Word Summary
arab: to take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange
Original Word: עָרַב
Transliteration: arab
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-rab')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange
Meaning: to braid, intermix, technically, to traffic, give to be security
Strong's Concordance
engage, intermeddle with, mingle self, mortgage, occupy, give pledges,

A primitive root; to braid, i.e. Intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange) -- engage, (inter-)meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.


H6148. arab

II. עָרַבverb take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange (Late Hebrew go surety for (rare); Phoenician ערבsurety; Old Aramaic ערבאpledge; עֲרַב ᵑ7‎, Syriac , go surety for; usually identified with I. ערב‎ — mix, exchange, pledge — but quite uncertain; compare BuhlLex LagBN 203); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳עGenesis 44:32 4t.; 2 masculine singular עָרַבְתָּProverbs 6:1; Imperfect1singular suffix אֶעֶרְבֶנּוּGenesis 43:9; Imperative עֲרֹבPsalm 119:122, suffix עָרְבֵנִיIsaiah 38:14, so Job 17:3 (but see below); Infinitive construct לַעֲרֹבEzekiel 27:9; Participle עֹרֵבProverbs 17:18, etc.; —

1 with accusative of person taken on pledge, i.e. go surety for the safety of, Genesis 43:9 (J), 44:32 (J; + מֵעִם‎ person); for the debts of Proverbs 11:15; 20:16; 27:13; of God Isaiah 38:14 go surety for me, Psalm 119:122, so Job 17:3 (si vera lectio, see עֵרָבוֺן‎); accusative of person omitted, ׳ע לְProverbs 6:1 go surety to one (in behalf of another, "" כַּמֶּ֑יךָ לַזָּר תָּקַע‎); with accusative of thing 22:26 ("" תֹּקְעֵיכָֿ֑ף‎).

2 give in pledge, with accusative of thing Nehemiah 5:3 (i.e. mortagage), figurative ׳ע אֶתלִֿבּוֺJeremiah 30:21 so ׳ע רֵעֵהוּ לִפְנֵי עֲרֻבָּהProverbs 17:18 ("" כָּ֑ף תֹּקֵעַ‎).

3 exchange (in trade), with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מָעֲרָבֵךְEzekiel 27:9, 27.

Hithpa`el 1. reciprocal: Imperative אֶתאֲֿדֹנִי נָא הִתְעָ֫רֶב2 Kings 18:23 exchange pledges (make a bargain) with my lord = Isaiah 36:8.

2. a. have fellowship with, בְּ‎ person, Perfect3plural הִתְעָֽרְבוּEzra 9:2; Imperfect3masculine plural וַיִּתְעָֽרְבוּPsalm 106:35; 2masculine singular תִּתְעָרָ֑ב‎ with לְ‎ person Proverbs 20:19, with עִם‎ person 24:21.

b. share in, בְּ‎ of thing, 3 masculine singular יִתְעָרַבProverbs 14:10 in his joy no other shares..