A primitive root; properly, to eye or (generally) to heed, i.e. Pay attention; by implication, to respond; by extens. To begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce -- give account, afflict (by mistake for anah), (cause to, give) answer, bring low (by mistake for anah), cry, hear, Leannoth, lift up, say, X scholar, (give a) shout, sing (together by course), speak, testify, utter, (bear) witness. See also Beyth 'Anowth, Beyth 'Anath.
see HEBREW anah
see HEBREW anah
see HEBREW Beyth 'Anowth
see HEBREW Beyth 'Anath
[עוּן] verb dwell (probably; √ of following; Arabic , is support, help, see especially FlKl. Schr. i. 87 ff.); —
Qal Perfect3feminine singular consecutive וְעָנָה֫ (read וְעָ֫נָה ?) Isaiah 13:22 and jackals shall dwell, etc. (on agreement see Ges§ 145k; "" שׁכן 13:21), so ᵐ5 Buhl; CheHeb.Hpt.124 וְשָֽׁכְנוּ; > ᵑ9 ᵑ7 ᵑ6 and others √ IV. ענה. — Psalm 87:7 see מַעְיָן.
I. עָנָה verb answer, respond (Late Hebrew id., respond, make response; עֲנָא ᵑ7; Syriac , Old Aramaic, Palmyrene ענה; compare Arabic , , intend by saying); —
Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳ע Micah 6:5 +; suffix עָנַנִי 1 Samuel 28:15 +, עָנָךְ Isaiah 30:19; Jeremiah 23:37, עָנָהוּ 1 Samuel 9:17 +; 1 singular עָנִיתִי Hosea 14:9, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יַעֲנֶה Genesis 41:16 +, וַיַּעַן Amos 7:14 +, suffix יַעֲנֵנִי Job 20:3 +, etc.; Imperative עֲנֵה Micah 6:3; Proverbs 26:5 etc.; Infinitive construct עֲנוֺת Genesis 45:3 + [2 Samuel 22:36 see עֲנָוָה]; Participle עֹנֶה Judges 19:28 +, etc.; —
a. of men, with accusative of person Genesis 45:3 (E), Judges 5:29; 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Job 5:1 + very often (c. 110 t.); specifically be responsive, i.e. answer kindly, grant request 1 Kings 12:7 (suffix person); = be amenable, docile (toward ׳י) Hosea 2:17 (of Israel in figure); seldom and late, with accusative of thing replied to, Job 32:12; 33:13 (De Di Bu), 40:2.
b. of God answering (graciously): usually with accusative of person; by oracle 1 Samuel 14:37; 28:6, 15 +, figurative Habakkuk 2:11; by deed 1 Samuel 7:9; 1 Kings 18:37 (twice in verse), compare בָּאֵשׁ 18:24; 1 Chronicles 21:26, and especially Hosea 2:23; Hosea 2:24; 14:9, see also Micah 3:4; Isaiah 41:17; 49:8; Jeremiah 33:3; Job 12:4 +, especially Psalms, e.g. 3:5; 4:2; 20:2 33t., etc. (in all approximately 77 t.).
c. rarely with accusative, or clause, of answer: יַע ׳אלהים מַּרְעֹה אֶתשְֿׁלוֺם Genesis 41:16; Job 15:2; Proverbs 18:23; Nehemiah 8:6 they responded, Amen ! 2 Samuel 19:43 they made reply against Israel (with עַל against, only here), + quoted answer; with accusative of person + answer 1 Samuel 20:28 Jonathan answered Saul, David asked leave, etc.; with 2. accusative (c. 20 t.) 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Job 23:5 +; so = grant, vouchsafe to, תַּעֲנֵנוּ נוֺרָאוֺת Psalm 65:6 terrible things dost thou [׳י] vouchsafe to us.
d. often + אָמַר Genesis 18:27 Abraham answered and said, Exodus 4:1 (J), 19:8 (E), Job 4:1; 6:1 etc.; + אֶלֿ אָמַר Genesis 27:39 16t.; + ׳א לְ 27:37 8t.; ׳י + accusative of person + אמר, 1 Samuel 9:8 he answered Saul and said, + 23t. (in all approximately 130 t.); seldom + לֵאמֹר Numbers 32:31 (P), ׳ע + accusative of person + ׳עא Genesis 23:5, 10, 14 (P), 41:16; 42:22 (E), Joshua 1:16 (D) .
b figurative אֶתהַֿכֹּל יַעֲנֶה Ecclesiastes 10:19; money meets all demands.
3. a. specifically respond as a witness, testify, so perhaps participleעֹנֶה (absolute) Malachi 2:12 (in good sense); with בְּ person= in the case of = for Genesis 30:33; usually against, 1 Samuel 12:3; 2 Samuel 1:16; Isaiah 3:9; 59:12; Micah 6:3; Jeremiah 14:7; Numbers 35:30 (P), Ruth 1:21 (>Be be occupied with, II.ענה; Vrss Luth KitKau עִנָּה humiliate); with בְּפָנָיו Hosea 5:5; 7:10; Job 16:8; with לְפָנָיו Deuteronomy 31:21 (+ לְעֵד as witness); with בְּ person + accusative of charge, סָרָה 19:16, of false witness שֶׁקֶר 19:18, עֵדשֶֿׁקֶר Exodus 20:16 (Ginsb 20:13), "" Deuteronomy 5:17; Proverbs 25:18: absolute (bad implication) Exodus 23:2 (E; עַל concerning).
b. less often make response as one accused (respondent) Job 9:14-15,. Niph`al 1. make answer, subject ׳י, with ל person, Perfect1singular נַעֲנֵיתִי Ezekiel 14:4; Participle נַעֲנֶה (Qal not in Ezekiel).
2 be answered: Imperfect3masculine singular יֵעָנֶה,
a. Job 11:2 (subject words).
Hiph`il Participle לִבּוֺ בְּשִׂמְחַת מַעֲנֶה Ecclesiastes 5:19, wholly dubious; Hi (God) causes (all things) to respond in the joy of his heart; De answers to the joy, etc.; de Jong Wild occupies him (II. עָנָה) with the joy, etc.
IV. עָנָה verb sing (Arabic sing, chant, singing, chanting, etc.; Syriac sing responsively, hymn, refrain; possibly Assyrian enû, resound (?); Egyptian anni is loan-word according to Bondi80); —
Qal Perfect3masculine singular וְעָנוּ consecutive Jeremiah 51:14; Imperfect3masculine singular יַעַנֶה 25:30; 3feminine singular וַתַּעַן Exodus 15:21; 3feminine plural וַתַּעֲנֶינָה 1 Samuel 18:7, etc.; Imperative עֱנוּ Numbers 21:17; Psalm 147:7; Infinitive construct עֲנוֺת Exodus 32:18 (twice in verse); — sing, utter tunefully, 15:21 (E) and Miriam sang to (ל) them; of uttering shout (הֵידָד), as in vintage Jeremiah 25:30 (׳י subject; + אֶלֿ person), in attack 51:14 (+ עַלֿ person); (חֲלוּשָׁה) גְּבוּרָה עֲנוֺת קוֺל Exodus 32:18 (twice in verse) (E); with ל of thing or person laudation Numbers 21:17 (J E; well); Psalm 147:7 (׳י; "" זַמְּרוּ), Ezra 3:11; + אָמַר 1 Samuel 18:7 the women sang, and said; לֵאמֹר בַמְּחֹלוֺת יַעֲנוּ 21:12; 29:5; with accusative of thing laudation Psalm 119:172 (compare "" 119:171). — Isaiah 14:22 see עון
I. [עֲנָה] verb answer (see Biblical Hebrew I. עָנָה); —
Pe`al Perfect3feminine singular עֲנַת Daniel 5:10; 3masculine plural עֲנוֺ 2:7 +; Participle active (עֲנָה NöGGA, 1884, 1021) עָנֵה 2:5 +, plural עָנַיִן (K§ 47 Beisp. e)) 3:24; — always + אמר Participle, answered and said (ל [or קֳדָם] person usually following אדר; following ׳ע 2:10, 27, 47): —