Word Summary
cherem: devoted thing, devotion, ban
Original Word: חֵרֶם
Transliteration: cherem
Phonetic Spelling: (khay'-rem)
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: devoted thing, devotion, ban
Meaning: a net, a doomed object, extermination
Strong's Concordance
accursed dedicated thing, appointed to utter destruction, Extermination

Or (Zecheriah 14:11) cherem {kheh'-rem}; from charam; physical (as shutting in) a net (either literally or figuratively); usually a doomed object; abstr. Extermination -- (ac-)curse(-d, -d thing), dedicated thing, things which should have been utterly destroyed, (appointed to) utter destruction, devoted (thing), net.

see HEBREW charam


H2764. cherem

I. חֵ֫רֶםnoun masculineLeviticus 27:28

1 devoted thing.

2 devotion, ban; — ׳ח‎ absolute Joshua 6:17 24t. (most read חֶרֶםZechariah 14:11, Baer חֵרֶם‎); חֶ֑רֶםJoshua 7:1; suffix חֶרְמִי1 Kings 20:42; Isaiah 34:5; — thing devoted to ׳י‎:

1 thing hostile to theocracy, and therefore (in the strictest application) to be either destroyed, or, in the case of certain objects (e.g. silver and gold, vessels of brass and iron Joshua 6:19, 24), set apart to sacred uses; especially

a. of a Canaan. city, as Jericho, including all inhabitants (except Rahab's family) and spoil Joshua 6:17-18, (twice in verse); 7:1, 11, 15; Achan by taking מִןהַֿחֵרֶם‎ made (camp of) Israel ׳ח7:12; compare 6:18, and became himself ׳ח‎, and was stoned and, with his family and possessions, including the spoil, was burnt 7:1, 11, 12, 13 (twice in verse) (all J E except 7:1 P; compare 7:15; 7:24; 7:25); בַּח מַעַל ׳מָעַלcommitted unfaithfulness in the matter of the devoted thing is term for the sin 7:1; 22:20 (both P), compare בַּח ׳מָעַל1 Chronicles 2:7; Saul and Israel spared Agag king of Amalek and הַח ׳רֵאשִׁית‎ i.e. of the spoil (sheep and oxen), which should have been utterly destroyed 1 Samuel 15:21 (compare 15:3; 15:8; Saul rejected by ׳י‎ for this 15:11; 15:26); so an idolatrous city in Israel should become ׳ח‎, with all its contents, and be utterly destroyed Deuteronomy 13:17 (compare 13:13; 13:15; 13:16).

b. of individuals, one having relic of Canaanit. god in his house should become ׳ח‎, the relic being ׳חDeuteronomy 7:26 (twice in verse); every human being who became ׳ח‎ should be killed Leviticus 27:29 (twice in verse) (P; see Di).

2 apparently (so Di) anything devoted to sanctuary under specially stringent conditions Leviticus 27:28 (see Di; and compare Ezra 10:8); a field consecrated to ׳י‎ becomes under certain conditions הַח ׳כִּשְׂדֵהLeviticus 27:21; every ׳ח‎ is ליהוה קָֽדָשִׁים קֹדֶשׁ27:28, and no ׳ח‎ that a manmay devote, whether man, beast or field, may be sold or redeemed 27:28; every such ׳ח‎ (as in case of metals and metal objects Joshua 6:17, 19) went to Aaron and his sons Numbers 18:14 (P), to Zadokite priests Ezekiel 44:29.

3 devotion, ban, involving destruction; חֶרְמִי אִישׁ1 Kings 20:42 man under my (׳י‎'s) ban (of Benhadad); חֶרְמִי עַםIsaiah 34:5 (of Edom); לַח ׳נתן43:28 figurative of ׳י‎s giving over Judah to Chaldaea; ׳ח‎ not to be in future Zechariah 14:11; ח אֶתהָֿאָרֶץ וְהִכֵּיתִי ׳מֶּןאָֿבוֺא‎ Malachi 3:24 smite the land with a ban, i.e. utterly destroy it.

II. חֵ֫רֶםnoun masculine net (as something perforated; compare Arabic perforated work, Fl in NHWBii, 208; Late Hebrew חֵרֶםnet; Phoenician חרםmaker of nets) — absolute ׳חMicah 7:2; suffix חֶרְמִיEzekiel 32:3, חֶרְמוֺHabakkuk 1:15-16, 17; plural חֲרָמִיםEcclesiastes 7:26; Ezekiel 26:5, 14; 47:10; — hunter's net Micah 7:2; Ecclesiastes 7:26; fisherman's net Ezekiel 26:5, 14; 32:3; 47:10; Habakkuk 1:15-16, 17.