A primitive root; properly, to level, i.e. Equalize; figuratively, to resemble; by implication, to adjust (i.e. Counterbalance, be suitable, compose, place, yield, etc.) -- avail, behave, bring forth, compare, countervail, (be, make) equal, lay, be (make, a-)like, make plain, profit, reckon.
I. שָׁוָה verb (be even, smooth, see
Pi`el, hence) agree with, be like, resemble (Arabic II. make even, flat, uniform (with something else); Aramaic שְׁוָא (derived species) be like, be equal, fit, like, Pa`el lay out smoothly, Aph`el make plain, fit, worthy); —
Qal Perfect3masculine singular שׁ ׳לֹא לִי Job 33:27 (si vera lectio) it was not equalled to me, i.e. (see infra; according to most) not requited (so De Di Da, and Isaiah 16:6 ᵑ7); Bu שִׁוָּה לֹא אֵל God did not requite (or שִׁלֵּם for שׁוה); Du כַעֲוֺנִי שִׁוָּה לֹא (compare ᵐ5); Imperfect1singular of אֶשְׁוֶה ֗֗֗ אֶלמִֿי ׳י, 40:25 to whom shall I be like ? ("" תְּדַמְּיוּנִי), implying that he is incompare; 3 masculine plural יִשְׁווּבָֿהּ לֹא Proverbs 3:15 are not comparable with her (wisdom), so 8:11; 2masculine singular מֶּןתִּֿשְׁוֶהלֿוֺ 26:4 lest thou be like him (a fool); Participle בְּ שֹׁוֶה Esther 7:4 is not an equivalent for; with לִ, suitable for 3:8, so 1:22 Hi Or RyKau (reading עִמּוֺ שֹׁוֶה כֹּל for עַמּוֺ כִּלְשׁוֺן, but see Siegf.); adequate for 5:13.
Pi`el Perfect3masculine singular שִׁוָּה Isaiah 28:25 he hath levelled its (the ground's) surface; 1 singular נַפְשִׁי וְדוֺמַמְתִּי שִׁוִּיתִי Psalm 131:2 I have smoothed (composed) and stilled my soul; so, that is נַפְשִׁי Isaiah 38:13 ᵑ9 Ges De and others; Houb Lo Che Du and others read שִׁוַּעְתִּי I cried; accusative מִשְׁמָּטִים Psalm 119:30 accounted suitable, meet ("" בָּחָ֑רְתִּי אֱמוּנָח דֶּרֶךְ), Hi, compare Gr 119:128 (see
Qal Isaiah 40:25).
Nithp. (apparently) Perfect3feminine singular נִשְׁתָּ֑וָה (for נִשְׁתְּוָה) Proverbs 27:15 are alike, but read probably Niph`al 3 feminine singular נִשְׁוָ֑תָה Ges§ 75x Toy and others — תשׁוה Job 30:22 Kt see II. שׁוא.
II. [שָׁוָה] verb Pi`el set, place (Biblical Aramaic Hithpa. שְׁוָא ᵑ7 Pa`el set, make (often ᵑ7 = שׁית שׁום,); Thes and others below I. ׳שׁ, originally set, place, then set together, compare, < weakened from original make even, right, compare Vulgar Arabic II. make (Wahrm, compare also BaES 66)); — Perfect1singular שִׁוִּיתִי Psalm 16:8 I have set ׳י before me (לְנֶגְּדִּי); ׳שׁ עַל עֵזֶר 89:20 I have placed strength upon a hero, compare 21:6; Participle כְּ רַנְלַי מְשַׁוֶּח 2 Samuel 22:34 setting my feet like hinds = Psalm 18:34 (compare כְּ שַׁוִּי ᵑ7 Genesis 48:20; Jeremiah 29:22, for כְּ שׂים); — Isaiah 38:13 see I. שׁוה; — Imperfect = make, produce, 3 masculine singular לוֺ יְשַׁוֶּה מְּרִי Hosea 10:1 (Israel as vine), si vera lectio, see We Now ("" מְּרִי עשׂת 9:16, compare 8:7).
I. [שְׁוָה] verb become like (Biblical Hebrew I. שָׁוָה); —
Pa`el Perfect3masculine plural שַׁוִּי Qr (see וְ following; >
Pe`îl שְׁוִי Kt, see K§ 47 Beisp. 3, and p. 175) Daniel 5:21, accusative of thing, with עִם.