Word Summary
mashak: to draw, drag
Original Word: מָשַׁךְ
Transliteration: mashak
Phonetic Spelling: (maw-shak')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to draw, drag
Meaning: to draw, drag
Strong's Concordance
continue, defer, extend

A primitive root; to draw, used in a great variety of applications (including to sow, to sound, to prolong, to develop, to march, to remove, to delay, to be tall, etc.) -- draw (along, out), continue, defer, extend, forbear, X give, handle, make (pro-, sound)long, X sow, scatter, stretch out.


H4900. mashak

מָשַׁךְverb draw, drag (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מְשַׁח‎ (rare) be extended, also conduct, take, Syriac is be dry, shrivelled (of fruit., etc.); Ethiopic bend (the bow); Arabic grasp and hold I. Frey; IV. Frey Lane; compare also Assyrian mašku, skin (perhaps also march DlHWB 431), Arabic id., Aramaic , מַשְׁכָּאid.); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳מ1 Kings 22:34 2t., וּמָשַׁךְ‎ consecutive Job 24:22; 3feminine singular מָֽשְׁכָהDeuteronomy 21:3, etc.; Imperfect יִמְשׁוֺךְJob 21:33; וַיִּמְשֹׁךְJudges 20:37; 2masculine singular suffix תִּמְשְׁכֵנִיPsalm 28:3; 1singular suffix אֶמְשְׁכֵםHosea 11:4, etc.; Imperative מְשֹׁךְPsalm 36:11, suffix מָשְׁכֵנִיSong of Solomon 1:4; masculine plural מִשְׁכוּExodus 12:21, מָשְׁכוּEzekiel 32:20; Infinitive construct מְשֹׁךְExodus 19:13; Joshua 6:5, לִמְשׁוֺךְEcclesiastes 2:3; Participle משֵׁךְAmos 9:13; Psalm 109:12; plural משְׁכִיםJudges 5:14; construct משְׁכֵיIsaiah 5:18; 66:19; —

1 draw and lift out of (מִן‎), with accusative of person, הַבּוֺר מִן אֶתיֿוֺסֵף וַיַּעֲלוּ וַיִּמְשְׁכוּGenesis 37:28 (E), so Jeremiah (+ ב בַּחֲבָלִים,‎ instrumental) Jeremiah 38:13; compare בְּחַכָּה לִוְיָתָן תִּמְשֹׁךְ‎ Job 40:25; draw, drag along הֵשָּׁוְא בְּחַבְלֵי עָוֺן משְׁכֵיIsaiah 5:18 (figurative); בְּרִשְׁתּוֺ בְּמָשְׁכוֺPsalm 10:9 (figurative of wicked catching and dragging the poor); draw, lead along (with hostile purpose) with accusative of person Judges 4:7 (subject ׳י‎; + אֶלֿ‎ person and thing); lead or drag off (to doom, subject ׳י‎) Psalm 28:3 (compare 26:9); similarly, or = draw down to death, וגו אוֺתָהּ ׳מָשְׁכוּEzekiel 32:20 (si vera lectio; reference to fall of Egypt), but read perhaps a form of שׁכב‎ for ᵐ5 משׁכו,‎ Co Berthol, compare Sm.; absolute, subject heifer, בְּעוֺל מָֽשְׁכָהDeuteronomy 21:3 (ב‎ instrumental); draw, lead (in love), (figurative, subject ׳י‎) אֶמְשְׁכֵם אָדָם בְּחַבְלֵיHosea 11:4, compare Jeremiah 31:3 (al. as

5 below)

2 draw the bow, ׳מ בַּקֶּשֶׁת1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33, but ק ׳משְׁכֵיIsaiah 66:19 (where text dubious, ᵐ5Μοσοχ καὶ εἰς(θΩβελ), so Lo StaJavan 8 Du CheHpt, — not Gr CheComm Di).

3 proceed, march (compare German ziehen) תָּבוֺר בְּהַר וּמָשַׁכְתָָּ֫Judges 4:6; compare 20:37 (absolute), Job 21:33 (אַחֲרָיו‎); so also (perhaps) Exodus 12:21 proceed (i.e. forthwith), and take you a sheep; and probably בְּשֵׁבֶט משְׁכִיםJudges 5:14 those marching with the staff, etc. (most under

2 drawing with, i.e. wielding).

4 draw out a sound, give a sound, הַיֹּבֵל בִּמְשֹׁךְExodus 19:13 (E) when the ram ('s horn) sounds, בִּמ ׳הַיֹּבֵל בְּקֶרֶןJoshua 6:5 (JE).

5 draw out, prolong, continue, לְֹידְעֶיךָ חַסְדְּךָ מְשֹׁחPsalm 36:10 prolong, continue thy kindness to them that know thee; חֶסֶד משֵׁךְ לוֺ אַליְֿהִי109:12; (so possibly חָ֑סֶד מְשַׁכְתִּיךָJeremiah 31:3 I have prolonged kindness to thee, compare Ryle Nehemiah 9:30; and elsewhere as

1 above); compare רַבּוֺת ׳וַתִּמ שָׁנִים עֲלֶיהֶםNehemiah 9:30 (חֶסֶד‎ omitted); ׳תִּמ וָדֹר לְדֹר אַמְּךָ‎ Neh 85:6 ("" בָּנוּ תֶּאֱנַף הַלְעוֺלָם‎); ׳וּמ בְּכֹחוֺ אַבִּירִיםJob 24:22 i.e. he (God) prolongeth the life of the mighty (Du draggeth them off, as Psalm 28:3

1 above, — reading also אֹבְּדִים‎ for ׳אַבּ‎ with ᵐ5‎ Bi); compare

Niph`al 6. trail seed (draw along in sowing) Amos 9:13 (opposed to עֲנָבִים דָֹּרֵךְ‎; compare מֶשֶׁךְ‎ below)

7 (late) cheer (draw, attract, gratify) אֶתבְּֿשָׂרִי ׳מ בַּיַּיִןEcclesiastes 2:3, — so De (who cites Late Hebrew, Chag14a) Now Wild. — אֶתלֹּֿצֲצִים יָדוֺ מָשַׁךְHosea 7:5 is difficult, ᵐ5‎ AV RV he stretcheth out his hand with, maketh common cause with, is hardly possibly, text probably corrupt We Now.

Niph`al Imperfect3masculine plural יִמָּשֵׁ֑כוּ לֹאIsaiah 13:22 they shall not be prolonged (days of Babylon); 3 feminine singular תִּמָּשֵׁךְ לֹאEzekiel 12:25, 28 it shall not be postponed.

Pu`al Participle long drawn out: מְמֻשָּׁךְIsaiah 18:2, 7 of persons, = tall; מְמֻשָּׁכָה תֹּחֶלֶתProverbs 13:12 hope postponed, deferred.