katabainō: to go downOriginal Word: καταβαίνωTransliteration:
(kat-ab-ah'-ee-no)Part of Speech:
to go downMeaning:
to go down
go down, come down
From kata and the base of basis; to descend (literally or figuratively) -- come (get, go, step) down, fall (down).
see GREEK kata
see GREEK basis
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 2597: καταβαίνωκαταβαίνω
; imperfect 3 person plural κατέβαινον
; future καταβήσομαι
; 2 aorist κατέβην
, imperative κατάβηθι
; Luke 19:5
; John 4:49
; Acts 10:20
) and κατάβα
(where L T Tr WH
)), see ἀναβαίνω
); perfect καταβέβηκα
; (from Homer
on); the Sept.
; to go down, come down, descend
1. of persons;
a. properly: absolutely, the place from which one has come down being evident from the context, καταβάς ἔστη, Luke 6:17 (cf. ); (followed here by an infinitive, so Matthew 24:17); Luke 19:5; John 5:7; Acts 20:10; Ephesians 4:10; followed by ἀπό with the genitive of the place, Matthew 8:1; Matthew 14:29; Matthew 17:9 Rec.; ; Mark 9:9 (L Tr marginal reading WH text ἐκ); ; by ἐκ with the genitive of place, Matthew 17:9 G L T Tr WH (see ἐκ, I. 3); by εἰς with the accusative of place, Mark 13:15 (R G L brackets Tr; others omit εἰς etc.); Acts 8:38; (Romans 10:7); Ephesians 4:9.
b. to come down, as from the temple at Jerusalem, from the city of Jerusalem; also of celestial beings coming down to earth: absolutely, Matthew 3:16; Luke 2:51; Luke 10:31; John 4:47, 49, 51; Acts (); ; (); ; followed by ἀπό with the genitive of the place, Mark 3:22; Luke 10:30; Acts 25:7; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, Matthew 28:2; John 1:32; John 3:13; John 6:33, 38 (R G; others ἀπό), 41f, 50f, 58 (on these passages cf. Buttmann, 297 (255)); Revelation 10:1; Revelation 18:1; Revelation 20:1, followed by εἰς with the accusative of place, Luke 10:30; Luke 18:14; John 2:12; Acts 7:15; Acts 14:25; Acts 16:8; Acts 18:22; Acts 25:6; by ἐπί with the accusative of place, John 6:16; with the accusative of the person; Mark 1:10 (R G L marginal reading); Luke 3:22; John 1:33, 51 (); by ἐν with dative of place, John 5:4 (R L) (see ἐν, I. 7); by πρός with the accusative of person, Acts 10:21; Acts 14:11; contextually equivalent to to be cast down, of the devil, Revelation 12:12.
2. of things, to come (i. e. be sent) down: Acts 10:11 (Rec. adds ἐπ' αὐτόν); ; followed by ἀπό with a genitive of person, James 1:17; ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἀπό τοῦ Θεοῦ, Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:2, 10; to come (i. e. fall) down: from the upper regions of the air; as βροχή, Matthew 7:25, 27; λαῖλαψ, Luke 8:23; πῦρ ἀπό (Lachmann ἐκ) τοῦ οὐρανοῦ Luke 9:54; ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ εἰς τήν γῆν, Revelation 13:13; ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἀπό τοῦ Θεοῦ, Revelation 20:9 (R G Tr); χάλαζα ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐπί τινα, Revelation 16:21; θρόμβοι ἐπί τήν γῆν, Luke 22:44 (L brackets WH reject the passage); of a way leading downward, Acts 8:26.
3. figuratively, καταβαίνειν ἕως ᾅδου, to (go i. e.) be cast down to the lowest state of wretchedness and shame: Matthew 11:23 L Tr WH; (Luke 10:15 WH text Tr marginal reading Compare: συγκαταβαίνω.)<1>