Word Summary
Sinay: the mountain where the law was given
Original Word: סִינַי
Transliteration: Sinay
Phonetic Spelling: (see-nah'-ee)
Part of Speech: Proper Name Location
Short Definition: the mountain where the law was given
Meaning: Sinai -- the mountain where the law was given
Strong's Concordance

Of uncertain derivation; Sinai, mountain of Arabia -- Sinai.


H5514. Sinay

סִינַיproper name, of a mountain Sinai; — name of mountain of law-giving in J and especially P (חֹרֵב‎ in E and especially D): Judges 5:5; Psalm 68:9; Deuteronomy 33:2 (poem), also Exodus 16:1 (P); usually הַרסִֿינַי‎ (סִֿינָ֑יLeviticus 7:38 +), rarely J, Exodus 19:20, 23 and perhaps 34:2, 4, elsewhere mostly P, 24:16; 31:18; 34:29, 32; Leviticus 7:38; 25:1; 27:34; and 26:46 (H), Numbers 3:1; 28:6, also Nehemiah 9:13; סִינַי מִרְבַּר‎ (סִינָ֑יNumbers 1:19 +), Exodus 19:1-2, Leviticus 7:38; Numbers 1:1, 19; 3:4, 14; 9:1, 5; 10:12; 26:64; 33:15-16, (all P); — in view of these facts, and of E's use of חֹרֵב‎ (q. v.), it is probably that Exodus 19:11, 18 (in E passages) are from R. — ᵐ5Σ(ε)ινα. Identification dubious; local tradition names Jebel Musa, mountain at southern end of peninsular between the two arms of Red Sea, so RobBR i. 90 ff., especially 119-122 compare StanleySinai and Pal. 42 f. and elsewhere, specifically its northern spur, Ras ‚afƒâfeh; but LepsiusBriefe 345 ff., 416 ff. EbGS especially 392 ff. and others advocate Serbal, northwest from Jebel Musa (on tradition, cf Ebib. 413 ff.); see discussion Di19:1. Against both is the working of Egyptian mines in the peninsula as late as the 19th dynasty (see EbGS 135, 148 ff., 159, etc.), involving presence of soldiers there. This, and connection with Midian (compare also Judges 5:5), have led to search for Sinai further northeast, near head of Gulf of Akaba, or even in Seir, so SayMonuments 263 ff., compare GFM5:5; 6:1 and Yakut, cited by Id179n. §, also see GallAltisr. Kultst. 12; on sanctity of the mountain see further RSSem i. 110 f., 2nd ed. 177 f. SmRel. Geschichte. 30.