Word Summary
mothen: loins
Original Word: מֹתֶן
Transliteration: mothen
Phonetic Spelling: (mo'-then)
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: loins
Meaning: the waist, small of the back, the loins
Strong's Concordance
to be slender

From an unused root meaning to be slender; properly, the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins -- + greyhound, loins, side.


H4975. mothen

מָתְנַ֫יִםnoun masculine dual loins (Arabic back, the two sides of the back, etc.; Syriac ; — absolute ׳מDeuteronomy 33:11 7t., מָתְנָ֑יִםEzekiel 29:7; 47:4; construct מָתְנֵיJeremiah 13:11 + 3t.; suffix מָתְנַיIsaiah 21:3, מָתְנָ֑יJeremiah 13:2; מָתְנֵיהֶם‎ 1Kings + Jeremiah 20:32 4t., etc.; — loins:

1. a. place of wearing girdle 1 Kings 2:5; 2 Kings 1:8; Jeremiah 13:1-2, 4, 11; Ezekiel 23:15; figurative Isaiah 11:5 righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins.

b. hence place of things attached to girdle: — sword girded on (אסר על, חגר2 Samuel 20:8; Nehemiah 4:12; opposed to, אֲפַתֵּחַ מְלָכִים וּמָתְנֵיIsaiah 45:1 and the loins of kings I will loosen, i e. will disarm them (׳י‎ before Cyrus; compare Che); ink-horn Ezekiel 9:2-3, 11.

c. girding up loins = make ready for action, מָתְנָיו וַיְשַׁנֵּס1 Kings 18:46; more often מ ׳חָגַר2 Kings 4:29; 9:1; Exodus 12:11 (P), Daniel 10:5; מ ׳אָזַרJeremiah 1:17.

d. מ ׳זַרְזִירProverbs 30:31 that which is girt in the loins, i.e. probably either a greyhound Ew Bö De (contracted, as if by a belt), or a war-horse, charger, Bo Ges Hi Str Wild (with a saddle); compare also זרזיר‎, p. 267 above; text perhaps corrupt (Wild).

e. girded with sackcloth (in mourning) Genesis 37:34 (J), Amos 8:10; Isaiah 20:2; 1 Kings 20:31-32, Jeremiah 48:37.

f. linen breeches of priests were to extend יְרֵכַיִם וְעַד מִמָּתְנַיִםExodus 28:42 (P); to be ׳עַלמָֿתEzekiel 44:18; loins of slaves are girt with waistcloth, compare Job 12:18 (see also אֵזוֺר‎).

g. in General of the middle of the body, מָת ׳מֵיEzekiel 47:4 (i.e. water reaching to the loins); so of the appearance of ׳י‎ in Ezekiel's visions 1:27 (twice in verse); 8:2 (twice in verse).

2. a. loins as seat of strength, Deuteronomy 33:11; 1 Kings 12:10 2 Chronicles 10:10; מָתְנַיִם חַזֵּקNahum 2:2 ("" כֹּחַ אַמֵּץ‎); בְּמָתְנָיו כֹּחוֺJob 40:16 (of hippopotamus); in combination with 1a (figurative) מ ׳בְּעוֺז חָֽגְרָהProverbs 31:17 she girdeth her loins with strength, she puts on energy with her girdle; compare also מ ׳בְּשִׁבְרוֺןEzekiel 21:11 sigh with breaking of loins, i.e. in entire collapse of strength; so וּמ ׳הַמְעַ֑ד תָּמִידPsalm 69:24 and make their loins continually to shake, make them totter; compare Ezekiel 29:7 (where read וְהִמְעַדְתָּ‎ for וְהַעֲמַדְתָּ‎, see מָעַד‎).

b. as seat of keenest pain, due to grief or dread Nahum 2:11; Isaiah 21:3 (as in travail); so probably also Psalm 66:11 (compare Bae; and see מוּעָקָה‎ below עוק‎).