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1 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

2 But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

4 And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

5 And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

6 This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.

7 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.

9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.

13 The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.

14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

15 As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

17 Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

19 There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings.

20 And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?

21 Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?

22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.

23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.

24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.

25 Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.

26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.

30 I and my Father are one.

31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?

33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?

35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;

36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?

37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.

38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.

39 Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,

40 And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode.

41 And many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.

42 And many believed on him there.

Commentary for John 10

The parable of the good shepherd. (1-5) Christ the Door. (6-9) Christ the good Shepherd. (10-18) The Jews' opinion concerning Jesus. (19-21) His discourse at the feast of dedication. (22-30) The Jews attempt to stone Jesus. (31-38) He departs from Jerusalem. (39-42)1-5 Here is a parable or similitude, taken from the customs of the East, in the management of sheep. Men, as creatures depending on their Creator, are called the sheep of his pasture. The church of God in the world is as a sheep-fold, exposed to deceivers and persecutors. The great Shepherd of the sheep knows all that are his, guards them by his providence, guides them by his Spirit and word, and goes before them, as the Eastern shepherds went before their sheep, to set them in the way of his steps. Ministers must serve the sheep in their spiritual concerns. The Spirit of Christ will set before them an open door. The sheep of Christ will observe their Shepherd, and be cautious and shy of strangers, who would draw them from faith in him to fancies about him.

6-9 Many who hear the word of Christ, do not understand it, because they will not. But we shall find one scripture expounding another, and the blessed Spirit making known the blessed Jesus. Christ is the Door. And what greater security has the church of God than that the Lord Jesus is between it and all its enemies? He is a door open for passage and communication. Here are plain directions how to come into the fold; we must come in by Jesus Christ as the Door. By faith in him as the great Mediator between God and man. Also, we have precious promises to those that observe this direction. Christ has all that care of his church, and every believer, which a good shepherd has of his flock; and he expects the church, and every believer, to wait on him, and to keep in his pasture.

10-18 Christ is a good Shepherd; many who were not thieves, yet were careless in their duty, and by their neglect the flock was much hurt. Bad principles are the root of bad practices. The Lord Jesus knows whom he has chosen, and is sure of them; they also know whom they have trusted, and are sure of Him. See here the grace of Christ; since none could demand his life of him, he laid it down of himself for our redemption. He offered himself to be the Saviour; Lo, I come. And the necessity of our case calling for it, he offered himself for the Sacrifice. He was both the offerer and the offering, so that his laying down his life was his offering up himself. From hence it is plain, that he died in the place and stead of men; to obtain their being set free from the punishment of sin, to obtain the pardon of their sin; and that his death should obtain that pardon. Our Lord laid not his life down for his doctrine, but for his sheep.

19-21 Satan ruins many, by putting them out of conceit with the word and ordinances. Men would not be laughed out of their necessary food, yet suffer themselves thus to be laughed out of what is far more necessary. If our zeal and earnestness in the cause of Christ, especially in the blessed work of bringing his sheep into his fold, bring upon us evil names, let us not heed it, but remember our Master was thus reproached before us.

22-30 All who have any thing to say to Christ, may find him in the temple. Christ would make us to believe; we make ourselves doubt. The Jews understood his meaning, but could not form his words into a full charge against him. He described the gracious disposition and happy state of his sheep; they heard and believed his word, followed him as his faithful disciples, and none of them should perish; for the Son and the Father were one. Thus he was able to defend his sheep against all their enemies, which proves that he claimed Divine power and perfection equally with the Father.

31-38 Christ's works of power and mercy proclaim him to be over all, God blessed for evermore, that all may know and believe He is in the Father, and the Father in Him. Whom the Father sends, he sanctifies. The holy God will reward, and therefore will employ, none but such as he makes holy. The Father was in the Son, so that by Divine power he wrought his miracles; the Son was so in the Father, that he knew the whole of His mind. This we cannot by searching find out to perfection, but we may know and believe these declarations of Christ.

39-42 No weapon formed against our Lord Jesus shall prosper. He escaped, not because he was afraid to suffer, but because his hour was not come. And He who knew how to deliver himself, knows how to deliver the godly our of their temptations, and to make a way for them to escape. Persecutors may drive Christ and his gospel our of their own city or country, but they cannot drive him or it out of the world. When we know Christ by faith in our hearts, we find all that the Scripture saith of him is true.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for John 10

  • Vanessa on John 10
    the thief "satan" comes to kill and destroy he does not care about the sheep, In Christ we know His voice, we seek Him daily to make our paths straight, He did no blasphemy , He was speaking to the Jews back then referring to the laws, that spoke of His coming and they believed Him not, He would have spoken Blasphemy if he had called them gods because of their pride they denied him. Christ and only Christ could lay down his life for us all, He lay down His life not because He had to, He did it because He loves us, He is our bridegroom, we are His bride, let that Love sink in when you think your alone, He is there, He will never leave you nor forsake you, Just like a husband should be. Peace
  • Alex on John 10
    When we are bornagain of that heavenly seed we birth a new innerman which is the H.G. which is the very substance of God thats the man that cannot fallaway the H.G. I will turn my hand to the lil ones that Promise Child that has to be born in us via that good seed th word. BUT our old man is made white at repentence but he answers to the dog that returns to his vomit and the sow that returns to her mud Paul said sin revived and i died, thats the old man that returns to sin. We are involved in a warfare.SATAN SOWS a tare in us making us sin when we wd not,its not i that do it but sin that dwells in my members O wretched man that i am etc but there is no condemnation to them in CHRIST JESUS.
  • Fred Scanlan on John 10
    more than 1 shepherd kept flocks as herds.The porter is the one that controlled the gate, that kept all the herds when they were not in the field.The shepherd comes for His sheep.New sheep can get caught in the middle when its time to leave the herd, and miss leaving with there shepherd.After this happens a few times,the wise sheep learn, they will not get caught without Him. So far now,the shepherd is called the door. It is very important that you know that He is the door. Don't get lost in the herd?Imagine what it would be like getting lost in the darkness of the herd without your shepherd! Christ is the door. Remember the parable of the 10 virgins?LUKE 21:28 2/12/2020
  • RChee on John 10
    He's not saying we are gods.. he's asking in a sarcastic way..

    As if how we would say "Who died and made you boss?
  • Alex on John 10
    Addressed to Michael Hicks.Michael the very fact that you are worried about your salvation speaks volumes that God is moving on your heart. Jesus spoke of that 1 sheep that went astray saying he wd leave the 99 and go out and find that 1 sheep that went astray and my father and that gave them me is greater then all and no man can pluck them out of my Fathers hand. GBU MICHAEL
  • Ivy Jognson on John 10
    John 10:10: The thief cometh not, but to steal, and to kill, and to destroy I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. The abundant life is a term used to refer to Christian teachings of the Fulness of life. It is not an organization, movement, or a unique doctrine, but the name applied to the teachings and expectations of the groups, and people who follow the teachings of our Lord Jesus Christ. He only possesses, and will impart to us His abundant life.
  • Mary Stewart on John 10
    Jesus was quoting Isiaih who first said "ye are gods". We are all pieces of God and came out of God the first time we came to earth. I saw that in Christian Contemplation and Meditation which has been part of Christianity from the very beginning. Martin Luther practiced it and highly recommended it. Many saints, if not all, have practiced it as well as Catholics, Jewish Kabbalists and mystics.
  • Alex on John 10
    This is y i believe in osas, once saved always saved,i give unto them eternal life he was talking bout his sheep and they shall neva perish neither shall any man take them outa of my hands nor outa of my fathers hands,my father that gave them me is greater them all this is jesus himself preaching osas,if you are 1 of his sheep and his words cannot passaway and thats how we are bornagain his words.
  • Rebecca Dykes on John 10
    Jesus is the only true God!And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Matthew 1:21.For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 1st.timonthy 2:5.But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things and we by him
  • Teri on John 10
    Hello stan, yes we have been given the "right" to be called the sons of God! But, sticking with this chapter, read verse 35, unto whom the word of God came. We are in the sheepfold now, but we don t go around calling ourselves sons of God-do we? i am content to be a follower, a christian.


 

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For what reason did the Jews try to stone Jesus at the Feast of Dedication?
  • Blasphemy
  • Performing miracles on the Sabbath
  • False prophesying
  • Resisting arrest