Word Summary
zara: to sow, scatter seed
Original Word: זָרַע
Transliteration: zara
Phonetic Spelling: (zaw-rah')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to sow, scatter seed
Meaning: to sow, to disseminate, plant, fructify
Strong's Concordance
bear, conceive seed, set with sower, yield

A primitive root; to sow; figuratively, to disseminate, plant, fructify -- bear, conceive seed, set with sow(-er), yield.


H2232. zara

I. זָרַעverb sow, scatter seed (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian zirû TPPrism vi. 15; Arabic ; Aramaic , זְרַע‎; Ethiopic but in Sabean דֿרא‎ DHMZMG 1883, 15 and in proper name, Id. in MV10, pp. 242, 983) —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular זָרַעJudges 6:3; 1singular וְזָרַעְתִּ֫יJeremiah 31:27; suffix וּזְרַעְתִּיהָ‎ consec Hosea 2:25; 3plural זָָֽרְעוּ12:13; 2masculine plural זְרַעַתֶּםHaggai 1:6; וּזְרַעְתֶּם‎ consecutive Genesis 47:23 2t.; Imperfect יִזְרָ֑עEcclesiastes 11:4; וַיִּזְרַעGenesis 26:12; suffix וַיִּזְרָעֶהָJudges 9:45; 1singular אֶזְדְעָה‎ Judg 31:8; suffix וְאֶזְרָעֵםZechariah 10:9, etc.; Imperative masculine singular זְרַעEcclesiastes 11:6; masculine plural זִרְעוּHosea 10:12 2t.; Infinitive לִזְרֹעַIsaiah 28:24; Participle active זֹרֵעַ55:10 3t.; זזֹרֵעַProverbs 22:8; Jeremiah 50:16, etc.; Passive participle זָרֻעַPsalm 97:11 (but on text see below); feminine זְרוּעָהJeremiah 2:2; —

1 literally sow:

a. absolute sow (seed), do one's sowing Judges 6:3; Genesis 26:12 (J), Isaiah 28:24 (after ploughing חרשׁ‎); כרמים ונטעו וקצרו זִרְעוּ37:30 = 2 Kings 19:29; "" קצר‎ also Micah 6:15; Leviticus 25:11 (H), Ecclesiastes 11:4; "" אסףLeviticus 25:20 (H); opposed to אכלJob 31:8; עלכֿלמֿים זֹרְעֵיIsaiah 32:20 (on construct compare Ges§ 130, 1); with הַשׁמינִת אתהֿשּׁנהLeviticus 25:22; followed by הַרְבֵּהHaggai 1:6 (opposed to מְעָ֑ט הָבֵא‎).

b. with accusative of land אדמהExodus 23:10 (J E; "" אסף‎), Genesis 47:23 (J); field (שׂדה‎) Leviticus 25:3 ("" אסף‎), compare 25:4; Psalm 107:37; as passive participle זְרוּעָה לֹא אֶרֶץJeremiah 2:2 ("" מִדְבָּר‎).

c. with accusative of seed ׳ז אֶתזַֿרְעֲךָDeuteronomy 11:10, compare 22:9; Jeremiah 35:7; Leviticus 26:16 (H) Ecclesiastes 11:6; followed by חִטִּיםJeremiah 12:13 ("" קצר‎); compare also בַּשָּׂדֶה תזרע אשׁר מַעֲשֶׂיךָ בִּכּוּרֵיExodus 23:16 (JE).

d. followed by 2 accusative כִּלְאַ֑יִם כַּרְמְךָ תזרע לֹאDeuteronomy 22:9; compare כִּלְאַיִם תִזְרַע לֹא שָׂדְךָLeviticus 19:19 (H); אתהֿאדמה אשׁרתֿזדע זַרְעֲךָIsaiah 30:23; also of destroyed city מֶ֑לַח וַיִּזְרָעֶהָJudges 9:45.

e. participle active as substantive זוֺרֵעַJeremiah 50:16 ("" קָציר בְּעֵת מַגָּל תֹּפֵשׂ‎); לַֹזּרֵעַIsaiah 55:10 ("" לָאֹכֵל‎).

2 of shrub and tree producing, yielding seed, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 1:29 (twice in verse) (P), compare Hiph`il 3. figurative:

a. of Yahweh's sowing (planting) Israel in the land בָארץ לי וזרעתיה‎ Hosea 2:25 (We וזרעתיהו‎, object being Jezreel); on the other hand בָּעַמִּים וְאֶזְרָעֵםZechariah 10:9.

b. with 2 accusative, of Yahweh's fructifying Israel and Judah בהמה ואתבֿ ישׂראל אתבֿית ׳וזרעתי וזרע אדם זֶרַע יהודהJeremiah 31:27.

c. of moral action, לִצְדָקָה לָכֶם זִרְעוּHosea 10:12 ("" קצר‎); צדקה׳זProverbs 11:18; אֶלקֹֿצִים אַלתִּֿזְרְעוּJeremiah 4:3 sow not in among thorns (said of a few righteous deeds amid much wickedness); especially of evil-doing יִקְצֹ֑רוּ וְסוּפָתָה יזרעו רוּחַHosea 8:7; עָמָל זֹרְעֵיJob 4:8 ("" קצר‎); יקצוראָֿוֶן עַוְלָה זוֺרֵעַProverbs 22:8.

d. of Israel's practising idolatry תִּזְרָעֶ֑נּוּ זָר זְמֹרַתIsaiah 17:10 (2 accusative)

e. יִקְצֹ֑רוּ בְּרִנָּה בדמעה הזרעיםPsalm 126:5 metaphor of distress followed by joy.

f. לַצַּדִּיק זָרֻעַ אוֺרPsalm 97:11 read probably זָרַח‎, Vrss Ol Hu Bae Che and others

Niph`al be sown, fructified, Perfect3feminine singular וְנִזְרְעָה‎ consecutive Numbers 5:28; 2masculine plural וְנִזְרַעְתֶּם‎ consecutive Ezekiel 36:9; Imperfect3masculine singular יִזָּרַעNahum 1:14; יִזָּרֵ֑עַDeuteronomy 21:4; Leviticus 11:37; 3feminine singular תִּזָּרַעDeuteronomy 29:22; —

1 be sown:

a. subject תִזּ ׳לֹא תַּצְמִחַ ולא אֶרֶץ,Deuteronomy 29:22, compare (of אֵיתָן נַחַל‎) יִזּ ולא ׳בּוֺ יֵעָבֵּד לא21:4; in address to וְנִזְרַעְתֶּם וְנֶעֱבַּדְתֶּם ישׂראל, הָרֵיEzekiel 36:9.

b. subject יִזָּרֵעַ אשׁר זֵרוּעַ זֶרַע זֶרַע,Leviticus 11:37 (P); figurative יִזּ ׳לֹא עוֺד מִשִּׁמְךָNahum 1:14 no more of thy name be sown, in judgment against Nineveh.

2 be fructified, made pregnant זָרַ֑ע וְנִזְרְעָהNumbers 5:28 (P; of woman).

Pu`al Perfect3plural זֹרָ֑עוּIsaiah 40:24 of princes and judges under figure of trees ("" גִּזְעָם בָּאָרֶץ שֹׁרֵשׁ נִטָּ֑עוּ,‎).

Hiph`il Imperfect3feminine singular תַּזְרִיעַLeviticus 12:2; Participle מַזְרִיעַGenesis 1:11-12, —

1 produce seed, of herb, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 1:11-12, apparently denominative from זֶרַע‎; compare Qal 2. 2. of a woman, = bear a child זָכָר וְיָיָָֽלְדָה תַּזְרִיעַLeviticus 12:2.

זְרַעnoun [masculine] seed (compare Biblical Hebrew I. זרע‎); — construct ׳ז אֲנָשָׁאDaniel 2:43 seed (offspring) of men.