Zechariah
Chapter 7

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1 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Darius, that the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah in the fourth day of the ninth month, even in Chisleu;

2 When they had sent unto the house of God Sherezer and Regemmelech, and their men, to pray before the LORD,

3 And to speak unto the priests which were in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years?

4 Then came the word of the LORD of hosts unto me, saying,

5 Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me?

6 And when ye did eat, and when ye did drink, did not ye eat for yourselves, and drink for yourselves?

7 Should ye not hear the words which the LORD hath cried by the former prophets, when Jerusalem was inhabited and in prosperity, and the cities thereof round about her, when men inhabited the south and the plain?

8 And the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah, saying,

9 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:

10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.

11 But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

12 Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts.

13 Therefore it is come to pass, that as he cried, and they would not hear; so they cried, and I would not hear, saith the LORD of hosts:

14 But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.

Commentary for Zechariah 7

The captives' inquiry respecting fasting. (1-7) Sin the cause of their captivity. (8-14)1-7 If we truly desire to know the will of God in doubtful matters, we must not only consult his word and ministers, but seek his direction by fervent prayer. Those who would know God's mind should consult God's ministers; and, in doubtful cases, ask advice of those whose special business it is to search the Scriptures. The Jews seemed to question whether they ought to continue their fasts, seeing that the city and temple were likely to be finished. The first answer to their inquiry is a sharp reproof of hypocrisy. These fasts were not acceptable to God, unless observed in a better manner, and to better purpose. There was the form of duty, but no life, or soul, or power in it. Holy exercises are to be done to God, looking to his word as our rule, and his glory as our end, seeking to please him and obtain his favour; but self was the centre of all their actions. And it was not enough to weep on fast days; they should have searched the Scriptures of the prophets, that they might have seen what was the ground of God's controversy with their fathers. Whether people are in prosperity or adversity, they must be called upon to leave their sins, and to do their duty.

8-14 God's judgements upon Israel of old for their sins, were written to warn Christians. The duties required are, not keeping fasts and offering sacrifices, but doing justly and loving mercy, which tend to the public welfare and peace. The law of God lays restraint upon the heart. But they filled their minds with prejudices against the word of God. Nothing is harder than the heart of a presumptuous sinner. See the fatal consequences of this to their fathers. Great sins against the Lord of hosts, bring great wrath from his power, which cannot be resisted. Sin, if regarded in the heart, will certainly spoil the success of prayer. The Lord always hears the cry of the broken-hearted penitent; yet all who die impenitent and unbelieving, will find no remedy or refuge from miseries which while here they despised and defied, but which they then will not be able to bear.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Zechariah 7

  • BSP
    Verse 9: We want to deal with one another with true justice, but at the same time we must be merciful with one another.
  • A disciple
    "Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: and oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart." To those who tell you that you sin every day, WHICH COMMANDMENT is it exactly, that you can't help but break? Murder? Adultery? Lying? Serving idols? Who is the accuser?
  • Gilbert Pst.
    Zechariah 7. Lessons derived : Is not all about how long
  • Tim George
    Zechariah is told to speak to the priest, the prophets, and all the people to execute true judgment, mercy, and compassion to their fellow man. Nevertheless, they turned a cold shoulder to the word of the Lord, and God dispensed them into the other Gentile kingdoms for their disobedience. The widows, the fatherless, the alien, and the poor need justice, but they were being exploited, and this broke the heart of God. We are seeing the same things being done today. We must do justice, love mercy, and walk humble before our God, to be pleasing in His sight.
  • Miley
    I still need more clarification on the meaning of this chapter
  • Anonymous
    Lord God in Heaven, Your Word will stand forever!! Amen. Give us to accept The Blood of Your Only Begotten Son, Jesus Christ, that we may walk in obedience to Your Will and not ours.
  • Annette Okereke
    It is actually all about obeying God. Disobedience is an act of rebellion and God will not hear us when we call upon HIM. It must be a terrible thing for God not to hearken to our petitions or intervene on our behalf because of our stubbornness; total alienation, darkness and pathetic. Fasting, mourning on the 5th and 7th month, even for 70 years were all wasteful due to disobedience.. God help us to be completely sold out for you, mold and make us unto your will... that our lives will bring you praise and honor in the land of the living...Amen.
  • Priscilla
    Its not about fasting its about being obedient to God,ooh God of mercy help me this day to be obedient to u i pray in Jesus.

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Bible Trivia

The prophet Zechariah delivered God's message to Judah's people to not oppress certain groups, but which group did he not mention?
  • Widows
  • Fatherless
  • Alien
  • Poor
  • Childless