Word Summary
adar: to help
Original Word: עֲדַר
Transliteration: adar
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-dar')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to help
Meaning: to arrange as a battle, a vineyard, to muster, to miss
Strong's Concordance
dig, fail, keep rank, lack

A primitive root; to arrange, as a battle, a vineyard (to hoe); hence, to muster and so to miss (or find wanting) -- dig, fail, keep (rank), lack.


H5737. adar

I. [עָדַר‎] verb probably (si vera lectio) help (Aramaic loan-word, Syriac עֲדַר ᵑ7‎ (rare) = Hebrew עזר‎ q. v.; > Thes, assuming meaning arrange, order); —

Qal Infinitive cstr. לַעֲדֹר1 Chronicles 12:34 (Baer Ginsb; van d. H. v.12:33; this meaning also ᵑ9 ᵐ5‎); but < Manuscripts לַעֲוֺר‎ (compare v.12:18; v.12:22; v.12:23, van d. H. v.12:17; v.12:21; v.12:22), so Kau Buhl; Participle plural construct מַעֲרָכָה עֹדְרֵי‎ v.12:39 (van d. H. v.12:38), read עֹרְכֵי‎ (q. v. v.12:34) ᵐ5‎ Kau; see ערך‎.

II. [עָדַר‎] verb hoe (Late Hebrew id.; so Arabic (in Syria) , pick, hoe, Cuche ( also Dozyii. 101 b); compare FlKl. Schr. ii. 628); —

Niph`al Imperfect3masculine singular יֵעָדֵר לֹאIsaiah 5:6 it (the vineyard) shall not be hoed ("" יִזָּמֵר‎); 3 masculine plural יֵעָדֵר֑וּן כַּמַּעְדֵּר7:25 which used to be hoed with the hoe (subject הֶהָרִים‎).

III. [עָדַר‎] verb

Niph`al be lacking, fail (Arabic remain or lag behind); —

Niph`al Perfect, all with לֹא‎3masculine singular לָהֶם נֶעְדַּר1 Samuel 30:19 not anything was lacking to them; נֶעְדָּ֑ר‎ none was lacking 2 Samuel 17:22; Isaiah 40:25; of ׳י‎, Zephaniah 3:5 he doth not fail; 3 feminine singular נֶעְדָּ֔רָהIsaiah 34:16 no wild beast is lacking. Participle feminine נֶעְדֶּ֫רֶת59:15 truth has become lacking.

Pi`el Imperfect3masculine plural דָּבָּ֑ר יְעֲדְּרוּ לֹא1 Kings 5:7 they left nothing lacking.