Word Summary
chaphas: to search
Original Word: חָפַשׂ
Transliteration: chaphas
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-fas')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to search
Meaning: to seek, to conceal oneself, mask
Strong's Concordance
change, make diligent search, disguise self, hide, search for, out

A primitive root; to seek; causatively, to conceal oneself (i.e. Let be sought), or mask -- change, (make) diligent (search), disquise self, hide, search (for, out).


H2664. chaphas

[חָפַשׂ‎] verb search (ᵑ7Jer חֲפַסdig, seek; Palestinian, Syriac dig (Schw); perhaps Assyrian êppêšu, êtpêšu, sensible, LyonSargontexte 65) —

Qal Imperfect2masculine singular suffix תַּחְמְּשֶׂ֫נָּהProverbs 2:4; יַחְמְּשׂוּPsalm 64:7; נַחְמְּשָׂהLamentations 3:40; Participle חֹפֵשׂProverbs 20:27; — search, search out, figurative;

1 search for, object בִּינָה‎ etc. Proverbs 2:4 ("" בקשׁ‎).

2 = think out, devise, with accusative עולות‎ unjust acts Psalm 64:7 (compare also sub. Pu`al)

3 search = test, Lamentations 3:40 (object דרכינו‎; "" חקר‎), Proverbs 20:27.

Niph`al Perfect נַחְמְּשׁוּ‎ Obadiah 6 subject עֵשָׂו‎ collective; searched out = exposed and plundered ("" מַצְמּוּנָיו נִבְעוּ‎).

Pi`el Perfect וְחִמַּשְׂתִּ֫י1 Samuel 23:23; וְחִמְּשׂוּ1 Kings 20:6; Imperfect וַיְחַמֵּשׂGenesis 31:35 2t.; אֲחַמֵּשׂAmos 9:3; Zephaniah 1:12; Imperative חַמְּשׂוּ2 Kings 10:23; —

1 search through, with accusative, a house 1 Kings 20:6, Jerusalem (metaphor) Zephaniah 1:12; no object expressed 2 Kings 10:23.

2 search for:

a. a person with accusative 1 Samuel 23:23.

b. a thing, with accusative Genesis 44:12 (J; Joseph searching for his cup); 31:35 (E; no object expressed, Laban looking for his teraphim); Amos 9:3 (׳י‎ searching for evildoers), Psalm 77:7 (soul searching to understand ׳י‎s dealings with his servants).

Pu`al Imperfect יְחֻמַּשׂProverbs 28:12 be searched for = be hidden; Participle מְחֻמָּשׂPsalm 64:7 in מ ׳חֵפֶשׂ‎ = a searched out search, i.e. a device well thought out (compare Che; ""

Qal q. v.); see also חֵ֫פֶשׂ‎.

Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְחַמֵּשׂ2 Chronicles 35:22 (but הִתְחַזֵּק ᵐ5‎, compare also ᵑ6 ᵑ9‎3Esdr 1:26; so Be Öttli); Imperfect יִתְחַמֵּשׂJob 30:18; וַיִּתְחַמֵּשׂ1 Samuel 28:8 3t.; Infinitive absolute הִתְחַמֵּשׂ1 Kings 22:30 2 Chronicles 18:29; — disguise oneself (literally let oneself be searched for) 1 Samuel 28:8; 1 Kings 22:30 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 18:29 (twice in verse), 35:22 (but see above), all of disguise by change of garments; 1 Kings 20:38 באפר‎ i.e. with headgear over eyes; subject לבושׂJob 30:18, i.e. his garment is disguised, no longer looks like the mantle it is.