Word Summary
bilti: not, except
Original Word: בִּלְתִּי
Transliteration: bilti
Phonetic Spelling: (bil-tee')
Part of Speech: substantive; particle of negation; adverb; conjunction
Short Definition: not, except
Meaning: a failure of, not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until
Strong's Concordance
beside, but, continual, except, from, lest, neither,

Constructive feminine of balah (equivalent to bliy); properly, a failure of, i.e. (used only as a negative particle, usually with a prepositional prefix) not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until, etc. -- because un(satiable), beside, but, + continual, except, from, lest, neither, no more, none, not, nothing, save, that no, without.

see HEBREW balah

see HEBREW bliy


H1115. bilti

[בֵּ֫לֶת‎] substantive (from בָּלָה‎, of the form דֶּלֶת‎ Ol§ 146 b) properly failure, hence used as

particle of negation, not, except (compare אֶפֶס בְּלִי,‎), twice with suffix (see below), elsewhere always בִּלְתִּי‎ (with binding vowel יִ֯‎, as mark of construct state: Sta§ 343 Ges§ 90, 3), (Phoenician בלתonly: Tabnith-Inscription5) —

1. adverb not, with an adjective 1 Samuel 20:26 טָהוֺר בִּלְתִּיnot clean, with a substantive Isaiah 14:6 סָרָה בִּלְתִּי מַכַּת‎ a stroke of non+? verb (si vera lectio) Ezekiel 13:3 (RVm: but see Dr§ 41 Obs.).

2 after a preceding negation, not = except (synonym זוּלָתִי‎), Genesis 21:26 I have not heard הַיּוֺם בִּלְתִּיexcept to-day, Exodus 22:19 he that sacrificeth לי ׳בִּלְתִּיexcept unto ׳י‎, Numbers 32:12; Joshua 11:19: so אִם בִּלְתִּיGenesis 47:18; Judges 7:14 (compare אִם כִּיGenesis 28:17; Nehemiah 2:2). With suffix (attached to the ground-form בֵּלֶת‎) בִּלְתִּיexcept me Hosea 13:4, בִּלְתֶּ֑ךָexpect thee 1 Samuel 2:2.

3. conjunction (likewise after a negative, expressed or implied) Genesis 43:3 אִתְּכֶם אֲחִיכֶם בִּלְתִּיexcept your brother (be) with you, 43:5; Numbers 11:6 our soul is dry, there is nothing at all; save that our eyes are toward the manna, Isaiah 10:4 (and where will ye leave your glory ?) save that they bow down under the prisoners, and fall under the slain! i.e. (iron.) their only refuge will be among the corpses of a battle-field. So אִם בִּלְתִּיAmos 3:3-4,. — Daniel 11:18, where no negative precedes, it is difficult to extract a sense consistent with the General usage of בִּלְתִּי‎: Ges besides that his reproach he will return unto him, Ew only, nothing but, Hi certainly, Drechsler (on Isaiah 10:4) nay, even (compare RV).

4 With prepositions

a. לְבִלְתִּי86 so as not..., in order not... negation of לְ‎ followed by infinitive), usually followed by infinitive construct, as Genesis 4:15 gave a sign to Cain הַכּוֺתאֹֿתוֺ לְבִלְתִּיin order that any finding him should not smite him, 19:21; 38:9; Exodus 8:18; 8:25; 9:17; Leviticus 18:30; 20:4; 26:15; Deuteronomy 8:11; 17:12 the man that doeth presumptuously שְׁמֹעַ לְבִלְתִּיso as not to hearken etc. (compare Jeremiah 16:12; 17:23; 18:10; 42:13; Daniel 9:11) 9:20; Judges 2:23 +; הוֺעִיל לְבִלְתִּיin order not to profit (the result represented forcibly as the design; compare below לְמַעַן‎) Isaiah 44:10; Jeremiah 7:8; after verbs of commanding Genesis 3:11 which I commanded thee אֲכָלמִֿמֶּנּוּ לְבִלְתִּיnot to eat thereof, 2 Kings 17:15; Jeremiah 35:8f.; 35:14; Ruth 2:9, swearing Deuteronomy 4:21; Joshua 5:6; Judges 21:7; Ezekiel 20:15, agreeing 2 Kings 12:9, interceding Jeremiah 36:25. Once לְ לְבִלְתִּי2 Kings 23:10 (compare לְ לְמַעַןEzekiel 21:20, לְ בַּעֲבוּר1 Chronicles 19:3). Twice as conjunction with the imperfect, Exodus 20:20; 2 Samuel 14:14 (compare בַּעֲבוּר‎, & מִןDeuteronomy 33:11). In Jeremiah 23:14; 27:18 followed by perfect, which is inconsistent with the nature of a final conjunction: read either יָבאֹוּ יָשׁוּבוּ,‎, or בוֺא שׁוּב,‎ (compare Dr§ 41 Obs.). On Ezekiel 13:3 see above

b. מִבִּלְתִּיan account of not... (negation of מִן‎ followed by infinitive): followed by infinitive Numbers 14:16 י יְכֹלֶת ׳מִבִּלְתִּי‎; a verbal noun Ezekiel 16:28 שָׂבְעָתֵךְ מִבִּלְתִּי‎.

c. עַדבִּֿלְתִּיuntil not..., followed by a perf. (Ges; RSJPh xvi. 72), or an infinitive (Ew§ 238 d), in the phrase (לָהֶם‎) שָׂרִיד הִשְׁאִירלֿוֺ עַדבִּֿלְתִּיuntil one left him (them) not a remnant, Numbers 21:35; Deuteronomy 3:3; Joshua 8:22; 10:33; 11:8; 2 Kings 10:11. — Job 14:12 שָׁמַיִם עַדבִּֿלְתִּיtill there be no heaven (compare עַדבְּֿלִיPsalm 72:7).