Word Summary
chinnam: out of favor
Original Word: חִנָּם
Transliteration: chinnam
Phonetic Spelling: (khin-nawm')
Part of Speech: Adverb
Short Definition: out of favor
Meaning: gratis, devoid of cost, reason, advantage
Strong's Concordance
without a cost, free, causeless, to cost nothing, freely, innocent, in vain

From chen; gratis, i.e. Devoid of cost, reason or advantage -- without a cause (cost, wages), causeless, to cost nothing, free(-ly), innocent, for nothing (nought, in vain.

see HEBREW chen


H2600. chinnam

חִנָּםsubstantive, used chiefly in the accusative as

adverb (compare Assyrian annáma, in vain, DlK 7, Pr 44; from הֵּן‎, with aff. םָ֯‎, which is sometimes found in substantives proper, as סֻלָּם‎, and proper names, but is more particularly used with substantives applied adverbially, as רֵיקָם דּוּמָם, אָמְנָם, יוֺמָם‎: Sta§ 203 BaNB § 216) — literally out of favour; i.e.

a. gratis, gratuitously, for nothing, חִנָּם עָבַד‎ to serve for nought Genesis 29:15; Job 1:9; Isaiah 52:3 to be sold (figurative) for nought 52:5; Exodus 21:2, 11 חִנָּם יָצָא‎ to go out(from slavery) freely, for nothing, Numbers 11:5 which we used to eat in Egyptian for nought, Jeremiah 22:13; 1 Chronicles 21:24; in the Genitive 2 Samuel 24:24 חִנָּם עֹלוֺת‎ i.e. burnt-offerings which cost nothing (in the "" 1 Chronicles 21:24 the construction is changed).

b. for no purpose, in vain Proverbs 1:17; Malachi 1:10: once חִנָּם אֶל‎ (compare אֶל7) Ezekiel 6:10.

c. gratuitously, without cause, undeservedly, especially of groundless hostility or attack, 1 Samuel 19:5 חִנָּם לְהָמִית‎ to slay David without cause, 25:31; Psalm 35:7 (twice in verse); 109:3; 119:161 חִנָּם רְדָפוּנִי‎, Proverbs 1:11; 3:30; 23:29; Job 2:3 ח ׳לְבַלְּעוֺ9:17; 22:6; Ezekiel 14:23; Psalm 35:19; and 69:5 חִנָּם שׂנְאַי‎ my haters without cause, Lamentations 3:52 חִנָּם אֹיְבַי‎; in the Genitive 1 Kings 2:31 חִנָּם דְּמֵי‎ blood shed without cause (compare 1 Samuel 25:31), Proverbs 24:28 בְּרֵעֶ֑ךָ ח עֵד ׳אֲלתְּֿהִי‎, 26:2 ח ׳קִלְלַת‎ the causeless curse.