Word Summary
chabal: to bind, pledge
Original Word: חָבַל
Transliteration: chabal
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-bal')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to bind, pledge
Meaning: to wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain
Strong's Concordance
band, bring forth, deal corruptly, destroy, offend, spoil,

A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), i.e. To bind; specifically, by a pledge; figuratively, to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) -- X at all, band, bring forth, (deal) corrupt(-ly), destroy, offend, lay &? To (take a) pledge, spoil, travail, X very, withhold.


H2254. chabal

I. [חָבַל‎] verb bind, pledge (Arabic bind; compare Aramaic , travail; חֲבַלpledge (but rare and dubious); especially cord, field, חַבְלָאcord, , חֶבְלָאpain, especially of travail; Sabean חבלborder-territory, or field, SabDenkm48.49; Ethiopic ZimBP 93 n., compare Assyrian na—balu, rope, snare (but = )) —

Qal Perfect חָבָ֑לEzekiel 18:16 Imperfect יַחֲבֹלDeuteronomy 24:6; 2masculine singular תַּחֲבֹל24:17; תַּחְבֹּלEzekiel 22:25; Job 22:6; יַחְבְּלוּ24:3; יַחְבֹּ֑לוּ24:9; Imperative suffix חַבְלֵהוּProverbs 20:16; 27:13; Infinitive absolute חָבֹלExodus 22:25; Participle active חֹבֵלDeuteronomy 24:6, compare חֹבְלִיםZechariah 11:7, 14 (name of מַקֵּל‎); passive חֲבֻלִיםAmos 2:8; —

1 bind, only in חֹבְלִים‎, name of one of Zechariah's symbolic staves, Zechariah 11:7, 14 symbolic of fraternity. Especially

2 bind by taking a pledge of, hold by a pledge, followed by accusative of person Proverbs 20:16; 27:13; Job 22:6; take or hold in pledge, followed by accusative of thing Exodus 22:25 ( J E), Deuteronomy 24:6 (twice in verse); 24:17; Job 24:3; followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb חֲבֹלEzekiel 18:16; יַחְבֹּ֑לוּ עַלעָֿנִיJob 24:9 probably pregnant (see Di) take pledges (getting power) over the poor; חֲבֻלִים בְּגָדִיםAmos 2:8 garments taken in pledge.

Niph`al Imperfect לוֺ יֵחָ֫בֶלProverbs 13:13 becometh pledged to it (i.e. pledged to pay the penalty, opposed to יְשֻׁלָּ֑ם‎), so Ew Hi De Now Str RVm VB. > below II. חָבַל‎ q. v.

Pi`el Perfect3feminine singular חִבְּלָהSong of Solomon 8:5; חִבְּלַתְךָ8:5; Imperfect יְחַבֶּלֿPsalm 7:15; — writhe, twist, hence travail; of mother Song of Solomon 8:5 (twice in verse) (with accusative of child; "" יְלָדָ֑תְךָ‎); metaphor of wicked man ׃ שָֽׁקֶר וְיָלַד עָמָל וְהָרָה יְחַבֶּלאָֿ֑וֶןPsalm 7:15.

II. חָבַלverb act (ruinously) corruptly (Late Hebrew id. wound, injure; Arabic corrupt or render unsound (the mind, a limb, etc.), be deranged (in mind); Assyrian —abâlu, injure, VR62, 11; Aramaic , חַבֵּלcorrupt, ruin; Ethiopic be arrogant, audacious; Sabean חֿבל‎ DHMEpigr. Denkm. 48; compare Palmyrene חבלmortuus VogNo. 161 and often) —

Qal Perfect1plural חָבַלְנוּNehemiah 1:7; Imperfect1singular אֶחְבֹּלJob 34:31; Infinitive construct (used as absolute) Nehemiah 1:7; — act corruptly against, לְ חבלנו חֲבֹל1:7; absolute Job 34:31.

Niph`al Imperfect לוֺ יֵחָ֫בֶלProverbs 13:13 shall be ruined (לְ‎ reflexive), Thes Rob-Ges AV RV, but < I. חָבַל‎ (q. v.)

Pi`el ruin, destroy: Perfect3masculine singular consecutive ידיך מעשׂה את וְחִבֵּלEcclesiastes 5:5, subject God. Imperfect3feminine singular נִמְרָץ וְחֶבֶל תְּחַבֵּלMicah 2:10 that destroyeth, even with sore destruction; but read rather ח ׳תְּחֻבְּלוּ ׳נye shall be destroyed with etc., so ᵐ5‎ Roo Che. Infinitive construct לְחַבֵּל‎ with accusative, the poor Isaiah 32:7, the land 13:5; absolute 54:16; compare Participle plural מְחַבְּלִיםSong of Solomon 2:15 with accusative of foxes ruining vineyards.

Pu`al Perfect3masculine singular וְחֻבַּל‎ consecutive Isaiah 10:27 of yoke, be ruined, broken, si vera lectio; RSJPh xiii. 1885, p. 62 proposes יחדל‎, compare also Checritical note.; and remark by Di Du; 3 feminine singular חֻבָּ֑לָהJob 17:1 my spirit is broken ("" נִזְעָ֑כוּ יָמַי‎); Imperfect2masculine plural תְּחֻבְּלוּMicah 2:10 (emendation: see above)