Song of Solomon
Chapter 1

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The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.

3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.

4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

5 I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

6 Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.

7 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?

8 If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.

10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.

11 We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.

12 While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.

13 A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.

14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

15 Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.

16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.

17 The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

Commentary for Song of Solomon 1

This book is a Divine allegory, which represents the love between Christ and his church of true believers, under figures taken from the relation and affection that subsist between a bridegroom and his espoused bride; an emblem often employed in Scripture, as describing the nearest, firmest, and most sure relation: see #Ps 45; Isa 54:5,6; 62:5; Jer 2:2; 3:1|; also in Ezekiel, Hosea, and by our Lord himself, #Mt 9:15; 25:1|: see also #Re 21:2,9; Eph 5:27|. There is no character in the church of Christ, and no situation in which the believer is placed, but what may be traced in this book, as humble inquirers will find, on comparing it with other Scriptures, by the assistance of God the Holy Spirit, in answer to their supplications. Much, however, of the language has been misunderstood by expositors and translators. The difference between the customs and manners of Europe, and those of the East, must especially be kept in view. The little acquaintance with eastern customs possessed by most of our early expositors and translators, has in many cases prevented a correct rendering. Also, the changes in our own language, during the last two or three centuries, affect the manner in which some expressions are viewed, and they must not be judged by modern notions. But the great outlines, rightly interpreted, fully accord with the affections and experience of the sincere Christian.The title. (1) The church confesses her deformity. (2-6) The church beseeches Christ to lead her to the resting-place of his people. (7,8) Christ's commendation of the church, Her esteem for Him. (9-17)1 This is "the Song of songs," excellent above any others, for it is wholly taken up with describing the excellences of Christ, and the love between him and his redeemed people.

2-6 The church, or rather the believer, speaks here in the character of the spouse of the King, the Messiah. The kisses of his mouth mean those assurances of pardon with which believers are favoured, filling them with peace and joy in believing, and causing them to abound in hope by the power of the Holy Ghost. Gracious souls take most pleasure in loving Christ, and being loved of him. Christ's love is more valuable and desirable than the best this world can give. The name of Christ is not now like ointment sealed up, but like ointment poured forth; which denotes the freeness and fulness of the setting forth of his grace by the gospel. Those whom he has redeemed and sanctified, are here the virgins that love Jesus Christ, and follow him whithersoever he goes, #Re 14:4|. They entreat him to draw them by the quickening influences of his Spirit. The more clearly we discern Christ's glory, the more sensible shall we be that we are unable to follow him suitably, and at the same time be more desirous of doing it. Observe the speedy answer given to this prayer. Those who wait at Wisdom's gate, shall be led into truth and comfort. And being brought into this chamber, our griefs will vanish. We have no joy but in Christ, and for this we are indebted to him. We will remember to give thanks for thy love; it shall make more lasting impressions upon us than any thing in this world. Nor is any love acceptable to Christ but love in sincerity, #Eph 6:24|. The daughters of Jerusalem may mean professors not yet established in the faith. The spouse was black as the tents of the wandering Arabs, but comely as the magnificent curtains in the palaces of Solomon. The believer is black, as being defiled and sinful by nature, but comely, as renewed by Divine grace to the holy image of God. He is still deformed with remains of sin, but comely as accepted in Christ. He is often base and contemptible in the esteem of men, but excellent in the sight of God. The blackness was owing to the hard usage that had been suffered. The children of the church, her mother, but not of God, her Father, were angry with her. They had made her suffer hardships, which caused her to neglect the care of her soul. Thus, under the emblem of a poor female, made the chosen partner of a prince, we are led to consider the circumstances in which the love of Christ is accustomed to find its objects. They were wretched slaves of sin, in toil, or in sorrow, weary and heavy laden, but how great the change when the love of Christ is manifested to their souls!

7,8 Observe the title given to Christ, O Thou whom my soul loveth. Those that do so, may come to him boldly, and may humbly plead with him. Is it with God's people a noon-time of outward troubles, inward conflicts? Christ has rest for them. Those whose souls love Jesus Christ, earnestly desire to share in the privileges of his flock. Turning aside from Christ is what gracious souls dread more than anything else. God is ready to answer prayer. Follow the track, ask for the good old way, observe the footsteps of the flock, look what has been the practice of godly people. Sit under the direction of good ministers; beside the tents of the under shepherds. Bring thy charge with thee, they shall all be welcome. It will be the earnest desire and prayer of the Christian, that God would so direct him in his worldly business, and so order his situation and employment, that he may have his Lord and Saviour always before him.

9-17 The Bridegroom gives high praises of his spouse. In the sight of Christ believers are the excellent of the earth, fitted to be instruments for promoting his glory. The spiritual gifts and graces which Christ bestows on every true believer, are described by the ornaments then in use, ver. #10,11|. The graces of the saints are many, but there is dependence upon each other. He who is the Author, will be the Finisher of the good work. The grace received from Christ's fulness, springs forth into lively exercises of faith, affection, and gratitude. Yet Christ, not his gifts, is most precious to them. The word translated "camphire," signifies "atonement or propitiation." Christ is dear to all believers, because he is the propitiation for their sins. No pretender must have his place in the soul. They resolved to lodge him in their hearts all the night; during the continuance of the troubles of life. Christ takes delight in the good work which his grace has wrought on the souls of believers. This should engage all who are made holy, to be very thankful for that grace which has made those fair, who by nature were deformed. The spouse (the believer) has a humble, modest eye, discovering simplicity and godly sincerity; eyes enlightened and guided by the Holy Spirit, that blessed Dove. The church expresses her value for Christ. Thou art the great Original, but I am but a faint and imperfect copy. Many are fair to look at, yet their temper renders them unpleasant: but Christ is fair, yet pleasant. The believer, ver. #16|, speaks with praise of those holy ordinances in which true believers have fellowship with Christ. Whether the believer is in the courts of the Lord, or in retirement; whether following his daily labours, or confined on the bed of sickness, or even in a dungeon, a sense of the Divine presence will turn the place into a paradise. Thus the soul, daily having fellowship with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, enjoys a lively hope of an incorruptible, undefiled, and unfading inheritance above.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Song of Solomon 1

  • David Byrd on Song of Solomon 1:5
    What color was jesus skin
  • Bob Hilt - in Reply on Song of Solomon 1:5
    Revelation 1:14 - His (Jesus) HEAD head and his hairs were WHITE white like wool, as WHITE white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; 15 And his feet like unto fine brass,

    (Brass is made of copper which is REDDISH GOLDEN BROWN) as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.

    ....eyes were as a flame of fire; (ever see a flame of a gas stove? the flame is blue oftentimes)
  • Stanjett - in Reply on Song of Solomon 1:5
    Does it really matter? Jesus was born a Jew, so more than likely He had a olive skin tone.
  • Josephj on Song of Solomon 1:1
    how can i develop the consciousness of the presence of the Holy Spirit and how do i cultivate intense fellowship with Him
  • Chris - in Reply on Song of Solomon 1:1
    Joseph, if I could add to those excellent advice given by Hogan, on spending time with the Lord in prayer & in His Word.

    As we walk out into a new day armed with the Word & the richness of a prayer time with your Father, we must seek out opportunities that will allow the Spirit of God to move amongst others. We know that the Holy Spirit moves over many hearts to "reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgement" (Jn 16:8), but He mostly works through us who have experienced forgiveness of sins & have a new hope & new life.

    So whether you're at work, doing some shopping, meeting someone on the street, or even offering help to an elderly/infirm/needy person, ask the Spirit of God to use you to show forth the Love & Grace of God & to share the Word of God that you've been studying, to others. As you serve Him, even in a small way, you will know in your heart, by the witness of the Spirit, that the ministry you've just done was only because of Him being in you & working through you, for GOD'S GLORY only. Now, if that isn't a great confirmation of the indwelling Holy Spirit - and you will increase in your faith & can expect greater things from God.
  • Hogan - in Reply on Song of Solomon 1:1
    Spending time in the Word of God is spending time with Christ. He is the Word (see John 1:1). For me, I experience his presence which leads to prayer. I gather scriptures that I desire to pray to him about because I know he honors his Word and I know that I'm praying his will. I recommend reading the Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Afterwards Read Acts chapter 1 and 2. Do this every day, devote quite time with him, listen for him. In this reading you will come to know about Jesus Christ, his passion, his heart, and feel his love. Get ready to enjoy reading the Word of God, enjoying his presence and experiencing intimacy with him. You're on the right path of desiring an intense relationship with him for the Word promises if you seek him, you will find him! God bless you and I'm so happy for you. His Love is wonderful, Christ is wonderful and his presence and spirit is amazing! He is the best thing that has ever happened to me. He gives me confidence, love, peace, strength, joy, comfort, hope and security. He has changed my life and has changed me. I will never be the same and don't want to be. If I can share a song with you it would be this: He's sweet I know, oh He's sweet I know. Storm clouds may rise, strong winds may blow. I'll tell the world, wherever I go. That I've found a savior and he's sweet I know.
  • LINDA CAN - in Reply on Song of Solomon 1:1
    In my early walk with the Holy Spirit I found Him to be faithful. It was when I stop reading my Bible and stop spending time with Him. This is what I found out, it was me. I stopped calling on Jesus and seeking His presence. James 5"Draw nigh to me an I will draw near to you."nkjv Jeremiah also speaks on this chpt. 29:12-4. When I did the presence of God became so wonderful again.
  • Mishael on Song of Solomon 1:1
    You're right. What do creation studies have to do with people being born again and following Jesus.

    Millions of people may be dying without Jesus as their Saviour.

    Be blessed.
  • Marie pilgrim on Song of Solomon 1:1
    Can Someone Please Comment,Explain 2 Esdras 16:69 ? Bless you Really Perilous Times were in..
  • Dolly ANDERSON on Song of Solomon 1:1
    In my King James Version Bible, the Book of Solomon is found. In my new Southern Baptist Sunday School book, it is called Song of Songs. When did this happen?? Never heard it called Song of Songs!! I don't like anything changed when it come to GOD'S WORD!!!


 

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Who is attributed as the author of the Song of Songs?
  • David
  • John
  • Solomon
  • Paul