַיִם‎), compare Isaiah 28:17; Song of Solomon 8:7; שׁוֺטֵף גֶּשֶׁםflooding rain (of ׳י‎s judgement) Ezekiel 11:11, 13; 38:22; שׁוֺטֵף נַחַלIsaiah 66:12, simile, in good sense. — Abs. Daniel 11:26 see

Niph`al — Figurative of dashing, rushing horse, שׁוֺ ׳כְּסוּס בַּמִּלְחָמָהJeremiah 8:6.

2 flow, run, literal of נַחַלPsalm 78:20; 2 Chronicles 32:4.

3 literally, rinse or wash off, with accusative of thing washed 1 Kings 22:38, בַּמָּ֑יִם יָדָיוLeviticus 15:11 (P); of stain Ezekiel 16:9 (מֵעָלַיִךְ‎; "" רָחַץ‎); עֲפַראָֿ֑רֶץJob 14:19.

Niph`al Imperfect3masculine singular בַּמַּיִם יִשָּׁטֵףLeviticus 15:12 be rinsed out, off (P; of wooden vessel); 3masculine plural מִלְּפָנָיו יִשָּֽׁטְפוּDaniel 11:22 be swept away (defeated), read probably יִשָּׁטֵף‎ (for יִשְׁטֹף‎), also 11:26 (compare Dr).

Pu`al Perfect3masculine singular בַּמָּ֑יִם וְּשֻׁטַּף וּמֹרַקLeviticus 6:21 (P) it shall be scoured and rinsed.