1 Timothy
Chapter 2

Commentary for 1 Timothy 2

Prayer to be made for all persons, since the grace of the gospel makes no difference of ranks or stations. (1-7) How men and women ought to behave, both in their religious and common life. (8-15)1-7 The disciples of Christ must be praying people; all, without distinction of nation, sect, rank, or party. Our duty as Christians, is summed up in two words; godliness, that is, the right worshipping of God; and honesty, that is, good conduct toward all men. These must go together: we are not truly honest, if we are not godly, and do not render to God his due; and we are not truly godly, if not honest. What is acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour, we should abound in. There is one Mediator, and that Mediator gave himself a ransom for all. And this appointment has been made for the benefit of the Jews and the Gentiles of every nation; that all who are willing may come in this way, to the mercy-seat of a pardoning God, to seek reconciliation with him. Sin had made a quarrel between us and God; Jesus Christ is the Mediator who makes peace. He is a ransom that was to be known in due time. In the Old Testament times, his sufferings, and the glory that should follow, were spoken of as things to be revealed in the last times. Those who are saved must come to the knowledge of the truth, for that is God's appointed way to save sinners: if we do not know the truth, we cannot be ruled by it.

8-15 Under the gospel, prayer is not to be confined to any one particular house of prayer, but men must pray every where. We must pray in our closets, pray in our families, pray at our meals, pray when we are on journeys, and pray in the solemn assemblies, whether more public or private. We must pray in charity; without wrath, or malice, or anger at any person. We must pray in faith, without doubting, and without disputing. Women who profess the Christian religion, must be modest in apparel, not affecting gaudiness, gaiety, or costliness. Good works are the best ornament; these are, in the sight of God, of great price. Modesty and neatness are more to be consulted in garments than elegance and fashion. And it would be well if the professors of serious godliness were wholly free from vanity in dress. They should spend more time and money in relieving the sick and distressed, than in decorating themselves and their children. To do this in a manner unsuitable to their rank in life, and their profession of godliness, is sinful. These are not trifles, but Divine commands. The best ornaments for professors of godliness, are good works. According to St. Paul, women are not allowed to be public teachers in the church; for teaching is an office of authority. But good women may and ought to teach their children at home the principles of true religion. Also, women must not think themselves excused from learning what is necessary to salvation, though they must not usurp authority. As woman was last in the creation, which is one reason for her subjection, so she was first in the transgression. But there is a word of comfort; that those who continue in sobriety, shall be saved in child-bearing, or with child-bearing, by the Messiah, who was born of a woman. And the especial sorrow to which the female sex is subject, should cause men to exercise their authority with much gentleness, tenderness, and affection.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 1 Timothy 2

  • Bob Grove on 1 Timothy 2
    1timothy 2v5 what a terrific verse , it certainly clarifies so much !
  • Onyekachukwu Ogechi Levinus Alaka on 1 Timothy 2:5
    There is one mediator, Christ. The Holy Spirit is referred to as the parakletos, the Comforter. It is the guide, leading us into all truth. Comforter means "one who goes alongside." If this were a personality, then one would begin to think that it is in a position somewhere between us and the Father. But the Bible makes o mention of anything of the kind. There is only one between us and God, and that One is the Son.

    This is similar in form to I Corinthians 11:3, which shows that, of the Deities above us, only One stands between us and God the Father, that is, God the Son. This means that not even the Holy Spirit, sent to us as a Comforter, is a mediator.

    If the Holy Spirit were God (equal to the Father and the Son), it would be an affront of the highest order to exclude "Him" from an intermediary role between us and the Father-especially when we consider that the Bible assigns us, mere human beings, an intercessory role between others and the Father. By prayer we are to intercede before the Father for one another, which is a form of mediation. We go to the Father in behalf of our brothers and sisters who are undergoing trial, difficulty, sickness, or whatever. The Holy Spirit is excluded from this role because it is not a personality, yet we are given it because we are personalities.
  • G S ALM on 1 Timothy 2:6
    In 1 Timothy 2:6 it says Ransom for all , the Greek word for ransom here corresponding ransom,

    question ,

    please explain corresponding to what. as a ransom here means equal amount so jesus life was equal to what. cant be to sinful man as Jesus was a perfect man
  • Jonatan - in Reply on 1 Timothy 2:4
    Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men. (1 Cor 7:23)

    For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. (Matt 26:28)
  • G S ALM - in Reply on 1 Timothy 2:4
    thank you for your reply , i don't think it answers my question, hope you dont mind if i askit again this way

    you say we were bought with a price but the translation says the cost was corresponding ransom,( price)

    was it the same imperfect price for imperfect people, or a greater price for imperfect people, corresponding to what.

    for instance , 1 ton weight in exchange for a 1 ton weight is a corresponding exchange, if jesus was perfect how could perfection be equal exchange for imperfection .
  • Jonatan - in Reply on 1 Timothy 2:4

    Look at the last part of this verse:

    Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

    1 Pet 2:22, Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:

    I guess it's like this, I'm a sinner, I deserve to die, Jesus did no sin, He paid the penalty for my sin when He died on the cross, I guess that's the same as He paid the ransom, so that a sinner like I could go free, He paid the price.

    God bless you.
  • Jonatan - in Reply on 1 Timothy 2:4
    I think maybe you think wrong about the word ransom, you can look it up in Webster's Dictionary from 1828. But some things are hard to understand, we need revelation from God. It's good that you're trying to understand, search and you'll find.
  • Christians Are The Ransomed - in Reply on 1 Timothy 2:4
    Isaiah 51:10

    Art thou not it which hath dried the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?

    Jeremiah 31:11

    For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.

    Hosea 13:14

    I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

    Matthew 20:28

    Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

    Mark 10:45

    For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

    1 Timothy 2:6

    Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
  • Tony on 1 Timothy 2:12
    If true Christians believe that the Bible does not contradict itself (especially important in the NT) and the Bible states in verses 11 & 12 "Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.", then why are there discussions about the subject?

    Paul even tells us why women shouldn't teach in verses 13 & 14, "For Adam was first formed, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression." He even takes it a step further in the next chapter where he describes the role of men and women both in the home and at church. The NT is remarkably consistent in the roles of men and women both at home and at church.

    I constantly hear, "Well, I believe " and "Women were not taught " and "We are all equal " and "We are all one " as justifications for women preachers. Sorry, but your beliefs will not get you saved. Neither will justifications, rationalizations and rectifying Biblical biases.

    The very second you begin altering the meaning of Biblical passages, you're wrong. The Bible is like a fine tapestry: Tug on one thread and it starts to unwind. Change the understanding on one verse and you change the meaning of a verse somewhere else - that's how perfectly interlocked the Bible is. When you change or misconstrue meanings or intentions of Bible verses, no matter how well intentioned you are, you are changing Jesus's Words and the Bible becomes flawed. When you see yourself challenging the Bible, pray to the Holy Ghost for guidance and understanding. May the peace of Jesus Christ be with you and yours.
  • Luke - in Reply on 1 Timothy 2:4
    Its because they like to ignore these little nuggets from 1 Corinthians 14

    36 What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only?

    37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.

    They conveniently look over where Paul says everything he wrote are commandments from God and that God told Paul what to write.


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What should Christians do for those in government authority?
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