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1 Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee?

2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor.

3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.

4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do.

5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.

6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.

7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.

8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet.

9 And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman.

10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich.

11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman.

12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I.

13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.

14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.

15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.

16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.

17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law.

18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.

Commentary for Ruth 3

The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. (14-18)1-5 The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. Therefore it should be engaged in with great seriousness, with earnest prayers for direction, for the blessing of God, and with regard to his precepts. Parents should carefully advise their children in this important concern, that it may be well with them as to their souls. Be it always remembered, That is best for us which is best for our souls. The course Naomi advised appears strange to us; but it was according to the laws and usages of Israel. If the proposed measure had borne the appearance of evil, Naomi would not have advised it. Law and custom gave Ruth, who was now proselyted to the true religion, a legal claim upon Boaz. It was customary for widows to assert this claim, #De 25:5-10|. But this is not recorded for imitation in other times, and is not to be judged by modern rules. And if there had been any evil in it, Ruth was a woman of too much virtue and too much sense to have listened to it.

6-13 What in one age or nation would be improper, is not always so in another age or another nation. Being a judge of Israel, Boaz would tell Ruth what she should do; also whether he had the right of redemption, and what methods must be taken, and what rites used, in order to accomplishing her marriage with him or another person. The conduct of Boaz calls for the highest praise. He attempted not to take advantage of Ruth; he did not disdain her as a poor, destitute stranger, nor suspect her of any ill intentions. He spoke honourably of her as a virtuous woman, made her a promise, and as soon as the morning arrived, sent her away with a present to her mother-in-law. Boaz made his promise conditional, for there was a kinsman nearer than he, to whom the right of redemption belonged.

14-18 Ruth had done all that was fit for her to do, she must patiently wait the event. Boaz, having undertaken this matter, would be sure to manage it well. Much more reason have true believers to cast their care on God, because he has promised to care for them. Our strength is to sit still, #Isa 30:7|. This narrative may encourage us to lay ourselves by faith at the feet of Christ: He is our near Kinsman; having taken our nature upon him. He has the right to redeem. Let us seek to receive from him his directions: Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? #Ac 9:6|. He will never blame us as doing this unseasonably. And let us earnestly desire and seek the same rest for our children and friends, that it may be well with them also.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Ruth 3

  • James brooks on Ruth 3:15
    Hi Chris,you said that our Heaven Father gives us all that David received,I believe that as well.But is He giving us far more?He gave us a sure salvation through His Unique Son.Don,t you think that David was granted salvation through that same Unique Son,as well as us?David was after GOD,S own heart, he was GOD,S choice.I believe that David was saved by the same Jesus that saved Me.God graciously promised that one day Christ would come into the world as a Lamb foreordained before the foundation of the world(1 peter 1:19-20)I think will bring clarity to what i,m trying to say.By faith Abraham was credited as righteousness.all who has faith in Abraham is Abraham,s children.Grace and truth came by JESUS CHRIST.Jesus did say;before Abraham was, I AM.He is the same savior.GOD our savior,Jesus Christ our LORD and savior,the redeemer and keeper of our souls.What a mystery!
  • Chris - in Reply on Ruth 3:15
    James, I just can't place my comment & your comment is not connected to a thread, so I just don't know the context that I wrote in. But I do agree with your comments that we have received much, much more through the Lord Jesus Christ.

    You wrote: "Don't you think that David was granted salvation through that same Unique Son, as well as us?". Ultimately, Yes, but in biblical chronology, No. David, as all of Israel unto the coming of Christ, were subject to the obedience of God's Laws as declared to them which included the sacrificial system. They all would have been judged by the law & condemned for their disobedience to it (as they could never keep it). Thus in Scripture we get a glimpse of where the 'righteous dead & the unrighteous dead' go to prior to the crucifixion & resurrection of Jesus (Lk 16:19 ff). Here we see that dead Abraham was already in Paradise (not Heaven), a great gulf between the 'righteous dead', & others who suffered in Hades. So, it must be assumed that if Abraham was there, then so was David & others the Lord deemed were righteous but unsaved through the Law. So how does one distinguish between the two?

    In Heb 11, we get a glimpse of not only some of those who were deemed 'righteous' (e.g. Abel, Enoch, etc.), but that their 'waiting in Paradise' after their death was substantiated, not by their keeping of the Law, but by their faith in God to bring them through to Himself despite the Law's judgement against them (Heb 11:2, 13-16, 39, 40). Their faith served as a catalyst (a looking forward) to the full & proper payment for their sins, even though they were in ignorance to the perfect Sacrifice to come for them. So, when Christ rose from the grave, so all who died when once they lived in an active faith, were raised also to be justified through faith, as Jesus resurrection was for that purpose for them & to all who come in like faith now to Him. I realize that you're probably have this also in mind, but thought to share my understanding.
  • Mishael on Ruth 3:15
    There are plenty of people coming into Prayer Request room that could use some ministry. Take all that frustration with the virus conversations and comfort Christians who are hurting.
  • Velta gilbert on Ruth 3:15
    who in the bible other than Jesus has gone to heaven and told about it.

    has anyone of today told about going and came back
  • Mishael - in Reply on Ruth 3:15
    There are people who have died and went to heaven and came back with testimonies. Called NDE's. (Near death experiences)

    You can google it or go on YouTube. I've heard of some on the 700 Club's program.

    Society tries to shout them down claiming that it's brain death responses.

    The people testifying of it don't see it that way at all.

    Also, remember that old movie, Flatliners, is just that: a movie built around a script someone wrote. Same thing for that movie: What Dreams May Come. Entertainment.

    The Bible tells only one recorded testimony: the one about Jesus being crucified for our sins and being resurrected after 3 days!! Being physically witnessed by hundreds of people. There was no doubt that there was no body in his burial place.

    If you know someone dying you need to get over there and lead them to believe on Jesus. Be brave. The Holy Spirit will enable you.
  • Keith on Ruth 3:15
    how much barley (measure) Ruth 3:15
  • Chris - in Reply on Ruth 3:15
    This weight measurement in Ruth 3:15 has its connection to a 'Seah' in Hebrew. But because of a seah's greater weight (2.5 gallons) for Ruth to be able to carry, it is understood that an Omer should be used in this context. So according to that, six omers would be equivalent to about 4.5 gallons of equivalent weight.
  • Irene Allen on Ruth 3
    I am not happy with how some portray Ruth as prostituting herself for food. that's so unfair. Before putting her down why don't we try reading Deuteronomy 25:5----. Read and learn facts.
  • Chris - in Reply on Ruth 3
    Irene, I think that some portray Ruth in that light, simply by the way she went about making herself known to Boaz. In the Deut. reference, the act appeared more lawful as the brother-in-law takes on the duty & responsibility to care for the widow & have his brother's name continue. Whereas in Ruth's case, even though Boaz was a near kinsman & had the right to marry her if he wished, her presence near him at night startled him, but he also knew the good intentions in her act. So, I agree with you, that Ruth shouldn't be seen in a bad light, but as an indicator to Boaz that she would like him to take on the responsibility of care.
  • BSP on Ruth 3
    Verse 5~Ruth had deep respect for her mother-in-law and she showed it by her words and actions.


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What did Boaz give Ruth to take to her mother-in-law?
  • Five measures of corn
  • Six measures of barley
  • Seven measures of wheat
  • Six measures of grain