Word Summary
or: to be or become light
Original Word: אוֹר
Transliteration: or
Phonetic Spelling: (ore)
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be or become light
Meaning: to be or become light
Strong's Concordance
break give, show light en set on fire, shine

A primitive root; to be (causative, make) luminous (literally and metaphorically) -- X break of day, glorious, kindle, (be, en-, give, show) light (-en, -ened), set on fire, shine.


H215. or

[אוֺר‎]43 verb be or become light (compare Arabic enkindle, Aramaic (Nasar.) Aph`el illumine, & derivatives in Assyrian) —

Qal Perfect אוֺרGenesis 44:3 + אֹ֫רוּ1 Samuel 14:29; Imperfect3feminine plural וַתָּאֹרְנָה14:27 Qr; Participle אוֺרProverbs 4:18 (Ges§ 72 R. 1) Imperative feminine singular א֫וֺרִיIsaiah 60:1; Proverbs 4:18; — become light, shine of sun (especially in early morning) Genesis 44:3 (J) 1 Samuel 29:10; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 60:1; of eyes (owing to refreshment) 1 Samuel 14:27 (Qr) 29.

Niph`al Imperfect וַיֵּאֹר2 Samuel 2:32; Infinitive לֵאוֺרJob 33:30; Participle נָאוֺרPsalm 76:5 — become lighted up of day-break 2 Samuel 2:32; by light of life, revival Job 33:30; by light of glory, enveloped in light Psalm 76:5.

Hiph`il Perfect וְהֵאִירExodus 25:37, etc.; Imperfect יָאִירJob 41:24 +; יָאֵרNumbers 6:25 +; וַיָּ֫אֶרPsalm 118:27 +, etc.; Imperative הָאֵר‎ Psalm 80:20 +, הָאִ֫ירָה31:17 +; Infinitive הָאִירGenesis 1:15 +; Participle מֵאִירProverbs 29:13; מְאִירַתPsalm 19:9; מְאִירוֺתIsaiah 27:11

1 give light, of sun, moon & stars Genesis 1:15, 17 (P), of moon Isaiah 60:19; of pillar of fire (followed by ל‎) Exodus 13:21; 14:20 (both J E) Psalm 105:39; Nehemiah 9:12, 19; of scared lamp Exodus 25:37; Numbers 8:2 (both P); figurative of the words of God Psalm 119:130.

2 light up, cause to shine, shine, followed by accusative תֵּבֵל בְרָקִים הֵאִירוּlightnings lighted up the world Psalm 77:19; 97:4; absolute מִכְּבֹדוֺ הֵאִירָה הָֹאָרֶץEzekiel 43:2; the earth shined with his glory (of theophany); of leviathan, which makes path shine behind him Job 42:24; יָאִיר כַּיּוֺם לַיְלָהnight shineth as day Psalm 139:12.

3 light a lamp Psalm 18:29; wood Isaiah 27:11; alter (-fire) Malachi 1:10.

4 lighten, of the eyes, עֵינַיִם הָאִיר‎, subject ׳י‎, his law, etc. Proverbs 29:13; Psalm 13:4; 19:9; Ezra 9:8.

5 make shine, of face of God י ׳יָאֵר אֵלֶיךָ מָּנָיוYahweh make his face shine upon thee Numbers 6:25 (priest's blessing), reappearing Psalm 31:17 (followed by עַלֿ‎), 67:2 (followed by אֶתֿ‎), 80:4; 80:8; Psalm 80:20; 119:135 (followed by ב‎), Daniel 9:17 compare Psalm 4:7; without מָּנִים‎ (followed by ל‎) 118:27; once, of face of man, Ecclesiastes 8:1 תָּאִיר אָדָם חָכְמַת מָּנָיוthe wisdom of a man lighteth up his face.