Word Summary
nekach: before, over against
Original Word: נֵכַח
Transliteration: nekach
Phonetic Spelling: (nay'-kakh)
Part of Speech: substantive; preposition; adverb; adverb; preposition
Short Definition: before, over against
Meaning: the fore part, opposite
Strong's Concordance
before, over against

From an unused root meaning to be straightforward; properly, the fore part; used adverbially, opposite -- before, over against.


H5226. nekach

נֹ֫כַחsubstantive front, always in

preposition or

adverb phrases, with suffix נִכְחוֺExodus 14:2; Ezekiel 46:9: —

1 as adverb accusative in front of, opposite to, Exodus 14:2 תַּחֲנוּ נִכְחוֺ‎, 26:35 the candlestick הַשֻּׁלְחָן נֹכַח‎, 40:24, Joshua 18:17 (in the "" 15:7, לְ נֹכַח‎: see לְ5c), 1 Kings 20:29 אֵלֶּה נֹכַח אֵלֶּה וַיַּחֲנוּ‎, 22:35 (= 2 Chronicles 18:34), Esther 5:1 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 46:9 Qr יֵצֵא נִכְחוֺ כִּי‎ shall go out in front of himself, i.e. straightforward; compare נֶגֶד נֶגְדּוֺ,

1a (b). Figurative Proverbs 5:21 י עֵינֵי נֹכַח ׳כִּי אִישׁ דַּרְכֵיin the sight of ׳י‎s eyes are, etc., Judges 18:6 י ׳נֹכַח דַּרְכְּכֶםbefore ׳י‎ is your way, i.e. under his eye and favourable regard. In the phrase מְּנֵי נֹכַח‎, Jeremiah 17:16 הָיָה מָּנֶיךָ נֹכַח שְׂפָתַי מוֺצָא‎ was before thy face, Lamentations 2:19; Ezekiel 14:3 מְּנֵיהֶם נֹכַח נָָֽתְנוּ עֲוֺנָם מִכְשׁוֺל‎ (i.e. they contemplate it with pleasure), 14:4; 14:7.

2 combined with prepositions:

a. אֶלנֹֿכַח‎, Numbers 19:4 אלנֿ וְהִזָּה ׳מועד אהל פני‎ and sprinkle it towards the front of, etc.

b. ׃לְֹנכַח‎ (a) as

adverb Proverbs 4:25 לנ ׳עיניך יביטו‎ let thine eyes look to the front or right on ("" נֶגְדֶּ֑ךָ יַישִׁרוּ ועפיך‎); (b) as

preposition Genesis 30:38 הַצּאֹן לְֹנכַחin front of the flocks 25:21 אִשְׁתּוֺ לְֹנכַח ֗֗֗ וַיֶּעְתַּרin fornt of, i.e. on behalf of (compare pro), his wife; (c) עַדנֹֿכַח‎, Judges 19:10 עַדנֿ ׳וַיָּבאֹ יְבוּסas fas as in front of Jebus, 20:43; Ezekiel 47:20 (לְ עַדנֹֿכַח‎). Synonym נֶגֶד‎, q. v.