A primitive root (compare chuwl, chalah, chalal); properly, to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat -- beseech, (be) diseased, (put to) grief, be grieved, (be) grievous, infirmity, intreat, lay to, put to pain, X pray, make prayer, be (fall, make) sick, sore, be sorry, make suit (X supplication), woman in travail, be (become) weak, be wounded.
see HEBREW chuwl
see HEBREW chalah
see HEBREW chalal
I. חָלָה verb be weak, sick (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲלָא suffer (rare); Assyrian —alû, sickness, grief, DlPr 181) —
Qal Perfect ׳ח 1 Kings 14:1 8t.; 2 feminine singular חָלִית Isaiah 57:10; 1singular חָלִיתִי 1 Samuel 30:13 2t.; וְחָלִי֫תִי consecutive Judges 16:7, 11, 17, חָלוּ֫ Jeremiah 5:3 (so read, see below); Imperfect וַיָּ֫חַל 2 Kings 1:2; Infinitive suffix חֲלֹתוֺ Isaiah 38:9; חֲלוֺתִי Psalm 77:11 compare below
Pi`el; חֲלוֺתָם Psalm 35:13; Participle חֹלֶה Genesis 48:1 6t. + 1 Samuel 22:8 (see below); חוֺלֶה Nehemiah 2:2; Malachi 1:13; feminine חוֺלָה Ecclesiastes 5:12 3t. (for Jeremiah 4:31 see I. חוּל), construct חוֺלַת Song of Solomon 2:5; 5:8; —
2 become sick, ill Genesis 48:1 (E) 1 Samuel 19:14; 30:13; 1 Kings 14:1, 5; 15:23 (of Asa, = חלא2 Chronicles 16:2) 17:17; 2 Kings 1:2; 8:7; 13:14 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) 20:12 = Isaiah 39:1; 33:24; 38:9; Proverbs 23:35; Psalm 35:13; Nehemiah 2:2, compare Psalm 77:11 חֲלוֺתִי for חַלּוֺתִי Che after Bi; lame and sick — i.e. imperfect for sacrifice — of animals Malachi 1:8, 13; sick from effect of wounds 2 Kings 8:29 2 Chronicles 22:6, compare Proverbs 23:35, מַכָּה with חֳלִי Deuteronomy 28:59, 61; Jeremiah 6:7; 10:19; hyperbole sick from love אני אַהֲבָה חוֺלַת Song of Solomon 2:5; 5:8; be sick unto dying לָמוּת חלה 2 Kings 20:1 = Isaiah 38:1, עדלֿמות׳ח (late) 2 Chronicles 32:24; Jeremiah 5:3 read probably חָלוּ֫ לֹא (for חָ֫לוּ ᵑ0, see I. חול) of the people, unmoved by ׳י's chastisements; thou hast smitten them, but they are not sick (compare
Niph`al Amos 6:6); of sickness of the mind in ᵑ0 1 Samuel 22:8 followed by עַל (but read rather ᵐ5 חֹמֵל Gr Klo Dr); participle as adjective severe, sore חוֺלָה רָעָה Ecclesiastes 5:12; 5:15; — on Jeremiah 4:31 see חול.
1 make oneself sick, figurative for strain oneself Jeremiah 12:13 (but Gr נִלְאוּ).
Qal Jeremiah 5:3); participle diseased, as substantive with article Ezekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) 34:21; = severe, sore (predicate of מַכָּה) Nahum 3:19; Jeremiah 10:19; 14:17; 30:12; also (מַכָּה omitted) Isaiah 17:11.
Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה make sick, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + בְּ of land Deuteronomy 29:21; Infinitive construct הִיא חַלּוֺתִי Psalm 77:11 read probably חֲלוֺתִי Infinitive Qal; my sickness, so Bi Che (others derive from חלל my wounding, see De). — For other forms of Pi`el see II. חלה.
Pu`al Perfect be made weak, 2 masculine singular חֻלֵּיתָ Isaiah 14:10.
Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְחָ֑ל 2 Samuel 13:6; Imperative הִתְחָ֑ל 13:5; Infinitive הִתְחַלּוֺת 13:2; — make oneself sick, of Ammon's morbid passion for his sister 13:2, followed by בַּעֲבוּר; of his pretended sickness of body 13:5-6,.
1 make (sick, i.e.) sore thy smiting הַכּוֺתֶ֑ךָ Micah 6:13 (compare Nahum 3:19, Niph`al); object (implicit) a person, הֶחֱלִי ׳וי דַּכְּאוֺ חָפֵץ Isaiah 53:10 it pleased ׳י to bruise him, making him sick = to bruise him sorely, see further Di.
2 make sick, object לֵב (of hope deferred) Proverbs 13:12.
3 shew (signs of) sickness, become sick, only ׳הֶח מִיָּ֑יִן חֲמַת שׂרים Hosea 7:5 princes are become sick with fever of wine (Now Che VB; > Vrss Hi-St who read הֵחֵלּוּ they begin the day with wine-fever).
II. [חָלָה] verb only
Pi`el followed by מָּנַיִךְ מָּנֶיךָ, מְּנֵי, = mollify, appease, entreat the favour of, literally make the face of any one sweet or pleasant (compare Arabic , , be sweet, pleasant, Aramaic , חֲלִי, id., adjective חָלֵי sweet); —
Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה2 Chronicles 33:12, חִלִּיתִי 1 Samuel 13:12; Psalm 119:58, וְחִלּוּ consecutive Job 11:19, חִלִּינוּ Daniel 9:13; Imperfect וַיְחַל Exodus 32:11 3t., יְחַלּוּ Psalm 45:13; Proverbs 19:6; Imperative חַלנָֿא 1 Kings 13:6, חַלּוּנָֿא Malachi 1:9; Infinitive construct לְחַלּוֺת Zechariah 7:2 2t.; —
1 ׳׃ח ׳אתפֿנייֿ
a. mollify, pacify, appease ׳י, i.e. induce him to shew favour in place of wrath and chastisement Exodus 32:11 (JE), 1 Kings 13:6 ( + הִתְמַּלֵּל), 13:6; 2 Kings 13:4; Jeremiah 26:19 (+ וַיִּנָּ֫חֶם), 2 Chronicles 33:12 ("" מִלִּפְנֵי מאד וַיִּכָּנַע), Daniel 9:13; also ׳ח פניאֵֿל Malachi 1:9 (followed by וִיחָנֵּ֫נוּ that he may be gracious to us).
b. entreat the favour of ׳י, i.e. aim at success, prosperity, etc., through his favour, 1 Samuel 13:12 (in anticipation of war), Zechariah 8:21-22, ("" אֶתיֿ ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ; of cities and nations assembling at Jerusalem for worship), 7:2 ("" אֶתיֿ ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ) of worship at Jerusalem; quite Generally, as habit of God-fearing man, Psalm 119:58 (+ בְּכָללַֿב).
2 entreat favour of men (in sense of 1b) — פנינָֿדִיב יְח ׳רַבִּים Proverbs 19:6 many entreat a prince's favour ("" מַתָּן לְאִישׁ וְכָלהָֿרֵעַ); ׳יח מָּנָיִךְ Psalm 45:13 of favour of king's bride; ׳וְח רַבִּים מָּנַיִךְ Job 11:19 favour of Job when absolved and restored.