Word Summary
saba or sabea: to be sated, satisfied or surfeited
Original Word: שָׂבַע
Transliteration: saba or sabea
Phonetic Spelling: (saw-bah')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be sated, satisfied or surfeited
Meaning: to be sated, satisfied or surfeited
Strong's Concordance
have enough, fill full, self, with, be to the full of, have plenty of, be satiated

Or sabeay {saw-bay'-ah}; a primitive root; to sate, i.e. Fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively) -- have enough, fill (full, self, with), be (to the) full (of), have plenty of, be satiate, satisfy (with), suffice, be weary of.


H7646. saba

or sabea [שָׂבֵעַ‎,] שָׂבַע96

verb be sated, satisfied, surfeited (Late Hebrew (derived species) = Biblical Hebrew; so Assyrian šebû, Arabic , Aramaic סְבַע‎, , Palmyrene שבע‎; the Ethiopic verb of same, meaning is :); —

Qal79 Perfect3masculine singular שָׂבַע1 Chronicles 23:1, ׳וְשׂ‎ consecutive Deuteronomy 31:20; 3plural שָׂבֵ֑עוּIsaiah 9:19, ׳ושׂ‎ consecutive Deuteronomy 14:29; 26:12, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׂבַּעProverbs 12:11 +, 3 masculine plural יִשְׂבְּעוּןPsalm 104:28, etc.; Imperative שְׂבַעֿProverbs 20:13; Infinitive absolute שָׂבוֺעJoel 2:26; 2 Chronicles 31:10; construct לִשְׂבֹּעExodus 16:8; Lamentations 5:6, לְשָׂבְעָהHaggai 1:6; —

1 be sated (with food), especially human subject:

a. absolute after אָכַל‎, Hosea 4:10; Isaiah 9:19; Deuteronomy 8:10; Exodus 16:8 (P), + II t., compare Isaiah 44:16 ("" אָבַל‎); exposing men to arrogance Deuteronomy 6:11; 8:12; 31:20, compare Hosea 13:6 (twice in verse) (Israel under figure of cattle), Jeremiah 50:19 (id.; with ב‎ location; "" רָעָהgraze); = have (or get) enough to eat Psalm 37:19; 59:16, enough to drink Amos 4:8, figurative of sword Jeremiah 46:10, of wine Habakkuk 2:5.

b. with accusative of food Jeremiah 44:17; Lamentations 5:16; Exodus 16:12 (P), + 6 t., compare Ezekiel 39:29 (of beasts, in figure), of earth, sated with water (rain) Proverbs 30:16, so of trees (accusative om) Psalm 104:16, figurative of requital Proverbs 18:20 b.

c. with מִן‎ of food Job 19:22 (figurative); figurative of earth having its fill (of rain) Psalm 104:13, and (figurative of requital) Proverbs 18:20a; good sense 12:14 (strike out טוֺב‎, so Toy), bad sense 1:31; 14:14; with מִן‎ of source Isaiah 66:11 (figurative).

2 more Generally, be sated, have desire satisfied:

a. absolute Ezekiel 16:28-29, (i.e. with harlotry), Jeremiah 50:10 (with plunder), Isaiah 53:11 (with given result); of eyes Proverbs 27:20, of Sh®°ôl and Abaddon 27:20, compare 30:15; = have abundance 30:9 (exposure to arrogance).

b. with accusative, be satisfied with, have one's fill of: Jeremiah 31:14, compare Psalm 17:15; 63:6; Proverbs 5:10; Ecclesiastes 5:9, compare (eye subject) 4:8 Acc. of sons Psalm 17:14 (si versa l., but text dubious, see Ol Du, compare Bae We), days of life, i.e. reach the full limit (+ זָקֵן‎) 1 Chronicles 23:1; 2 Chronicles 24:15.

c. with ב‎ of goodness Psalm 65:5, with מִן‎ id. Ecclesiastes 6:3.

d. with ל‎ infinitive, לִרְאוֺת עַיִן לאֹתִֿשְׂבַּעEcclesiastes 1:8 ("" מָלֵא‎)

3 have in excess, be surfeited with:

a. lit, with honey (accusative) Proverbs 25:16.

b figurative = be weary of, with accusative of offerings Isaiah 1:11 (subject ׳י‎), tossings Job 7:4, poverty Proverbs 28:19, shame Habakkuk 2:16, contempt Psalm 123:3; 123:4 with accusative of person Proverbs 28:17.

c. id., with ב‎ of troubles Psalm 88:4, of reproach Lamentations 3:30.

Niph`al Participle נִשְׂבָּעsated Job 31:31.

Pi`el satisfy, Imperfect3masculine plural יְשַׂבִּ֑עוּEzekiel 7:19 they shall not satisfy their appitite (נֶפֶשׁ‎; "" מִלֵּא‎); Imperative masculine singular suffix, subject חַסְדֶּ֑ךָ שַׂבְּעֵנִי ׳י,Psalm 90:14 (2 accusative). **Now (after ᵑ6‎ and ᵐ5‎ Manuscripts) reads שִבַּעְתָּHabakkuk 3:9, for שְׁבֻעוֺת‎, compare GASm; Gr Marti שְׂבֵעַת‎ (adjective feminine construct) thy bow is sated with shafts. We thinks hopeless.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׂבִּיעPsalm 107:9, ׳וְה‎ consecutive Isaiah 58:11; 2feminine singular הִשְׂבַּ֫עַתְּEzekiel 27:33, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular suffix יַשְׂבִּעַנִיJob 9:18 2masculine singular תַּשְׂבִּיעַIsaiah 58:10, 1singular וָאַשְׂבִּעַJeremiah 5:7, suffix אַשְׂבִּיעֶ֑ךָּ‎ Psalm 81:17 van d. H., אַשְׂבִּיעֶ֑ךָֿ‎ Baer Gi, etc.; Infinitive construct לְהַשְׂבִּיעַJob 38:27; Participle מַשְׂבִּיעַPsalm 103:5; 145:16; —

1.a. satisfy (especially with material blessings), subject ׳י‎, with acc. person Jeremiah 5:7 (exposing men to arrogance), Isaiah 58:11 (accusativeנֶפֶשׁ‎; of refreshment in drought, ב‎ location, figurative of help and blessing), Psalm 107:9 (accusative נֶפֶשׁ‎; "" מִלֵּא‎), compare 103:5 (ב‎ instrumental, on accusative see עֲדִי‎); with accusative of ground Job 38:27 (i.e. with rain); human subject, with accusative נֶפֶשׁIsaiah 58:10

b. with accusative of food + person, ׳י‎ subject, Psalm 81:17 ("" הֶאֱכִיל‎), Psalm 105:40; 132:15; 147:14; with accusative of person + יָמִים אֹרֶךְ91:16.

c. ׳י‎ subject, accusative of thing + ל‎ person, ׳מַשׂ רָצוֺן לְבָלחַֿיPsalm 145:16.

d. ׳י‎ subject, c accusative of beast + מִמְּךָ‎ (of Pharaoh, in prophetic figurative) Ezekiel 32:4.

2 enrich subject Tyre, with accusative of a people Ezekiel 27:33 ("" הֶעֱשִׁיר‎).

3 sate, glut (with the undesired), subject ׳י‎, with accusative of person + ב‎ of thing Lamentations 3:15, accusative of person + Job 9:18.