Word Summary
chalah: to be weak or sick
Original Word: חָלָה
Transliteration: chalah
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-law')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be weak or sick
Meaning: to be weak or sick
Strong's Concordance
beseech, be diseased, put to grief, be grieved, be grievous, infirmity

A primitive root (compare chuwl, chalah, chalal); properly, to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat -- beseech, (be) diseased, (put to) grief, be grieved, (be) grievous, infirmity, intreat, lay to, put to pain, X pray, make prayer, be (fall, make) sick, sore, be sorry, make suit (X supplication), woman in travail, be (become) weak, be wounded.

see HEBREW chuwl

see HEBREW chalah

see HEBREW chalal


H2470. chalah

I. חָלָהverb be weak, sick (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲלָאsuffer (rare); Assyrian —alû, sickness, grief, DlPr 181) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח1 Kings 14:1 8t.; 2 feminine singular חָלִיתIsaiah 57:10; 1singular חָלִיתִי1 Samuel 30:13 2t.; וְחָלִי֫תִי‎ consecutive Judges 16:7, 11, 17, חָלוּ֫Jeremiah 5:3 (so read, see below); Imperfect וַיָּ֫חַל2 Kings 1:2; Infinitive suffix חֲלֹתוֺIsaiah 38:9; חֲלוֺתִיPsalm 77:11 compare below

Pi`el; חֲלוֺתָםPsalm 35:13; Participle חֹלֶהGenesis 48:1 6t. + 1 Samuel 22:8 (see below); חוֺלֶהNehemiah 2:2; Malachi 1:13; feminine חוֺלָהEcclesiastes 5:12 3t. (for Jeremiah 4:31 see I. חוּל‎), construct חוֺלַתSong of Solomon 2:5; 5:8; —

1 be or become weak, Samson Judges 16:7, 11, 17; feel weak Isaiah 57:10 (Che) Ezekiel 34:4, 16.

2 become sick, ill Genesis 48:1 (E) 1 Samuel 19:14; 30:13; 1 Kings 14:1, 5; 15:23 (of Asa, = חלא2 Chronicles 16:2) 17:17; 2 Kings 1:2; 8:7; 13:14 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) 20:12 = Isaiah 39:1; 33:24; 38:9; Proverbs 23:35; Psalm 35:13; Nehemiah 2:2, compare Psalm 77:11 חֲלוֺתִי‎ for חַלּוֺתִי‎ Che after Bi; lame and sick — i.e. imperfect for sacrifice — of animals Malachi 1:8, 13; sick from effect of wounds 2 Kings 8:29 2 Chronicles 22:6, compare Proverbs 23:35, מַכָּה‎ with חֳלִיDeuteronomy 28:59, 61; Jeremiah 6:7; 10:19; hyperbole sick from love אני אַהֲבָה חוֺלַתSong of Solomon 2:5; 5:8; be sick unto dying לָמוּת חלה2 Kings 20:1 = Isaiah 38:1, עדלֿמות׳ח‎ (late) 2 Chronicles 32:24; Jeremiah 5:3 read probably חָלוּ֫ לֹא‎ (for חָ֫לוּ ᵑ0‎, see I. חול‎) of the people, unmoved by ׳י‎'s chastisements; thou hast smitten them, but they are not sick (compare

Niph`al Amos 6:6); of sickness of the mind in ᵑ01 Samuel 22:8 followed by עַל‎ (but read rather ᵐ5 חֹמֵל‎ Gr Klo Dr); participle as adjective severe, sore חוֺלָה רָעָהEcclesiastes 5:12; 5:15; — on Jeremiah 4:31 see חול‎.

Niph`al Perfect1singular נֶחֱלֵיתִיDaniel 8:27; 3plural נֶחְלוּAmos 6:6; Jeremiah 12:13; Participle feminine נַחֲלָהIsaiah 17:11 4t.; plural נַחְלוֺתEzekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) 34:21; —

1 make oneself sick, figurative for strain oneself Jeremiah 12:13 (but Gr נִלְאוּ‎).

2 be made sick Daniel 8:27; נֶח ׳לֹא‎ of indifference, apathy Amos 6:6 followed by על‎ (compare

Qal Jeremiah 5:3); participle diseased, as substantive with article Ezekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) 34:21; = severe, sore (predicate of מַכָּה‎) Nahum 3:19; Jeremiah 10:19; 14:17; 30:12; also (מַכָּה‎ omitted) Isaiah 17:11.

Pi`el Perfect חִלָּהmake sick, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + בְּ‎ of land Deuteronomy 29:21; Infinitive construct הִיא חַלּוֺתִיPsalm 77:11 read probably חֲלוֺתִי‎ Infinitive Qal; my sickness, so Bi Che (others derive from חללmy wounding, see De). — For other forms of Pi`el see II. חלה‎.

Pu`al Perfect be made weak, 2 masculine singular חֻלֵּיתָIsaiah 14:10.

Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְחָ֑ל2 Samuel 13:6; Imperative הִתְחָ֑ל13:5; Infinitive הִתְחַלּוֺת13:2; — make oneself sick, of Ammon's morbid passion for his sister 13:2, followed by בַּעֲבוּר‎; of his pretended sickness of body 13:5-6,.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הֶחֱלִיIsaiah 53:10; 1singular הֶחֱלֵתִיMicah 6:13; plural הֶחֱלוּHosea 7:5 (on text see below); Participle מַחֲלָהProverbs 13:12; —

1 make (sick, i.e.) sore thy smiting הַכּוֺתֶ֑ךָMicah 6:13 (compare Nahum 3:19, Niph`al); object (implicit) a person, הֶחֱלִי ׳וי דַּכְּאוֺ חָפֵץIsaiah 53:10 it pleased ׳יto bruise him, making him sick = to bruise him sorely, see further Di.

2 make sick, object לֵב‎ (of hope deferred) Proverbs 13:12.

3 shew (signs of) sickness, become sick, only ׳הֶח מִיָּ֑יִן חֲמַת שׂריםHosea 7:5 princes are become sick with fever of wine (Now Che VB; > Vrss Hi-St who read הֵחֵלּוּthey begin the day with wine-fever).

Hoph`al Perfect be made sick = wounded הָֽחָלֵיתִי1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; 35:23.

II. [חָלָה‎] verb only

Pi`el followed by מָּנַיִךְ מָּנֶיךָ, מְּנֵי,‎ = mollify, appease, entreat the favour of, literally make the face of any one sweet or pleasant (compare Arabic , , be sweet, pleasant, Aramaic , חֲלִי‎, id., adjective חָלֵיsweet); —

Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה2 Chronicles 33:12, חִלִּיתִי1 Samuel 13:12; Psalm 119:58, וְחִלּוּ‎ consecutive Job 11:19, חִלִּינוּDaniel 9:13; Imperfect וַיְחַלExodus 32:11 3t., יְחַלּוּPsalm 45:13; Proverbs 19:6; Imperative חַלנָֿא1 Kings 13:6, חַלּוּנָֿאMalachi 1:9; Infinitive construct לְחַלּוֺתZechariah 7:2 2t.; —

1 ׳׃ח ׳אתפֿנייֿ

a. mollify, pacify, appease ׳י‎, i.e. induce him to shew favour in place of wrath and chastisement Exodus 32:11 (JE), 1 Kings 13:6 ( + הִתְמַּלֵּל‎), 13:6; 2 Kings 13:4; Jeremiah 26:19 (+ וַיִּנָּ֫חֶם‎), 2 Chronicles 33:12 ("" מִלִּפְנֵי מאד וַיִּכָּנַע‎), Daniel 9:13; also ׳ח פניאֵֿלMalachi 1:9 (followed by וִיחָנֵּ֫נוּthat he may be gracious to us).

b. entreat the favour of ׳י‎, i.e. aim at success, prosperity, etc., through his favour, 1 Samuel 13:12 (in anticipation of war), Zechariah 8:21-22, ("" אֶתיֿ ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ‎; of cities and nations assembling at Jerusalem for worship), 7:2 ("" אֶתיֿ ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ‎) of worship at Jerusalem; quite Generally, as habit of God-fearing man, Psalm 119:58 (+ בְּכָללַֿב‎).

2 entreat favour of men (in sense of 1b) — פנינָֿדִיב יְח ׳רַבִּיםProverbs 19:6 many entreat a prince's favour ("" מַתָּן לְאִישׁ וְכָלהָֿרֵעַ‎); ׳יח מָּנָיִךְPsalm 45:13 of favour of king's bride; ׳וְח רַבִּים מָּנַיִךְJob 11:19 favour of Job when absolved and restored.