Word Summary
ephah: an ephah (a measure of grain)
Original Word: אֵיפָה
Transliteration: ephah
Phonetic Spelling: (ay-faw')
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Short Definition: an ephah (a measure of grain)
Meaning: ephah -- an ephah (a measure of grain)
Strong's Concordance
ephah, divers measures

Or (shortened) ephah {ay-faw'}; of Egyptian derivation; an ephah or measure for grain; hence, a measure in general -- ephah, (divers) measure(-s).


H374. ephah

אֵיפָה35, אֵפָה

noun feminine ephah (etymology dubious, ᵐ5‎. οιφι etc., compare Coptic ôipi, Thes LagOr. ii. 2 & cit.) — ׳אNumbers 5:15 +; אֵפָהExodus 16:36 +; construct אֵיפַתLeviticus 19:36 +; — ephah, a grain-measure.

1 a certain quantity of wheat, barley, etc. = ten omers (עֹמֶר‎) Exodus 16:36 (compare in measure of offerings Leviticus 5:11; 6:13; Numbers 5:15; 28:5, all הָא ׳עֲשִׂירִית‎; = 1/10 chomer (חֹמֶר‎) Ezekiel 45:11 (= bath, בַּת‎, liquid measure q. v.) compare Isaiah 5:10; chiefly of offerings, see above & 1 Samuel 1:24; Ezekiel 45:13 (twice in verse); 45:24 (3 t. in verse); 46:5 (twice in verse); 46:7 (3 t. in verse); 46:11 (3 t. in verse); 46:14; compare Judges 6:19, but also of food 1 Samuel 17:17 compare Ruth 2:17 & Isaiah 5:10 above

2 receptacle or measure, holding an ephah, in prophetic vision Zechariah 5:6-7, 8, 9, 10; just measure אֵיפַתצֶֿדֶקLeviticus 19:36 ("" צ ׳הִֶין ׳אַבְנֵיצֿ, ׳מאֹזְנֵיצֿ,‎) compare Ezekiel 45:10-11, וָצ ׳שׁלֵמָה אֵיפָהDeuteronomy 25:15 ("" שׁ ׳אֶבֶן ׳וָצ‎); of unjust measure וְאֵיפָה אֵיפָה25:14; Proverbs 20:10; א ׳הַקְטִיןAmos 8:5; רָווֺן אֵיפַתMicah 6:10. (On the actual size of ephah, compare בַּת‎).

אֵיפֹה‎ see below אַי‎. P.33

אושׁ אישׁ,‎ (Stem assumed in Thes for אִישׁ‎; existence & meaning somewhat dubious Thes (Add) & most derive אִישׁ‎ from [אִנְשְׁ‎] √ אנשׁ‎ (q. v.) In favour are plural אֲנָשִׁים‎, feminine אִשָּׁה‎ = [אִנְשָׁה‎], lack of proven √ אישׁ‎, & lack of clear parallels for אישׁ‎ in cognate languages. Against the derivation of אִישׁ‎ from inš is the vocalization (ִ י‎, and that fully written, not ֵ‎), maintained even with suffixes, the (rare) plural אִישִׁים‎, the impossibility of deriving אִישׁ‎ & אִשָּׁה‎ from same √ (אִשָּׁה‎ from ), the existence of אֱנוֺשׁ‎ as parallel form, and the (exceptional) parallel Aramaic איש‎ (Inscription of Carpentras), also Arabic (compare Frey) "" ; MI, SI, Phoenician אש‎ are not decisive; Sabean has both אסם‎ & אנסם‎; the former apparently = אִישׁ‎, the latter אֱנוֺשׁ‎; but on former compare DHMZK 1884, 360 & SabDenkm37. On the whole, probability seems to favour √ אישׁ‎; Thes gave meaning be strong; DlHA 9, Pr 161 compare Assyrian išanu, strong (compare Dlw. p. 244), & proper name יְהוֺאָשׁ‎; compare also PrätLOPh Feb. 1884; otherwise DHMl. e. & ZMG 1883, 330 & especially NöZMG 1886, 739 LagBN 68; compare also Wetzst in DePsalmen, ed. 4, p. 888 and others see also אֱנוֺשׁ אנשׁ,‎).