Word Summary
abat: to take or give a pledge
Original Word: עָבַט
Transliteration: abat
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-bat')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to take or give a pledge
Meaning: to pawn, to lend, to entangle
Strong's Concordance
borrow, break ranks, fetch a pledge, lend, surely

A primitive root; to pawn; causatively, to lend (on security); figuratively, to entangle -- borrow, break (ranks), fetch (a pledge), lend, X surely.


H5670. abat

[עָבַט‎] verb denominative take or give a pledge; —

Qal Infinitive construct לַעֲבֹטDeuteronomy 24:10 to take possession of a thing pledged (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb); Imperfect2masculine singular give a pledge תַּעֲבֹט15:6 (i.e. borrow).

Hiph`il Perfect2masculine singular רַבִּים גּוֺיִם וְהַעֲבַטְתָּ֫Deuteronomy 15:6 and thou shalt cause many nations to give pledges (i.e. lend to them); Imperfect3masculine singular suffix + Infinitive absolute תַּעֲבִיטֶנּוּ הַעֲבֵט15:8 thou shalt surely lend to him (literally as above).

Pi`el Imperfect יְעַבְּטוּןJoel 2:7 hardly makes sense (lend on pledge = interchange ?); most read יְעַבְּתוּן‎; יְעַוְּתוּן‎ We, compare Now Dr GASm; Gr. יַטוּן‎.

עבל‎ (√ of following; compare possibly Arabic be bulky, stout; Punic proper name עבל‎ Lzb335).