Word Summary
peinaō: to hunger, be hungry
Original Word: πεινάω
Transliteration: peinaō
Phonetic Spelling: (pi-nah'-o)
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to hunger, be hungry
Meaning: to hunger, be hungry
Strong's Concordance
be hungry

From the same as penes (through the idea of pinching toil; "pine"); to famish (absolutely or comparatively); figuratively, to crave -- be an hungered.

see GREEK penes

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 3983: πεινάω

πεινάω, πείνω, infinitive πεινᾶν (Philippians 4:12); future πεινάσω (Luke 6:25; Revelation 7:16); 1 aorist ἐπείνασα — for the earlier forms πεινην, πεινήσω, ἐπείνησα; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., pp. 61 and 204; Winers Grammar, § 13, 3 b.; (Buttmann, 37 (32); 44 (38)); see also διψάω; (from πεινᾷ hunger; (see πένης)); from Homer down; the Sept. for רָעֵב; to hunger, be hungry;

a. properly: Matthew 4:2; Matthew 12:1, 3; Matthew 21:18; Matthew 25:35, 37, 42, 44; Mark 2:25; Mark 11:12; Luke 4:2; Luke 6:3, 25; equivalent to to suffer want, Romans 12:20; 1 Corinthians 11:21, 34; to be needy, Luke 1:53; Luke 6:21; Philippians 4:12; in this same sense it is joined with δίψαν, 1 Corinthians 4:11; in figurative discourse, οὐ πεινᾶν καί οὐ δίψαν is used to describe the condition of one who is in need of nothing requisite for his real (spiritual) life and salvation, John 6:35; Revelation 7:16.

b. metaphorically, to crave ardently, to seek with eager desire: with the accusative of the thing, τήν δικαιοσύνην, Matthew 5:6 (in the better Greek authors with a genitive as χρημάτων, Xenophon, Cyril 8, 3, 39; συμμαχων, 7, 5, 50; ἐπαινου, oec. 13, 9; cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 10, b. at the end; (Buttmann, § 131, 4); Kuinoel on Matthew 5:6, and see διψάω, 2).