1 Thessalonians
Chapter 5

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1 But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.

2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.

3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.

4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.

5 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.

6 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.

7 For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.

8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.

9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.

11 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.

12 And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;

13 And to esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake. And be at peace among yourselves.

14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.

15 See that none render evil for evil unto any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men.

16 Rejoice evermore.

17 Pray without ceasing.

18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.

19 Quench not the Spirit.

20 Despise not prophesyings.

21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.

22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.

23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

24 Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it.

25 Brethren, pray for us.

26 Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss.

27 I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren.

28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen. (The first epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.)

Commentary for 1 Thessalonians 5

The apostle exhorts to be always ready for the coming of Christ to judgment, which will be with suddenness and surprise. (1-11) He directs to several particular duties. (12-22) And concludes with prayer, greetings, and a blessing. (23-28)1-5 It is needless or useless to ask about the particular time of Christ's coming. Christ did not reveal this to the apostles. There are times and seasons for us to work in, and these are our duty and interest to know and observe; but as to the time when we must give up our account, we know it not, nor is it needful that we should. The coming of Christ will be a great surprise to men. Our Lord himself said so. As the hour of death is the same to each person that the judgment will be to mankind in general, so the same remarks answer for both. Christ's coming will be terrible to the ungodly. Their destruction will overtake them while they dream of happiness, and please themselves with vain amusements. There will be no means to escape the terror or the punishment of that day. This day will be a happy day to the righteous. They are not in darkness; they are the children of the light. It is the happy condition of all true Christians. But how many are speaking peace and safety to themselves, over whose heads utter destruction is hovering! Let us endeavour to awaken ourselves and each other, and guard against our spiritual enemies.

6-11 Most of mankind do not consider the things of another world at all, because they are asleep; or they do not consider them aright, because they sleep and dream. Our moderation as to all earthly things should be known to all men. Shall Christians, who have the light of the blessed gospel shining in their faces, be careless about their souls, and unmindful of another world? We need the spiritual armour, or the three Christian graces, faith, love, and hope. Faith; if we believe that the eye of God is always upon us, that there is another world to prepare for, we shall see reason to watch and be sober. True and fervent love to God, and the things of God, will keep us watchful and sober. If we have hope of salvation, let us take heed of any thing that would shake our trust in the Lord. We have ground on which to build unshaken hope, when we consider, that salvation is by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, to atone for our sins and to ransom our souls. We should join in prayer and praise one with another. We should set a good example one before another, and this is the best means to answer the end of society. Thus we shall learn how to live to Him, with whom we hope to live for ever.

12-15 The ministers of the gospel are described by the work of their office, which is to serve and honour the Lord. It is their duty not only to give good counsel, but also to warn the flock of dangers, and reprove for whatever may be amiss. The people should honour and love their ministers, because their business is the welfare of men's souls. And the people should be at peace among themselves, doing all they can to guard against any differences. But love of peace must not make us wink at sin. The fearful and sorrowful spirits, should be encouraged, and a kind word may do much good. We must bear and forbear. We must be long-suffering, and keep down anger, and this to all men. Whatever man do to us, we must do good to others.

16-22 We are to rejoice in creature-comforts, as if we rejoiced not, and must not expect to live many years, and rejoice in them all; but if we do rejoice in God, we may do that evermore. A truly religious life is a life of constant joy. And we should rejoice more, if we prayed more. Prayer will help forward all lawful business, and every good work. If we pray without ceasing, we shall not want matter for thanksgiving in every thing. We shall see cause to give thanks for sparing and preventing, for common and uncommon, past and present, temporal and spiritual mercies. Not only for prosperous and pleasing, but also for afflicting providences, for chastisements and corrections; for God designs all for our good, though we at present see not how they tend to it. Quench not the Spirit. Christians are said to be baptized with the Holy Ghost and with fire. He worketh as fire, by enlightening, enlivening, and purifying the souls of men. As fire is put out by taking away fuel, and as it is quenched by pouring water, or putting a great deal of earth upon it; so we must be careful not to quench the Holy Spirit, by indulging carnal lusts and affections, minding only earthly things. Believers often hinder their growth in grace, by not giving themselves up to the spiritual affections raised in their hearts by the Holy Spirit. By prophesyings, here understand the preaching of the word, the interpreting and applying the Scriptures. We must not despise preaching, though it is plain, and we are told no more than what we knew before. We must search the Scriptures. And proving all things must be to hold fast that which is good. We should abstain from sin, and whatever looks like sin, leads to it, and borders upon it. He who is not shy of the appearances of sin, who shuns not the occasions of it, and who avoids not the temptations and approaches to it, will not long keep from doing sin.

23-28 The apostle prays that they might be sanctified more perfectly, for the best are sanctified but in part while in this world; therefore we should pray for, and press toward, complete holiness. And as we must fall, if God did not carry on his good work in the soul, we should pray to God to perfect his work, till we are presented faultless before the throne of his glory. We should pray for one another; and brethren should thus express brotherly love. This epistle was to be read to all the brethren. Not only are the common people allowed to read the Scriptures, but it is their duty, and what they should be persuaded to do. The word of God should not be kept in an unknown tongue, but transplanted, that as all men are concerned to know the Scriptures, so they all may be able to read them. The Scriptures should be read in all public congregations, for the benefit of the unlearned especially. We need no more to make us happy, than to know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. He is an ever-flowing and an over-flowing fountain of grace to supply all our wants.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 1 Thessalonians 5

  • CleanWaterDelta on 1 Thessalonians 5:18
    You will find strength to do the impossible when you give thanks
  • Onyekachukwu Ogechi Levinus Alaka on 1 Thessalonians 5:9
    Verse 9 God chose all those who have come to believe in the Lord Jesus. He chose them so that they would escape his anger when he judges the people of the world. He chose them to benefit from what the Lord Jesus has done. The Lord Jesus has suffered the anger of God for all that they have done wrong. So, as they accept this by believing in the Lord Jesus, they are free from God's anger. The Lord Jesus has saved them from that anger and from the judgement of God. But more than that, God will raise them up to live again after they have died. So, they will live again with the Lord Jesus and with God forever lasting. Amen.
  • Mishael on 1 Thessalonians 5:4
    Romans Chapter 1

    Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,

    Backbiters, HATERS of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

    Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, UNMERCIFUL,

    Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
  • Greg Stinson on 1 Thessalonians 5:4
    Explain the parable of the fig tree. We are commanded to learn it
  • Jesse - in Reply on 1 Thessalonians 5:4

    Matthew 24:32-36 gives us the Parable of the Fig Tree. The fig tree is used in the Old Testament as representing Israel. It is found in Joel 1:7, Hosea 9:10, and Jeremiah Chapter 24, where Israel is said to be a fig tree.

    I find it interesting that in Luke's account, given in Luke 13:6-7, Jesus says "A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?

    It is interesting that the three-year period for bearing fruit is also the time of Jesus' ministry. Isaiah Chapter 5 tells us that the vineyard is a symbol and represents the nation Israel. In fact, that's the Song of the Vineyard in the book of Isaiah. For 3 years He's been ministering, and no fruit, but we'll let it go just a little bit longer and then if no fruit, it will be cut down.

    What is also interesting is that Matthew 21:18-22 gives us the punishment of the fig tree. Jesus came to the city and He was hungry. And Matthew 21:19 says He came to the fig tree and it only had leaves on it. There was no fruit, just leaves.

    I'm not sure if you know the process of the fig tree, but unlike other fruit trees where the leaves come before the fruit, figs grow on the tree before the leaves. But Jesus comes to this fig tree that had leaves and no fruit. There should have been fruit. Can you see how this parable speaks about Jesus coming to minister to His people Israel for three years, expecting that after three years there would be some fruit bearing, but found none?
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on 1 Thessalonians 5:4
    The fig tree was the symbol of Judah and the tree after Jesus bore NO FRUIT.

    Q: Did Jesus take the Kingdom of God from the Jews?

    A: Matthew 21:43 - Therefore say I (Jesus speaking to the Jews) unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

    Maybe that is why the new testament was written in Greek and not Hebrew. Greece spread the gospel all over Eastern Europe.

    Adam and Eve made aprons of fig leaves Genesis 3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

    Jeremiah Chapter 24: 5 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Like these good figs, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good.

    6 For I will set mine eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this land: and I will build them, and not pull [them] down; and I will plant them, and not pluck [them] up.

    7 And I will give them an heart to know me, that I [am] the LORD: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart.

    8 And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so evil; surely thus saith the LORD, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and them that dwell in the land of Egypt: (evil figs compared to wicked Judah)

    9 And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth for [their] hurt, [to be] a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them.

    Matthew 21:19 And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.

    Judaism without the Messiah is a dead fruitless tree.
  • Parable of the FIG TREE - in Reply on 1 Thessalonians 5:4
    Matthew 24

    32 Now learn A PARABLE of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh:

    33 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.

    34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.

    35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

    36 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

    37 But as the days of Noe (Noah)were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

    38 For as in the days that were before the

    flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,

    39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

    40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

    41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

    42 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.

    ***The parable is that do not underestimate time and timing. Jesus is returning for His church: the Bride of Christ. (another parable)

    It's not going to be delayed. That is not Gods way. Like Noah's generation: we are to be inside the ARK ready to go with Jesus. He's coming as a thief in the night. Society is going to be darkened in sin. Jesus is going to come and snatch us away.

    Irrevocably, the door will be closed.

    Your soul and spirit should be achingly awake and in high anticipation of Jesus catching up the Bride of Christ, IN THE CLOUDS. There's going to be a shout and the trump (trumpet) of God. In less than a eyeblink we will be gone all over the globe, in every nation and every Christian who had died in Him (believing for salvation).

    You must be born again & be baptized by the HOLY SPIRIT. Ask for Him to fill you now! 1 John 1
  • Comment by alex on exodus 15 and 16 when ya think about the godhead the trinity always think about abraham issac, and jacob, thats y he told moses that his name was abraham issac and jacob,and my memorial to all generations,thus his kingdom is a type of the abrahamic trinity 3 distinct beings father son and granson,without this abrahamic type godhead there wd have neva been a nation of israel.thats what abraham means exaulted father, abraham offered up his only son isaac just as god the father offered up his only son jesus.that ram caught in the thicket by his horns was a type of christ and his crown of thorns.thus we see the godhead in abraham issac and jacob, father son and granson that will result in an israel of god a heavenly trinity thats y jesus is saying that which is born of the spirit is spirit impling a heavenly jacob the granson that is gonna be multiplied as the stars of heaven,isaiah 49 talks of a heavenly jacob which is the h.g. a spritual jacob which is the israel of god,remember it was jacobs name that was changed to israel and jacob was the granson in the abrahamic trinity. actually its god the father that wants a posterity and jesus was just the 1st born of many brethren.its god the father that wants to be multiplied as the stars of heaven,thats y he swore by his very self when he made that promise to abraham about multiplication thus the sower and his precious seed the word of god to whom th word came ( his seed ) it made them gods thus an israel of god in the last day.
  • Pastor inviting evangelist who lift up Calvinist in pulpit preaching a damnable doctrine
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on 1 Thessalonians 5:22
    Dwight - by calling someone a Calvinist with a damnable doctrine I am guessing you are referring to the doctrine of election. I have read very little of Calvin and do not follow him as I follow Jesus. However I ask you this question.

    Why is it when people refer to the great majority of unbelieving Christ denying Jews they are called the chosen people or the elect?

    When speaking about Christians believing they are the elect of God or the chosen people all of a sudden it becomes a heresy? Why is that?

    How can unbelieving Jews be the chosen people, the elect, be perfectly acceptable doctrine?

    Did the apostles pick Jesus or did Jesus pick the apostles?

    John 15:16, "Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you..."

    1 Peter 2:9, "But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:"

    2 Peter 1:10, "Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:" Yes I know the Bible also says whosoever will.

    1 Thessalonians 1:4, "Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God."


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What did Paul ask for when he prayed for the people of Thessalonica?
  • More wealth.
  • To send them more food
  • He asked God to be part of their lives.
  • Long life for all.