Word Summary
telōnēs: tax collector
Original Word: τελώνης
Transliteration: telōnēs
Phonetic Spelling: (tel-o'-nace)
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Short Definition: tax collector
Meaning: tax collector
Strong's Concordance
tax collector

From telos and oneomai; a tax-farmer, i.e. Collector of public revenue -- publican.

see GREEK telos

see GREEK oneomai

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 5057: τελώνης

τελώνης, τελωνου, (from τέλος ((which see 2)) tax, and ὠνέομαι to buy; cf. δημοσιώνης, ὀψώνης, δεκατωνης), from Aristophanes, Aeschines, Aristotle, Polybius down;

1. a renter or farmer of taxes (Latinpublicanus); among the Romans usually a man of equestrian rank.

2. a tax-gatherer, collector of taxes or tolls (Vulg.publicanus incorrectly: (so A. V. publican)), one employed by a publican or farmer-general in collecting the taxes. The tax-collectors were, as a class, detested not only by the Jews but by other nations also, both on account of their employment and of the harshness, greed, and deception, with which they prosecuted it; (hence, they are classed by Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 1, 23; 4, 57, with καπηλοις καί τοῖς μετά ἀναιδειας ζῶσι καί λῃσταῖς καί ζυγοκρουσταις καί παραλογισταις ἀνθρώποις; Lucian, necyom. c. 11 puts together μοιχοί, πορνοβοσκοι καί τελῶναι καί κολακες καί συκοφανται (Theophrastus, charact. 6 (περί ἀπονοίας) πανδοχευσαι, καί πορνοβοσκησαι, καί τελωνησαι)): Matthew 5:46, 47 Rec.; ; Luke 3:12; Luke 5:27, 29; Luke 7:29; Luke 18:10, 11, 13; the plural is joined with ἁμαρτωλοί, Matthew 9:10f; (); Mark 2:15; Luke 5:30; Luke 7:34; Luke 15:1; with πόρναι, Matthew 21:31f; ἐθνικός καί τελώνης, Matthew 18:17. Cf. Winers RWB, under the words, Zoll, Zöllner; (BB. DD., under the word ; Wetstein on Matthew 5:46; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, i. 515ff).