Word Summary
kashal: to stumble, stagger, totter
Original Word: כָּשַׁל
Transliteration: kashal
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-shal')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to stumble, stagger, totter
Meaning: to totter, waver, to falter, stumble, faint, fall
Strong's Concordance
bereave, cast down, be decayed, cause to fail, make to fall down feeble, be the ruined

A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall -- bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, X utterly, be weak.


H3782. kashal

כָּשַׁלverb stumble, stagger, totter (Late Hebrew id.; Syriac [] give offence (occasion for stumbling), σκανδαλιζω, (chiefly Ethpe`el Aph`el), see PS Brock Schw; Arabic is be heavy, sluggish); —

Qal Perfect ׳כNehemiah 4:4 +, (Hosea 5:5b read יִכָּשֵׁל‎, compare We), כָּֽשְׁלָהIsaiah 3:8; 59:14; כָּֽשְׁלוּJeremiah 46:6 +, כָּשַׁלְנוּIsaiah 59:10, etc.; Imperfect3masculine plural יכשׁ֑ולוProverbs 4:16 Kt (but read Hiph`il, q. v., so Qr); יכשׁלוNahum 3:3 Kt (but read Perfect וְכָֽשְׁלוּ‎ so Qr); Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺלIsaiah 40:30 (c. Niph`al Imperfect); Participle active כּוֺשֵׁל5:27 2t., כּשֵׁל2 Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; feminine plural כּשְׁלוֺתIsaiah 35:3; —

1 stumble at, over, something, with ב‎ (literally by means of), Nahum 3:3, כ בְּגִבּוֺר ׳גִּבּוֺרJeremiah 46:13 (+ נָפַל‎), compare Leviticus 26:37; כ בָּעֵץ ׳וּנְעָרִיסLamentations 5:13 i.e. stagger (of toil in captivity); absolute Isaiah 5:27 ׅ‎ "" וְנָפָ֑לוּ כָּֽשְׁלוּ (עָיֵף,Jeremiah 46:6, compare וגו אישׁ גַּםנָֿפַל כּוֺשֵׁ֑ל ׳הִרְבָּה46:16 (strange; Gie following in part וְנָפַל כָּשַׁל עֶרְבְּךָ ᵑ6, ᵐ5thy mixed people — compare 25:20, etc. — hath stumbled and hath fallen); often figurative of overthrow, throughdivine judgment, with בְּat, (see above) 6:21, so Isaiah 8:15 (+ נָפַל‎ etc.) according to Ges Hi Bhul Che Di; < בָּם‎ = among them, — Israel and Judah, — as ב‎ in 8:16, so Ew De Du EV; Hosea 4:5 (twice in verse); 5:5; 14:2 (בְּ בַּעֲוֺנֶָֽךָ,‎ probably instrumental); absolute of Babylon, under figure of ׳כ ונפל זָדוֺן,Jeremiah 50:32; ׳כ ונפל‎ Paslm 27:2; Isaiah 3:8; 31:3 (both "" נפל‎); of אֱמֶת59:14; in metaphor of anxiety, distress 59:10, Paslm Isa 107:12.

2 totter, of knees, literal כ ׳בִּרְכַּי מִצּוֺם‎ Paslm Isa 109:24 my knees totter from fasting; figurative Isaiah 35:3 ("" רָפוֺת יָדַיִם‎) כּוֺשֵׁלtottering one, literal Job 4:4; 2 Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; hence figurative, fail, of strength (כֹּחַ‎) Nehemiah 4:4; Paslm Neh 31:11; — Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל‎, see below Niph`al

Niph`al Perfect consecutive וְנִכְשַׁלDaniel 11:9, וְנִכְשְׁלוּ11:33, וְנִכְשָׁ֑לוּ11:14; Imperfect יִכָּשֵׁלEzekiel 33:12 + Hosea 5:5b (ᵐ5‎. as va, so We; כָּשַׁל ᵑ0‎), 2 masculine singular תִּכָּשֵׁלProverbs 4:12, בִּכָּֽשְׁלוּ24:17 (yet see Ges§ 51, R. 1), בְּהִכָּֽשְׁלָםDaniel 11:34; Participle נִכְשָׁלZechariah 12:8; plural נִכְשָׁלִים1 Samuel 2:4; —

1 stumble (= Qal) Nahum 2:6; Isaiah 63:13; Jeremiah 31:9; usually figurative:

a. of misfortune Proverbs 24:17 ("" נפל‎), negative 4:12.

b. of divine judgement (with בְּat) Proverbs 4:19; 24:16, negative Ezekiel 33:12; see also Hosea 14:10 (בְ‎ location), Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 11:14, 35, מִמָּנֶיךָ וְיאֹבְדוּ יִכָּֽשְׁלוּPsalm 9:4; especially = be overthrown, of nations, armies, etc., Hosea 5:5 (with בַּעֲוֺנָם‎, compare 14:2

Qal), Jeremiah 6:15 "" נפל‎, compare 8:12 ("" id.), Daniel 11:19 ( + נפל‎), 11:33 (בְ‎ instrumental), 11:34; 11:41.

2 be tottering, feeble, יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ כָּשׁוֺלIsaiah 40:30 (opposed to כֹחַ יַחֲלִיפוּ40:31); so participle 1 Samuel 2:4; Zechariah 12:8.

Pi`el only apparent, תְּכַשְּׁלִיEzekiel 36:14, read תְּשַׁכְּלִי‎ with Qr Vrss EV Sm Co Da (see also

Hiph`il near the end).

Hiph`il Perfect הִכְשִׁילLamentations 1:14 הִכְשַׁלְתֶּםMalachi 2:8; Imperfect3masculine singular suffix יַכְשִׁילְךָ2 Chronicles 25:8; 2 feminine singular תַּכְשִׁלִיEzekiel 36:15 (but strike out ᵐ5‎ Co; read תשׁכלי‎, as 36:14 other Vrss Sm Da); 3 masculine plural יַכְשִׁילוּProverbs 4:16 Qr (Kt see below

Qal), וַיַּכְשִׁילֻהוּ‎ Paslm Prov 64:9, וַיַּכְשִׁלוּםJeremiah 18:15 (so ᵑ7‎; Gie, after ᵐ5‎. וַיִּכְשְׁלוּ ᵑ6,‎, [< וַיִּכָּֽשִׁלוּ‎]); Infinitive construct הַכְשִׁיל2 Chronicles 25:8, sf הַכְשִׁילוֺ28:23; —

1 cause to stumble, figurative:

a. = bring injury or ruin to, abs Proverbs 4:16; of punishment Psalm 64:9 (indefinite subject; si vera lectio; text probably corrupt, see Che Bae).

b. = overthrow, of nation, army, etc., 2 Chronicles 25:8 (followed by אוֺיֵב לִפְנֵי‎) compare 25:8 (opposed to עזר‎); cause overthrow28:23. — On Ezekiel 36:15 see above

c. morally, Jeremiah 18:15 (בְּ‎ local), Malachi 2:8 (בְּ‎ instrumental).

2 make feeble, weak, כֹּחִי הִכְשִׁילLamentations 1:14 (of God's dealing with Jerusalem)

Hoph`al only Participle לְפָנֶיךָ מֻכְשָׁלִים והיוJeremiah 18:23 either and let them be ones who have stumbled before thee, i.e. regard them as such (Hi Gf VB), or and let them be ones overthrown before thee (Gie; so Qr according to Gf). So also in Ezekiel 21:20 according to Co, compare Sm Da (מִכְשֹׁלִים ᵑ0‎, see מִכְשׁוֺל‎).