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1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.

2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.

5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.

6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)

7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)

8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;

9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.

10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?

15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!

16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?

17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.

21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

Commentary for Romans 10

The apostle's earnest desire for the salvation of the Jews. (1-4) The difference between the righteousness of the law, and the righteousness of faith. (5-11) The Gentiles stand on a level with the Jews, in justification and salvation. (12-17) The Jews might know this from Old Testament prophecies. (18-21)1-4 The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. So that even under the law, all who were justified before God, obtained that blessing by faith, whereby they were made partakers of the perfect righteousness of the promised Redeemer. The law is not destroyed, nor the intention of the Lawgiver disappointed; but full satisfaction being made by the death of Christ for our breach of the law, the end is gained. That is, Christ has fulfilled the whole law, therefore whoever believeth in him, is counted just before God, as much as though he had fulfilled the whole law himself. Sinners never could go on in vain fancies of their own righteousness, if they knew the justice of God as a Governor, or his righteousness as a Saviour.

5-11 The self-condemned sinner need not perplex himself how this righteousness may be found. When we speak of looking upon Christ, and receiving, and feeding upon him, it is not Christ in heaven, nor Christ in the deep, that we mean; but Christ in the promise, Christ offered in the word. Justification by faith in Christ is a plain doctrine. It is brought before the mind and heart of every one, thus leaving him without excuse for unbelief. If a man confessed faith in Jesus, as the Lord and Saviour of lost sinners, and really believed in his heart that God had raised him from the dead, thus showing that he had accepted the atonement, he should be saved by the righteousness of Christ, imputed to him through faith. But no faith is justifying which is not powerful in sanctifying the heart, and regulating all its affections by the love of Christ. We must devote and give up to God our souls and our bodies: our souls in believing with the heart, and our bodies in confessing with the mouth. The believer shall never have cause to repent his confident trust in the Lord Jesus. Of such faith no sinner shall be ashamed before God; and he ought to glory in it before men.

12-17 There is not one God to the Jews, more kind, and another to the Gentiles, who is less kind; the Lord is a Father to all men. The promise is the same to all, who call on the name of the Lord Jesus as the Son of God, as God manifest in the flesh. All believers thus call upon the Lord Jesus, and none else will do so humbly or sincerely. But how should any call on the Lord Jesus, the Divine Saviour, who had not heard of him? And what is the life of a Christian but a life of prayer? It shows that we feel our dependence on him, and are ready to give up ourselves to him, and have a believing expectation of our all from him. It was necessary that the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles. Somebody must show them what they are to believe. How welcome the gospel ought to be to those to whom it was preached! The gospel is given, not only to be known and believed, but to be obeyed. It is not a system of notions, but a rule of practice. The beginning, progress, and strength of faith is by hearing. But it is only hearing the word, as the word of God that will strengthen faith.

18-21 Did not the Jews know that the Gentiles were to be called in? They might have known it from Moses and Isaiah. Isaiah speaks plainly of the grace and favour of God, as going before in the receiving of the Gentiles. Was not this our own case? Did not God begin in love, and make himself known to us when we did not ask after him? The patience of God towards provoking sinners is wonderful. The time of God's patience is called a day, light as day, and fit for work and business; but limited as a day, and there is a night at the end of it. God's patience makes man's disobedience worse, and renders that the more sinful. We may wonder at the mercy of God, that his goodness is not overcome by man's badness; we may wonder at the wickedness of man, that his badness is not overcome by God's goodness. And it is a matter of joy to think that God has sent the message of grace to so many millions, by the wide spread of his gospel.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Romans 10

  • Steve morrow
    PSALM 119:142 thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness and thy law is the truth PROVERBS 12:17 he that speaketh truth showeth forth righteousness but a false witness deceit JOHN 1:17 for the law was given by Moses but grace and truth came by JESUS CHRIST ROMANS 6:18 being then made from sin you became the servants of righteousness --6:20-- for when you were the servants of sin you were free from righteousness --6:22-- but now being made free from sin and become servants to GOD you have your fruit unto holiness and the end everlasting life
  • A disciple
    "For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." Romans 10:4 Christ is the thing aimed at, the whole point, the sum and substance of the Law's intended meaning and its goal to show us what kind of people we are supposed to be from the beginning. NOT the end, as in it no longer is in effect or has any more right to exist because if we think we can say, that there is no more Law of God, then we might as well say that He has denied Himself and His own Nature which is impossible. The Law teaches us the character and nature of God, in whose image we are made. The Law will be fully enforced under the reign of Christ, and we will rule the Nations by His Law. The Word of God is, that the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the golry of the LORD as the waters cover the sea, and that all Nations shall one day rejoice how there is no Law so righteous as God's Law. And until the Lord returns to set up His kingdom and put away every wicked mouth against Him, that Scripture has yet to be fulfilled.
  • A disciple
    Christ is the the thing aimed at, the whole point, that which the whole law was intended to show from the beginning. NOT the end, as in it no longer is in effect or has any more right to exist because if we think we can say, that there is no more Law of God, then we might as well say that He has denied Himself and His own Nature which is impossible.
  • James
    Romans 11:33-36 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
    For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
    Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?
    For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.
  • Steve morrow
    NEHEMIAH 1:5 and said I beseech thee O LORD GOD of heaven the great and terrible GOD that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love HIM and observe HIS commandments PSALM 25:10 all the paths of THE LORD are mercy and truth unto such as keep HIS covenant and HIS testimonies ***** PROVERBS 14:7 go thou from the presence of a foolish man when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge *****
  • Steve morrow
    MARK 8:35 for whosoever will save his life shall lose it but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospels the same shall save it JOHN 5:34 but I receive not testimony from man but these things I say that you might be saved 2 Thessalonians 2:10 and with all deceiveableness of unrighteousness in them that perish because they received not the love of the truth that they might be saved
  • James
    Wonderful that it is Christ who saves through his death and resurrection. Although it is correct to be humble and sincere when coming to God through Christ the emphasis should solely be on his death and resurrection. Romans 9:16 “ So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.” God bless you all and Praise to Almighty God for his grace and mercy.
  • MUKISA EMMA DANIEL
    PSALMS 119:105 SAYS," THAT THE WORD OF THE LORD IS THE LIGHT TO MY FEET"
    The Word of God has power to lead you to a place with a lot of joy and happinness thus paving way for thd chosen of the Lord to enter into his destination.

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Bible Trivia

According to the book of Romans, how does faith come?
  • Talking
  • Praying
  • Worshipping
  • Praising
  • Hearing the word of God