Word Summary
naaph: to commit adultery
Original Word: נָאַף
Transliteration: naaph
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-af')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to commit adultery
Meaning: to commit adultery, to apostatize
Strong's Concordance
adultereress, committing adultery, woman that breaks wedlock

A primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize -- adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.


H5003. naaph

[נאַף‎] verb commit adultery (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic נְאַף‎ (rare)): —

Qal Imperfect3masculine singular יִנְאַףLeviticus 20:10 (twice in verse); 3masculine plural וַיִּנְאָ֑פוּJeremiah 5:7 3t. Imperfect; Infinitive absolute נָאוֺף23:14; נָאֹףHosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Participle נֹאֵףProverbs 6:32; Job 24:15; feminine singular נֹאָ֑פֶתLeviticus 20:10; feminine plural נֹאֲפוֺתEzekiel 16:38 2t.; —

1 literally commit adultery:

a. usually of man, always with wife of another; with accusative woman, Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 6:32; elsewhere absolute Exodus 20:14 = Deuteronomy 5:17 (Ten Words), Jeremiah 5:7; 7:9; 23:14; Hosea 4:2; participle masculine Leviticus 20:10 (H), Job 24:15.

b. of women, only participle Leviticus 20:10 (H), Ezekiel 16:38; 23:45 (twice in verse).

2 figurative of idolatrous worship, העץ ואת האבן אתJeremiah 3:9.

Piel Perfect3feminine singular נִאֲפָהJeremiah 3:8; 3masculine plural נִאֵ֑פוּEzekiel 23:37 (twice in verse); Imperfect3masculine plural יְנַאֲפוּJeremiah 29:23; 3feminine plural תְּנָאַפְנָהHosea 4:13-14, Participle מְנָאֵףIsaiah 57:3; plural מְנָאֲפִיםJeremiah 9:1 4t.; feminine מְנָאָ֑פֶתProverbs 30:20 2t.; —

1 literally commit adultery:

a. of man, with accusative woman, Jeremiah 29:23; absolute Ezekiel 23:37; pt plural Jeremiah 9:2; 23:10; Hosea 7:4; Malachi 3:5; Psalm 50:18.

b. of woman, absolute Hosea 4:13-14, participle 3:1; Proverbs 30:20; plural Ezekiel 16:32.

2 figurative of idolatrous worship, אֶתגִּֿלּוּלֵיהֶםEzekiel 23:37; absolute Jeremiah 3:8, מְנָאֵף זֶאֶרַעIsaiah 57:3.