Word Summary
shachach: to bow, be bowed down, crouch
Original Word: שָׁחַח
Transliteration: shachach
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-khakh')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to bow, be bowed down, crouch
Meaning: to bow, be bowed down, crouch
Strong's Concordance
bend, bow down, bring cast down, humble self, be bring low, stoop

A primitive root; to sink or depress (reflexive or causative) -- bend, bow (down), bring (cast) down, couch, humble self, be (bring) low, stoop.


H7817. shachach

[שָׁחַח‎] verb bow, be bowed down,

crouch (Late Hebrew id.; Tel Amarna ša—âhu (WklTelAm. Vocab.), prostrate oneself, probably Canaanism; Assyrian ša—â—u is oppress, torment); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular consecutive וְשַׁחIsaiah 2:11, 17, 1singular שַׁחִ֫וֺתִיPsalm 38:7, שַׁחֹ֫תִי35:14, 3plural שׁחֲחוּJob 9:13, שַׁחוּHabakkuk 3:6; Proverbs 14:19; Imperfect3masculine singular יָשֹׁחַPsalm 10:10, 3masculine plural יָשֹׁ֫חוּJob 38:40, וַיָּשֹׁ֫חוּPsalm 107:39; Infinitive construct (= absolute, as adverb, Ges§ 118qii. 2, §§ 221, 402 d compare also BaNB 164) שְׁחוֺחַIsaiah 60:14; —

1 be bowed down, prostrated, humbled, by ׳י‎, Isaiah 2:11, 17 (both "" שָׁפֵל‎), Habakkuk 3:6 (of hills), Job 9:13 (שׁ ׳תַּחְתָּו‎), Psalm 107:39 (+ מָעַט‎); by man 10:10.

2 bow in homage, לִפְנֵי‎ person Proverbs 14:19; שְׁחוֺחַ אֵלַיִח וְהָֽלְבוּIsaiah 60:14 ("" הִשְׁתַּחֲווּ‎).

3 bow, of mourner (קֹדֵר‎), Psalm 35:14; 38:7.

4 crouch, of wild beast in lair Job 38:40.

Niph`al Imperfect be prostrated, humbled: אָדָם וַיִּשַּׁחIsaiah 2:9 ("" שָׁפֵל‎) = 5:15 ("" id.); be reduced, weakened, הַשִּׁיר כָּלבְּֿנוֺת יִשַּׁ֫חוּEcclesiastes 12:4; = proceed humbly, of words מֵעָפָרIsaiah 29:4 ("" שָׁפֵל‎).

Hiph`il prostrate, lay low, city, walls, etc.; Perfect3masculine singular הֵךְַIsaiah 25:12; 26:5 (both "" הִשְׁמִּיל‎).

Hithpo`el be cast down, despairing: Imperfect3feminine singular תִּשְׁתּוֺחָ֑חPsalm 42:7, 2feminine singular תִּשְׁתּוֺחֲחִי42:6; Psalm 42:12; 43:5 (all with subject נַפְשִׁי‎).