Word Summary
hystereō: to come late, be behind, come short
Original Word: ὑστερέω
Transliteration: hystereō
Phonetic Spelling: (hoos-ter-eh'-o)
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to come late, be behind, come short
Meaning: to come late, be behind, come short
Strong's Concordance
to lack, need

From husteros; to be later, i.e. (by implication) to be inferior; generally, to fall short (be deficient) -- come behind (short), be destitute, fail, lack, suffer need, (be in) want, be the worse.

see GREEK husteros

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 5302: ὑστερέω

ὑστερέω, ὑστερῶ; 1 aorist ὑστέρησα; perfect ὑστέρηκα; passive, present ὑστεροῦμαι; 1 aorist participle ὑστερηθείς; (ὕστερος);

1. Active, "to be ὕστερος i. e. behind; i. e.

a. to come late or too tardily" (so in secular authors from Herodotus down): Hebrews 4:1; to be left behind in the race and so fail to reach the goal, to fall short of the end; with ἀπό and the genitive indicating the end, metaphorically, fail to become a partaker: ἀπό τῆς χάριτος, Hebrews 12:15 (others render here fall back (i. e. away) from; cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 6 b.; Buttmann, 322f (276f) cf. § 132, 5) (Ecclesiastes 6:2).

b. to be inferior, in power, influence, rank, 1 Corinthians 12:24 (where L T Tr WH passive, ὑστερουμένῳ); in virtue, τί ἔτι ὑστερῶ; in what am I still deficient (A. V. what lack I yet (cf. Buttmann, § 131, 10)), Matthew 19:20 (Sir. 51:24; ἵνα γνῷ τί ὑστερῶ ἐγώ, Psalm 38:5 (); μηδ' ἐν ἄλλῳ μηδενί μέρει ἀρετῆς ὑστερουντας, Plato, de rep. 6, p. 484 d.); μηδέν or οὐδέν followed by a genitive (depending on the idea of comparison contained in the verb (Buttmann, § 132, 22)) of the person, to be inferior to (A. V. to be behind) another in nothing, 2 Corinthians 11:5; 2 Corinthians 12:11.

c. to fail, be lacking (Dioscorides (?) 5, 86): John 2:3 (not Tdf.); ἕν σοι (T WH Tr marginal reading σε (cf. Buttmann, as above)) ὑστερεῖ, Mark 10:21.

d. to be in want of, lack: with a genitive of the thing (Winer's Grammar, § 30, 6), Luke 22:35 (Josephus, Antiquities 2, 2, 1).

2. Passive to suffer want (Winer's Grammar, 260 (244)): Luke 15:14; 2 Corinthians 11:9 (8); Hebrews 11:37 (Sir. 11:11); opposed to περισσεύειν, to abound, Philippians 4:12; τίνος, to be devoid (R. V. fall short) of, Romans 3:23 (Diodorus 18, 71; Josephus, Antiquities 15, 6, 7); ἐν τίνι, to suffer want in any respect, 1 Corinthians 1:7, opposed to πλουτίζεσθαι ἐν τίνι, 1 Corinthians 1:5; to lack (be inferior) in excellence, worth, opposed to περισσεύειν (A. V. to be the worse ... the better), 1 Corinthians 8:8. (Compare: ἀφυστερέω.)