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1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.

2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:

4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.

5 Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.

7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.

8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

11 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.

12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.

14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

Commentary for Romans 13

The duty of subjection to governors. (1-7) Exhortations to mutual love. (8-10) To temperance and sobriety. (11-14)1-7 The grace of the gospel teaches us submission and quiet, where pride and the carnal mind only see causes for murmuring and discontent. Whatever the persons in authority over us themselves may be, yet the just power they have, must be submitted to and obeyed. In the general course of human affairs, rulers are not a terror to honest, quiet, and good subjects, but to evil-doers. Such is the power of sin and corruption, that many will be kept back from crimes only by the fear of punishment. Thou hast the benefit of the government, therefore do what thou canst to preserve it, and nothing to disturb it. This directs private persons to behave quietly and peaceably where God has set them, #1Ti 2:1,2|. Christians must not use any trick or fraud. All smuggling, dealing in contraband goods, withholding or evading duties, is rebellion against the express command of God. Thus honest neighbours are robbed, who will have to pay the more; and the crimes of smugglers, and others who join with them, are abetted. It is painful that some professors of the gospel should countenance such dishonest practices. The lesson here taught it becomes all Christians to learn and practise, that the godly in the land will always be found the quiet and the peaceable in the land, whatever others are.

8-10 Christians must avoid useless expense, and be careful not to contract any debts they have not the power to discharge. They are also to stand aloof from all venturesome speculations and rash engagements, and whatever may expose them to the danger of not rendering to all their due. Do not keep in any one's debt. Give every one his own. Do not spend that on yourselves, which you owe to others. But many who are very sensible of the trouble, think little of the sin, of being in debt. Love to others includes all the duties of the second table. The last five of the ten commandments are all summed up in this royal law, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; with the same sincerity that thou lovest thyself, though not in the same measure and degree. He that loves his neighbour as himself, will desire the welfare of his neighbour. On this is built that golden rule, of doing as we would be done by. Love is a living, active principle of obedience to the whole law. Let us not only avoid injuries to the persons, connexions, property, and characters of men; but do no kind or degree of evil to any man, and study to be useful in every station of life.

11-14 Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. Also the salvation nigh at hand. Let us mind our way, and mend our pace, we are nearer our journey's end. Also to make ourselves ready. The night is far spent, the day is at hand; therefore it is time to dress ourselves. Observe what we must put off; clothes worn in the night. Cast off the sinful works of darkness. Observe what we must put on; how we should dress our souls. Put on the armour of light. A Christian must reckon himself undressed, if unarmed. The graces of the Spirit are this armour, to secure the soul from Satan's temptations, and the assaults of this present evil world. Put on Christ; that includes all. Put on righteousness of Christ, for justification. Put on the Spirit and grace of Christ, for sanctification. The Lord Jesus Christ must be put on as Lord to rule you as Jesus to save you; and in both, as Christ anointed and appointed by the Father to this ruling, saving work. And how to walk. When we are up and ready, we are not to sit still, but to appear abroad; let us walk. Christianity teaches us how to walk so as to please God, who ever sees us. Walk honestly as in the day; avoiding the works of darkness. Where there are riot and drunkenness, there usually are chambering and wantonness, and strife and envy. Solomon puts these all together, #Pr 23:29-35|. See what provision to make. Our great care must be to provide for our souls: but must we take no care about our bodies? Yes; but two things are forbidden. Perplexing ourselves with anxious, encumbering care; and indulging ourselves in irregular desires. Natural wants are to be answered, but evil appetites must be checked and denied. To ask meat for our necessities, is our duty, we are taught to pray for daily bread; but to ask meat for our lusts, is provoking God, #Ps 78:18|.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Romans 13

  • Rick Colombe on Romans 13
    We are to love what God loves and hate what God hates. The evil in our land with all these anarchists is not to be tolerated. They are calling good evil and evil good. Pray that God will win this fight for us, because we can not win this battle between good and evil without Him. Thank you.
  • Jesse on Romans 13

    I was unable to respond, as the thread was locked for additional comment. So I am responding here.

    The parable of the sower describes four different heart conditions. The condition you bring up is the person represented by the stony ground. They get excited about the things the Lord. They began to blossom with their emotion right away. You begin to see those signs above ground, and it appears to be instant growth. So this person gets excited, but then when it's time to start maturing in the Lord, which comes through trials and tribulations, that person is immediately offended.

    They don't have that happy feeling anymore, they are not excited anymore. Now it is time for growth. Now it is time to settle down with the Lord, and they get offended and they leave. That person was never saved. This is not a person that was once saved, and then walked away and lost their salvation. They were never saved, period.

    In the Parable of the Sower, there's only one person out of these four that are saved. Only one person bears the fruit of salvation, and that's our number four man. None of the other three bear fruit, meaning none of the other three represent salvation.

    It seems as though you are saying that belief in a pre-tribulation rapture would cause someone to be persecuted, or perhaps cause them to forfeit their salvation? Am I just misunderstanding you? Jesus said we can expect persecution for His name's sake. It should be no surprise to us if we are persecuted for identifying with Christ. Thanks for caring about me. I care about you also. But don't be too concerned for me because I believe in Pre-trib. That will not separate me from Christ. I thank you for the YouTube invite, but something deep inside my spirit tells me I need to be cautious, so I will respectfully decline.
  • Cynthia Nelson on Romans 13:4
    I been giving three sentyse smells in different times and I am trying to understand what the Lord is trying to tell me. The smells fresh water, fresh dirt , honey suckle flowers
  • Dave on Romans 13:4
    Does God hear and answer prayers of the unsaved ?
  • Alex on Romans 13:4
    comment by Alex about y Jesus was born. It was that he might be multiplied in our hearts via a seed resulting from his death, when a seed dies it multiplies ( our new heart and new spirit ) is th result of his death,smite the shephard and the sheep will be scattered then i will turn my hand to the little ones a baby Christ which is the H.G. AS THAT WHICH IS BORN OF THE SPIRIT IS SPIRIT OUR NEW INNERMAN has to be born in us. That was the great Promise in the beginning I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven speaking of abrahams' heavenly seed Christ Jesus. Thats y th woman ( humanity ) is giving birth simply b/c of his death, the only way we can see him is by his death, he said unless a seed dies it abides alone ( just 1 christ ) but if it dies it will bring forth much fruit (many Christ as the stars of heaven ) That was the great Promise,The fruit is his offspring the H.G. an Isrsel of God ,the multiplication of very God in humanity via his seed sown in us sinners. Being bornagain of an incorruptible seed even by the Word of God but there wd have been no seed if he had not died,when a seed dies it multiplies that all the world might get a seed an incorruptible seed that is gonna destroy our old adamic nature thus destroying satans head mans adamic nature that is in rank with satans head.outta of the hearts of man proceeds all manner of evil, Thats y he refers to the H.G as the PROMISE,THE H.G is the multiplication of Christ that results from his seed th word th new covenant in our hearts thus a spritual pregnancy resulting in a Child, she brought forth a man child that is gonna rule all nations. The Child is the h.g. that is gonna rule all nations as Jesus said the spirit of truth is gona reprove the world of sin and righteous and judgement which answers to the kingdom of GOD coming from with in US. The reason issac was born was that abraham might be multiplied,The reason Jesus was born was that God might be multiplied in US sinners remember the PROMISE GB
  • Emil Yousif Haddad on Romans 13:4
    Based on Romans 13:4; How can Hitler be a minister of God?
  • Chris - in Reply on Romans 13:4
    Emil, a definite NO: Hitler can NEVER be referred to as God's Minister. If for nothing else, he did everything that was opposed to the Bible & the Message of Love & Compassion that were Jesus' foundational teaching. I think you may have heard something that has made you wonder about Hitler's religious stance, rather than your personal belief. I truly hope it's not your belief.

    From a religious viewpoint, you're correct, he was raised a Roman Catholic & received its rites, though always in conflict with its teachings, indeed of Christianity itself. Hitler, was essentially a megalomaniac (one who is mentally ill resulting in delusions of greatness about himself; & we likely have some around us now!) & a Gnostic, who, in one of its beliefs, considers one's own knowledge & mental prowess, to be above virtue & godliness. If anything, he was AN anti-Christ, of whom some in his day, even considered him to be THE one, but as Mickey has well described him: he is "like a choir boy compared to what the Antichrist has planned for the world". An apt description, as if a German (or an ally) was obedient & subservient to the Nazi philosophy & rules, then he got on okay; just as in the day of The Anti-Christ, when one is fully obedient to him. If any opposed him, the results would be horrific.
  • H - in Reply on Romans 13:4
    Who told you that?
  • Mickey to Emil Romans 134 - in Reply on Romans 13:4
    Hitler was not a Christian; not a minister of God.

    His deeds were evil. He was a follower of Satan. He murdered over 6 million Jewish men, grandmothers, grandfathers, women, children, babies, so satan could destroy Gods people. Hurt God.

    The only reason to remember his name is to warn people now that Hitler will seem like a choir boy compared to what the Antichrist has planned for the world. Repent

    Be born again now. Choose Life. Help people you love, be born again too. Time is short.
  • Hopeful Christian - in Reply on Romans 13:4
    God gave Hitler his power (Saul wasn't merciful either, but he was made King of Israel by God himself), therefore, if your ruler is bad, you have to obey him, and not kill him not damage his government via terrorism or other methods.

    Even the antichrist need God's approval in order to obtain power.


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