Word Summary
saphad: to wail, lament
Original Word: סָפַד
Transliteration: saphad
Phonetic Spelling: (saw-fad')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to wail, lament
Meaning: to tear the hair and beat the breasts, to lament, to wail
Strong's Concordance
lament, mourner, wail

A primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail -- lament, mourn(-er), wail.


H5594. saphad

[סָפַד‎] verb wail, lament (Late Hebrew id.; סְפַד ᵑ7‎, ChrPalAramaic id., SchwIdioticon 64; Assyrian [sapâdu]], sipdu, sipittu, mourning, DlHWB 507; compare Amharic dirge PräZMG xxxv (1881), 762); —

Qal Perfect3feminine singular וְסָֽפְדָה‎ consecutive Zechariah 12:12, 3plural וְסָֽפְדוּ‎ consecutive 1 Kings 14:13; Zechariah 12:10; Imperfect3feminine singular וַתִּסְמֹּד2 Samuel 11:26, 2masculine singular תִּסְמֹּדEzekiel 24:16, 1singular cohortative אֶסְמְּדָהMicah 1:8, 3masculine plural יִסְמְּדוּJeremiah 6:16 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural סִפְדוּ2 Samuel 3:31 2t.; feminine plural סְפֹ֫דְנָהJeremiah 49:3; Infinitive absolute סָפוֺדZechariah 7:5; construct סְפוֺדEcclesiastes 3:4, לִסְמֹּדGenesis 23:2; 1 Kings 13:29, לִסְמּוֺדJeremiah 16:5; Participle active plural סֹפְדִיםIsaiah 32:12, ׳סוֺEcclesiastes 12:5; — wail, lament (with loud cries, etc., see Micah 1:8, and compare DrAmos 5:16), especially for dead, with לְ‎, 1 Samuel 25:1; 28:3; 1 Kings 14:13, 18; Genesis 23:2 (P) Jeremiah 16:6; 22:18 (twice in verse); 34:5, compare לָהֶם וְאַלתָּֿנֹד לִסְמּוֺד וְאַלתֵּֿלֵךְ16:5; with עַלֿover 2 Samuel 1:12; 11:26; 1 Kings 13:30, compare Zechariah 12:10 (see 12:12 below); with לִפְנֵי‎ i.e. marching before (bier) 2 Samuel 3:31 (see Dr); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 50:10 (J); absolute 1 Kings 13:29; Ezekiel 24:16 compare 24:23; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to רקד‎; compare Psalm 30:12), and participle as substantive Ecclesiastes 12:5 wailers; also, with idea of guilt on part of those wailing, Zechariah 12:12 (compare 12:10 above); over calamity, judgment, with עַלֿMicah 1:8, absolute Jeremiah 4:8 (both + הֵילִיל‎), 49:3 and (with fasting) Zechariah 7:5; Joel 1:13. — וגו עַלשְֿׂדֵיחֶֿמֶד סֹפְדִים ׳עַלשָֿׁדַיִםIsaiah 32:12 is dubious; Thes Ew De Che and others upon the breasts smiting (?) for the fields, etc., but read probably שָׂדִים‎ (יִַ֯ם וֺֿת,‎) GesComm. (q. v.) BuhlLex 13 Skinner and others: over the fields wailing, over the delightful fields, etc.

Niph`al Imperfect3masculine plural יִסָּֽפְדוּ לֹאJeremiah 16:4 they shall not be bewailed, so 25:33.

שְׂפֹדְנָהJeremiah 49:3 Masora, < modern editions ׳ס‎ see ספד‎.

שׂפה‎ (√ of following; compare Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian šaptu, lip, edge; so Syriac ; Arabic lip, edge).