Chapter 6

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1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.

2 Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;)

3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

4 And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.

5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;

6 Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;

7 With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men:

8 Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.

9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.

10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.

11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;

15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;

16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.

17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:

18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

19 And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,

20 For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

21 But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:

22 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.

23 Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. (To the Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.)

Commentary for Ephesians 6

The duties of children and parents. (1-4) Of servants and masters. (5-9) All Christians are to put on spiritual armour against the enemies of their souls. (10-18) The apostle desires their prayers, and ends with his apostolic blessing. (19-24)1-4 The great duty of children is, to obey their parents. That obedience includes inward reverence, as well as outward acts, and in every age prosperity has attended those distinguished for obedience to parents. The duty of parents. Be not impatient; use no unreasonable severities. Deal prudently and wisely with children; convince their judgements and work upon their reason. Bring them up well; under proper and compassionate correction; and in the knowledge of the duty God requires. Often is this duty neglected, even among professors of the gospel. Many set their children against religion; but this does not excuse the children's disobedience, though it may be awfully occasion it. God alone can change the heart, yet he gives his blessing to the good lessons and examples of parents, and answers their prayers. But those, whose chief anxiety is that their children should be rich and accomplished, whatever becomes of their souls, must not look for the blessing of God.

5-9 The duty of servants is summed up in one word, obedience. The servants of old were generally slaves. The apostles were to teach servants and masters their duties, in doing which evils would be lessened, till slavery should be rooted out by the influence of Christianity. Servants are to reverence those over them. They are to be sincere; not pretending obedience when they mean to disobey, but serving faithfully. And they must serve their masters not only when their master's eye is upon them; but must be strict in the discharge of their duty, when he is absent and out of the way. Steady regard to the Lord Jesus Christ will make men faithful and sincere in every station, not grudgingly or by constraint, but from a principle of love to the masters and their concerns. This makes service easy to them, pleasing to their masters, and acceptable to the Lord Christ. God will reward even the meanest drudgery done from a sense of duty, and with a view to glorify him. Here is the duty of masters. Act after the same manner. Be just to servants, as you expect they should be to you; show the like good-will and concern for them, and be careful herein to approve yourselves to God. Be not tyrannical and overbearing. You have a Master to obey, and you and they are but fellow-servants in respect to Christ Jesus. If masters and servants would consider their duties to God, and the account they must shortly give to him, they would be more mindful of their duty to each other, and thus families would be more orderly and happy.

10-18 Spiritual strength and courage are needed for our spiritual warfare and suffering. Those who would prove themselves to have true grace, must aim at all grace; and put on the whole armour of God, which he prepares and bestows. The Christian armour is made to be worn; and there is no putting off our armour till we have done our warfare, and finished our course. The combat is not against human enemies, nor against our own corrupt nature only; we have to do with an enemy who has a thousand ways of beguiling unstable souls. The devils assault us in the things that belong to our souls, and labour to deface the heavenly image in our hearts. We must resolve by God's grace, not to yield to Satan. Resist him, and he will flee. If we give way, he will get ground. If we distrust either our cause, or our Leader, or our armour, we give him advantage. The different parts of the armour of heavy-armed soldiers, who had to sustain the fiercest assaults of the enemy, are here described. There is none for the back; nothing to defend those who turn back in the Christian warfare. Truth, or sincerity, is the girdle. This girds on all the other pieces of our armour, and is first mentioned. There can be no religion without sincerity. The righteousness of Christ, imputed to us, is a breastplate against the arrows of Divine wrath. The righteousness of Christ implanted in us, fortifies the heart against the attacks of Satan. Resolution must be as greaves, or armour to our legs; and to stand their ground or to march forward in rugged paths, the feet must be shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace. Motives to obedience, amidst trials, must be drawn from a clear knowledge of the gospel. Faith is all in all in an hour of temptation. Faith, as relying on unseen objects, receiving Christ and the benefits of redemption, and so deriving grace from him, is like a shield, a defence every way. The devil is the wicked one. Violent temptations, by which the soul is set on fire of hell, are darts Satan shoots at us. Also, hard thoughts of God, and as to ourselves. Faith applying the word of God and the grace of Christ, quenches the darts of temptation. Salvation must be our helmet. A good hope of salvation, a Scriptural expectation of victory, will purify the soul, and keep it from being defiled by Satan. To the Christian armed for defense in battle, the apostle recommends only one weapon of attack; but it is enough, the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. It subdues and mortifies evil desires and blasphemous thoughts as they rise within; and answers unbelief and error as they assault from without. A single text, well understood, and rightly applied, at once destroys a temptation or an objection, and subdues the most formidable adversary. Prayer must fasten all the other parts of our Christian armour. There are other duties of religion, and of our stations in the world, but we must keep up times of prayer. Though set and solemn prayer may not be seasonable when other duties are to be done, yet short pious prayers darted out, always are so. We must use holy thoughts in our ordinary course. A vain heart will be vain in prayer. We must pray with all kinds of prayer, public, private, and secret; social and solitary; solemn and sudden: with all the parts of prayer; confession of sin, petition for mercy, and thanksgiving for favours received. And we must do it by the grace of God the Holy Spirit, in dependence on, and according to, his teaching. We must preserve in particular requests, notwithstanding discouragements. We must pray, not for ourselves only, but for all saints. Our enemies are mighty, and we are without strength, but our Redeemer is almighty, and in the power of his mighty we may overcome. Wherefore we must stir up ourselves. Have not we, when God has called, often neglected to answer? Let us think upon these things, and continue our prayers with patience.

19-24 The gospel was a mystery till made known by Divine revelation; and it is the work of Christ's ministers to declare it. The best and most eminent ministers need the prayers of believers. Those particularly should be prayed for, who are exposed to great hardships and perils in their work. Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith. By peace, understand all manner of peace; peace with God, peace of conscience, peace among themselves. And the grace of the Spirit, producing faith and love, and every grace. These he desires for those in whom they were already begun. And all grace and blessings come to the saints from God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Grace, that is, the favour of God; and all good, spiritual and temporal, which is from it, is and shall be with all those who thus love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity, and with them only.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Ephesians 6

  • Jim on Ephesians 6
    Inference to Ephesians chapter 6; Jesus told Peter that satan desire to sift you as wheat; to break you down. That's why we have to put on the whole armour of god.pray daily and ask God for strength. Ask God what to pray for; you have to pray for everyone. As the bible tell us to do ,we are all brothers and sisters in Christ. The role in life that we are to live, being a Christian is to take care of one another. Before Jesus ascended into heaven, he commanded all Christians to love one another. He didn't say go around and choose who you should love; but to love one another, that's everyone. Don't let satan choose your destiny for you. Repent and pray and turn back from your wicked w
  • Chris - in Reply on Ephesians 6:4
    Ann, if I could add here: you're an adult now, but bear in mind that your parents will always look at you as their 'little girl". Even if you were 60 yrs old & they were 90, you would be still considered in the same way. With that in mind, often parents fail to re-examine & revise their parental position & responsibilities when dealing with older, mature offsprings. Consider all the problems so many have with in-laws: it all boils down to, "I know what I'm doing, don't interfere in my family's matters".

    We sense your pain & frustration, even though you should accept that you are NOT insignificant to them, it's just that they fail to know exactly where to leave off their input to you & where their advice would really be needed by you. I'm sure you have valued their advice over the years, especially when you had your first child, but now you're feeling the pressure as their 'advice' still continues to swamp you unabatedly.

    As Adam has noted, we don't know all the circumstances involved here, but any advice given can only be of a general nature. I suggest that when they tell you what to do or how to bring up your kids, thank them for the advice & that you will take it away & give it due consideration (in this way, you are acknowledging their input & concern for you but you are the one who will take responsibility for the final decision).

    You will indeed need to consider their advice & be introspective & ask yourself whether they are right, even to some extent, or whether you need to change or do things differently, or if their advice was completely wrong. After due consideration, you can come back to them & relate how their advice has helped you, or how you have modified it, or in fact how you realize you could do things differently. What you are doing, is showing your appreciation for their concern & advice, yet demonstrating that YOU gave it due consideration & have made the decision & will act upon it. In this way, they & you will respect each other more.
  • Adam - in Reply on Ephesians 6:4
    It's likely they love you and don't show it in a way you prefer. Some parents care much, but show it in a way that can be perceived as overbearing and critical or disrespectful. They may not know they're actions can be viewed that way. So, if you want things to change I think one would need to take a risk and communicate exactly what words you perceive as offensive and be specific. "When I hear you say ______, I feel ____. Can you please not say that?" Go through each word one by one, not leaving anything out. If not in person then at least a letter. They probably aren't aware they're doing anything wrong, so I would at least make that 100% clear in specific detail what you want. If they don't know what you want they shouldn't be expected to do anything differently. Be aware of that they may also wish you'd change something and haven't said it either, so don't be surprised when asking them to change that they bring up something for you to change too. This is just an opinion from limited info. God bless you!
  • Cole - in Reply on Ephesians 6:4
    I don't think they're very toxic... Not saying they aren't but.. Maybe they're troubled inside. I pray that you find the answers to this. And I sure do pray that you find resolution to such an issue. In times like any.. Be sure to remain thankful to God as Job did. He will surely reward you.
  • Adam - in Reply on Ephesians 6:4
    Also take a look at Matthew 13:57 - Jesus had the same problem with his family not respecting him.
  • CLDR on Ephesians 6:14
    I sometimes pick up the Bible and just open it and read where it lands, tonight I was feeling very hopeless and scared, and it landed on 2 Corinthians 1 - 12. I felt it was God leading me to read those verses. They are speaking of this pandemic (metaphorically). It was such a spiritual feeling that came over me and took away my anxiety and fear.
  • Lugene on Ephesians 6:14
    What does he mean, "Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth"?
  • Chris - in Reply on Ephesians 6:14
    Jesse has given a great Truth there, that we are to STAND against the wiles (tricks, deception) of Satan. The picture here of course, is of a warrior ready for battle. You see the picture in your mind's eye: he may look an ordinary guy, just like someone you pass by on the street, but after he puts his armour on, he becomes formidable & terrifying to everyone. However, unlike the warrior so dressed for the physical battle, the picture is presented by the apostle Paul, that we are to be so dressed & equipped with spiritual weaponry, not against a human foe, but a spiritual one, who is far more powerful than we can ever hope to be on our own.

    As this spiritual battle constantly rages against Christians, we are told to be constantly fitted out (not ever changing into our casual clothing) as the enemy never rests & his attacks are relentless. So Paul envisions the warrior (he may have also got the idea when looking at the Roman soldiers that were around him), and he sees his armoury & relates this to that which Christians should also wear, but our armoury is for the purpose of spiritual warfare. Our head protection: helmet of salvation; our chest protection: breastplate of righteousness & shield of faith; our physical weapon, though not used for physical attack but for spiritual contact: sword of the Spirit (God's Word); our midriff to thighs: God's Truth; our feet: carrying out the Gospel of Peace. And there's more! As in hand to hand combat, combatants will voice their hatred or curse their opponent to unsettle him (a little like what happens on the football field), the Christian is to "pray with all prayer & supplication in the Spirit": no curses against Satan, but being in prayer & dependence on God's Power & skilfully using God's Word (Sword) against him. And we know, when God's Word is spoken, even Satan has to withdraw (Mt 4:1-11).
  • Jesse - in Reply on Ephesians 6:14

    This starts at Verse 11 where it says put on the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. Every one of these pieces of armor from Verse 11 to Verse 17 is Christ.

    It says put on the whole armor of God. And this is Aorist Tense which means do it one time. That's very important!

    Put on the whole armor of God. The purpose: that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. The word wiles in the Greek text is the word Methodea which means methods or schemes.

    And notice that all of this is to cause us to stand. Not to fight, but to stand. Why? Because our position is in Christ at the right hand of the throne of God in the spirit realm! We don't need to fight Satan because he's already been defeated.

    We are told in Verse 13 to take the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. Wherefore take unto you, (Aorist Tense), the whole armour of God, that you may be able to withstand, (and that's the word resist), in the evil day, and having done all, that is, after everything has been worked out, to stand. In other words, once the dust settles, you're still standing. Stand, not fight!

    So when we put on Christ, we put on the whole armor of God. It's a one-time deal, and the armor never comes off.
  • Felisha Reeves on Ephesians 6:17
    Is there a sunch thing as being haunted and so how do u know


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What allows you to 'stand against the wiles of the devil'?
  • the sword of righteousness
  • prayer
  • holy water
  • the armor of God