“I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.”
King James Version (KJV)
11:11 Have they stumbled so as to fall - Totally and finally? No But by their fall - Or slip: it is a very soft word in the original. Salvation is come to the gentiles - See an instance of this, #Acts 13:46|. To provoke them - The Jews themselves, to jealousy.
Ro 11:11 Have they stumbled that they should fall? Shall we conclude that Israel has fallen forever? The apostle now proceeds to the second branch of his argument, and shows that God, for wise reasons, has cast off Israel for a time, but that finally the nation will be converted. Through their fall salvation [is come] to the Gentiles. Christ said, "I, if I be lifted up, will draw all men unto me" (Joh 12:32). He referred to the cross. Rejected by the Jewish nation, and sent to the cross, he became the Savior of all mankind, Gentiles as well as Jews. So, too, the rejection of the gospel by the Jews, accelerated the preaching among the Gentiles. See Ac 8:4; 13:46. So, too, when the Jews crucified Christ, "the handwriting of ordinances was nailed to the cross" (Col 2:14), the "partition wall" (Eph 2:14) between Jews and Gentiles was broken down. So the result of the Jews hardening themselves and rejecting Christ was, under the providence of God, that the Gentiles should be saved. To provoke them to jealousy. The elder brother, in the parable of the Prodigal Son, was filled with jealousy when he saw the younger son accepted by the father (Lu 15:28).