Word Summary
baqa: to cleave, break open or through
Original Word: בָּקַע
Transliteration: baqa
Phonetic Spelling: (baw-kah')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to cleave, break open or through
Meaning: to cleave, to rend, break, rip, open
Strong's Concordance
make a breach, break forth into, out, in pieces

A primitive root; to cleave; generally, to rend, break, rip or open -- make a breach, break forth (into, out, in pieces, through, up), be ready to burst, cleave (asunder), cut out, divide, hatch, rend (asunder), rip up, tear, win.


H1234. baqa

בָּקַעverb cleave, break open or through (Late Hebrew id., MI15 השחרת מבקעfrom break of dawn; Aramaic בְּקַע‎; compare Ethiopic profit, be useful, originally findere, aperire, Di) —

Qal Perfect בָּקַעPsalm 78:13, בָּֽקְעָהIsaiah 34:15, בָּקַעְתָּNehemiah 9:11; Psalm 74:15, וּבָֽקַעְתָּ֫Ezekiel 29:7; Imperfect וַיִּבְקַעJudges 15:19; Isaiah 48:21, וַיִּבְקְעוּ2 Samuel 23:16 = 1 Chronicles 11:18, בְקָעוּהָ וַיִּ2 Chronicles 21:17; Imperative וּבְקָעֵהוּExodus 14:16; Infinitive construct suffix בִּקְעָםAmos 1:13; 2 Chronicles 32:1; Participle active בּוֺקֵעַIsaiah 63:12; Ecclesiastes 10:9, בֹּקֵעַPsalm 141:7; —

1 cleave, cleave open, followed by accusative, Judges 15:19 God cleft open the hollow (הַמֵּכְתֵּשׁ‎), and water came out, compare Isaiah 48:21 (object צוּר‎), also Psalm 74:15 bring forth by cleaving, object יָנָחַ֑ל מַעְיָן‎, all three of divine operation; cleave or rip open pregnant women Amos 1:13; of a broken staff, tearing the shoulder Ezekiel 29:7 (but read כַּףhand for ᵑ9 ᵐ5 כָּתֵף,‎ Sm (?)Co.); cleave wood Ecclesiastes 10:9 ("" אֲבָנִים מַסִּיעַ‎); of ploughing (furrowing) the earth Psalm 141:7 ("" מֹּלֵחֵ‎; in simile); especially of dividing the sea, Exodus 14:16 (P) Nehemiah 9:11; Psalm 78:13, compare Isaiah 63:12, object מַיִם‎; — in all these subject ׳י‎ except Exodus 14:16 where he commands Moses; of hatching out (a brood, but no object expressed) Isaiah 34:15, subject קִמּוֺוarrow-snake.

2 break through or into, followed by בְּ2 Samuel 23:16 = 1 Chronicles 11:18; followed by accusative 2 Chronicles 21:17 וֵיִבְקָעוּהָ בִיהוּדָה וַיַעֲלוּ‎; also 32:1, object suffix reference to cities, אֵלָיו לְבִקְעָם ויאמרand he thought to break into them and so bring them unto himself.

Niph`al Perfect נִבְקַעJob 26:8; Zechariah 14:4 (וְ‎ consecutive); נִבְקְעוּGenesis 7:11; Isaiah 35:6, נִבְקָ֑עוּ2 Chronicles 25:11; Proverbs 3:20; Imperfect יִבָּקַעIsaiah 58:8, יִבֵָּק֑עַJob 32:19; 3feminine singular תִּבָּקַעIsaiah 59:5, וַתִּבָּקַעNumbers 16:31 3t.; Infinitive construct לְהִבָּקֵעַEzekiel 30:16; —

1 be cleft, rent open, subject the ground, הָֽאֲדָמָהNumbers 16:31 (J), הָאָרֶץ1 Kings 1:40 (hyperb.); mountain Zechariah 14:4; burst open, of men hurled from rock 2 Chronicles 25:12; of cloud beneath its weight of water Job 26:8; hyperb. of belly full of words seeking a vent, 32:19 like new wine-skins it will burst open; so of the water-receptacles (מעינות‎) of the great deep, at the flood Genesis 7:11; of the water-masses themselves, תהומותProverbs 3:20, ונהלים מיםIsaiah 35:6; also of the Red Sea, המים וַיִבָּקְעוּExodus 14:21; of light breaking forth Isaiah 58:8 (figurative); of serpent's egg hatching out as a viper 59:5 אֶפְעֶה תִּבָּקַע הַזּוּרֶה‎.

2 be broken into, of city captured by breaches in walls 2 Kings 25:4 = Jeremiah 52:7; Ezekiel 30:16.

Pi`el Perfect בִּקֵּעַ2 Kings 15:16; Job 28:10, וּבִקַּעְתִּ֫יEzekiel 13:13, בִּקֵּ֑עוּIsaiah 59:5; Imperfect יְבַקַּעPsalm 78:15, וַיְבַקַּעGenesis 22:3; 3feminine singular תְּבַקֵּעַEzekiel 13:11, תְּבַקְּעֵםHosea 13:8; 2masculine singular תְּבַקַּעֿHabakkuk 3:9, תְּבַקֵּ֑עַ2 Kings 8:12; 2feminine plural וַתְּבַקַּעְנָה2:24; — cleave, cut to pieces, or rend open (often more complete or more violent than Qal), followed by accusative, of cleaving wood Genesis 22:3 i.e. cut it up for burning, so 1 Samuel 6:14; of ripping open pregnant women 2 Kings 8:12; 15:16; of tearing in pieces children 2:24; compare also Hosea 13:8 (figurative); of cleaving open rocks, to bring forth water Psalm 78:15 (subject God); of cutting mining-shafts Job 28:10 בּ יְאֹרִים ׳בַּצּוּרוֺת‎; תְּבַקַּעאָֿ֑רֶץ נְהָרוֺתHabakkuk 3:9 into rivers thou cleavest (the) earth; break through or down (a wall, but no object expressed), Ezekiel 13:11 תְּבֵַקּ֑עַ סְעָרוֺת רוּחַ‎ (but Co תִּבָּקֵעַ‎), compare 13:13 בַחֲמָתִי סְעָרוֺת רוּחַ וּבִקַּעְתִּי‎; of hatching eggs Isaiah 59:5 צִפְעוֺנִיבִֵּקּ֑עוּ בֵּיצֵי‎ (figurative)

Pu`al Imperfect יְבָֻקּ֑עוּHosea 14:1; Participle מְבֻקָּעָהEzekiel 26:10, מְבֻקָּעִיםJoshua 9:4; — be ripped open, of women Hosea 14:1 (verb of masculine form); rent, of old wine-skins Joshua 9:4; broken into, of a city in whose walls a breach has been made Ezekiel 26:10.

Hiph`il Imperfect1plural suffix וְנַבְקִעֶנָּהIsaiah 7:6; Infinitive construct לְהַבְקִיעַ2 Kings 3:26; — break into, followed by suffix reference to Judah, Isaiah 7:6 ׳ונב אֵלֵינוּlet us break into it, lay it open, and so bring it unto ourselves (compare Qal 2 Chronicles 32:1); break through (absolute) with sword, אֶלמֶֿלֶךְאֱדוֺם לְהַבְקִיעַ חֶרֶבּ שֹׁלֵף2 Kings 3:26.

Hoph`al Perfect3feminine singular הָעִיר הָבְקְעָהJeremiah 39:2 the city was broken into, entrance was made by a breach.

Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְכַָּקּ֑עוּJoshua 9:13, Imperfect יִתְבּקָּ֑עוּMicah 1:4; — burst (themselves) open, of wine-skins Joshua 9:13; cleave asunder, of valleys Micah 1:4.