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Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. 2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. 3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. 4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.

5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. 6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) 7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) 8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; 9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. 12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. 13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? 15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!

16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? 17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.

21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

Commentary for Romans 10

The apostle's earnest desire for the salvation of the Jews. (1-4) The difference between the righteousness of the law, and the righteousness of faith. (5-11) The Gentiles stand on a level with the Jews, in justification and salvation. (12-17) The Jews might know this from Old Testament prophecies. (18-21)1-4 The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. So that even under the law, all who were justified before God, obtained that blessing by faith, whereby they were made partakers of the perfect righteousness of the promised Redeemer. The law is not destroyed, nor the intention of the Lawgiver disappointed; but full satisfaction being made by the death of Christ for our breach of the law, the end is gained. That is, Christ has fulfilled the whole law, therefore whoever believeth in him, is counted just before God, as much as though he had fulfilled the whole law himself. Sinners never could go on in vain fancies of their own righteousness, if they knew the justice of God as a Governor, or his righteousness as a Saviour.

5-11 The self-condemned sinner need not perplex himself how this righteousness may be found. When we speak of looking upon Christ, and receiving, and feeding upon him, it is not Christ in heaven, nor Christ in the deep, that we mean; but Christ in the promise, Christ offered in the word. Justification by faith in Christ is a plain doctrine. It is brought before the mind and heart of every one, thus leaving him without excuse for unbelief. If a man confessed faith in Jesus, as the Lord and Saviour of lost sinners, and really believed in his heart that God had raised him from the dead, thus showing that he had accepted the atonement, he should be saved by the righteousness of Christ, imputed to him through faith. But no faith is justifying which is not powerful in sanctifying the heart, and regulating all its affections by the love of Christ. We must devote and give up to God our souls and our bodies: our souls in believing with the heart, and our bodies in confessing with the mouth. The believer shall never have cause to repent his confident trust in the Lord Jesus. Of such faith no sinner shall be ashamed before God; and he ought to glory in it before men.

12-17 There is not one God to the Jews, more kind, and another to the Gentiles, who is less kind; the Lord is a Father to all men. The promise is the same to all, who call on the name of the Lord Jesus as the Son of God, as God manifest in the flesh. All believers thus call upon the Lord Jesus, and none else will do so humbly or sincerely. But how should any call on the Lord Jesus, the Divine Saviour, who had not heard of him? And what is the life of a Christian but a life of prayer? It shows that we feel our dependence on him, and are ready to give up ourselves to him, and have a believing expectation of our all from him. It was necessary that the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles. Somebody must show them what they are to believe. How welcome the gospel ought to be to those to whom it was preached! The gospel is given, not only to be known and believed, but to be obeyed. It is not a system of notions, but a rule of practice. The beginning, progress, and strength of faith is by hearing. But it is only hearing the word, as the word of God that will strengthen faith.

18-21 Did not the Jews know that the Gentiles were to be called in? They might have known it from Moses and Isaiah. Isaiah speaks plainly of the grace and favour of God, as going before in the receiving of the Gentiles. Was not this our own case? Did not God begin in love, and make himself known to us when we did not ask after him? The patience of God towards provoking sinners is wonderful. The time of God's patience is called a day, light as day, and fit for work and business; but limited as a day, and there is a night at the end of it. God's patience makes man's disobedience worse, and renders that the more sinful. We may wonder at the mercy of God, that his goodness is not overcome by man's badness; we may wonder at the wickedness of man, that his badness is not overcome by God's goodness. And it is a matter of joy to think that God has sent the message of grace to so many millions, by the wide spread of his gospel.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Romans 10

  • BSP
    Verse 17~In order to build faith we must constantly hear the Word of God. This we can do by reading the Bible and making sure to really listen to it by applying it in our lives.
  • A disciple
    Michael (cont.); You dare to say that the Apostle Matthew, who was filled with the Holy Spirit at "THE" Day of Pentecost, and the first to write the Holy Glad Tidings Narrative the same year that the Lord ascended; that HE didn't have a clue? How then did Jesus open their understanding to Scripture, while according to you they did not understand?
  • A disciple
    Michael; You wrote, "Matthew 7:26 is not to the church, it is to the nation of Israel. Matthew knows nothing about the gentile church age nor does he have a clue about the gospel of grace." First of all, Jesus commanded that All Nations should be made disciples and do all that Jesus has said. What was commanded for Israel, goes also for all who are under Israel!
  • A disciple
    Michael; How do you know what kind of tree it is except by its fruit? The fountain springs either fresh water or bitter. God is ONE, His Spirit is one, and His Word is one. There is no word or standard for one age, and another one for others later. God hasn't changed His character, nor His purpose and will concerning us. While He waits with patience for men to repent, His judgments are the same.
  • A disciple
    Michael; You read the Sermon on the Mount, and you think that Jesus was not referring to us? What part exactly was it? The beatitudes? Not being a hypocrite? Loving others and being perfect as our Father in heaven? Doing all these His sayings? What words out of the whole Bible, do you think, DON'T APPLY TO YOU? And do you think the Holy Spirit is going to confirm your words to disregard Scripture?
  • Michael

    A disciple; you really need to get the context of each chapter in Rom.
    Ch. 1-5 deals with salvation in the gospel of grace. Ch. 9-11 Paul is speaking about Israel and ‘their salvation” Rom 9-11 took place during the book of Acts when Israel is being dealt with.
    They must believe on who He is, their Messiah. Confessing Christ meant admitting Jesus was not a fraud or imposter as in the past.
  • Michael
    A disciple: Matthew 7:26 is not to the church, it is to the nation of Israel. Matthew knows nothing about the gentile church age nor does he have a clue about the gospel of grace.
    The people in Revelation 20:13 are judged by their own righteousness.

    Ephesians 2:8 grace are ye saved through faith not of yourselves 9 Not of works

    1 Corinthians 14:33 God is not the author of confusion

    2 Tim 2:15
  • A disciple
    Nathan; Show me your faith without works! "And every one that hear these sayings of mine, and does them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand.. AND IT FELL: and GREAT WAS ITS FALL!" "..and the dead were JUDGED out of those things which were written in the books, ACCORDING TO THEIR WORKS." The devils also believe and shudder; are they going to be saved?

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Bible Trivia

According to the book of Romans, how does faith come?
  • Talking
  • Praying
  • Worshipping
  • Praising
  • Hearing the word of God