A primitive root; to project (one self), i.e. Precede; hence, to anticipate, hasten, meet (usually for help) -- come (go, (flee)) before, + disappoint, meet, prevent.
[קָדַם] verb Pi`el denominative (Gerber130) come or be in front, meet; — קִדַּמְתִּי Jonah 4:2; Psalm 119:147; 3plural קִדְּמוּ Deuteronomy 23:5 +, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular suffix יְקַדְּמֵנִי Psalm 59:11; 3feminine singular suffix תְּקַדְּמֶךָּ 88:14; 1singular אֲקַדֵּם Micah 6:6; Imperative masculine singular קַדְּמָה Mic 17:3; —
1. a. meet, confront (with hostility) with accusative of person 2 Samuel 22:6 (twice in verse).= Psalm 18:6; 18:9; Job 30:27, with accusative מָּנָיו Psalm 17:13 of hostile approach to city (active) 2 Kings 19:32 = Isaiah 37:33 (+ adverb accusative).
b. come to meet one (accusative) as friend, with (ב) something Isaiah 21:14; Deuteronomy 23:5; Nehemiah 13:2, so, as worshippers (accusative of ׳י), Micah 6:6 (twice in verse); with accusative of person + of thing Psalm 21:4, so 59:11 Kt ᵑ9 ᵐ5 (accusative of person alone Qr), accusative of person alone 79:8; accusative ׳י 88:14, accusative מָּנָיו (of ׳י) 95:2, compare פָנֶיךָ יְקַדְּמוּ וֶאֱמֶת חֶסֶד 89:15 (namely, to join themselves to thee).
c. meet, receive, accusative of person, Job 3:12.
2. a. go before, in front Psalm 68:26.
b. be in front, 1 Samuel 20:25 (read וַיְקַדֵּם for וַיָּקָם) ᵐ5 Ew Th We Dr and others
Hiph`il 1. Imperfect3feminine singular תַּקְדִּים (We Now GASm תְּקַדֵּם) Amos 9:10 calamity . . . shall not come in front about us (בַּעֲדֵינוּ).
2 Perfect3masculine singular suffix הִקְדִּימַנִי Job 41:3 who has anticipated me [God]? ᵐ5 Me Bi Bu confronted me (reading וַיִּשְׁלָ֑ם for following וַאֲשַׁלֵּם); Du יְקַדְּמֶנּוּ confronted him (the crocodile).