“Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,”
King James Version (KJV)
1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ - To this introduction the conclusion answers, #Romans 15:15|, &c. Called to be an apostle - And made an apostle by that calling. While God calls, he makes what he calls. As the Judaizing teachers disputed his claim to the apostolical office, it is with great propriety that he asserts it in the very entrance of an epistle wherein their principles are entirely overthrown. And various other proper and important thoughts are suggested in this short introduction; particularly the prophecies concerning the gospel, the descent of Jesus from David, the great doctrines of his Godhead and resurrection, the sending the gospel to the gentiles, the privileges of Christians, and the obedience and holiness to which they were obliged in virtue of their profession. Separated - By God, not only from the bulk of other men, from other Jews, from other disciples, but even from other Christian teachers, to be a peculiar instrument of God in spreading the gospel.
Ro 1:1 Introduction. The Morals of Paganism SUMMARY OF ROMANS 1: Paul's Salutation to the Church at Rome. His Deep Interest in Its Welfare. His Confidence in the Gospel. It Is the Power of God. The Wrath of God. The Sins of the Gentile World. The Gentile World Under Condemnation. Paul. Instead of subscribing a name at the end of a letter, the custom was to introduce it at the beginning. See other Epistles of Paul. For Paul's name, see PNT "Ac 13:9". Called [to be] an apostle. "To be" is not in the original. Paul simply states that he is "a called apostle", not one appointed by men, but called by Jesus Christ. He was called when he "saw the Lord", an essential to apostleship. See notes on 1Co 9:1 Ac 26:16. His setting apart at Antioch was not this call, but it came direct from Jesus Christ (Ac 13:2). As some Judaizing teachers tried to destroy his apostolic authority, he found it necessary on several occasions to show that his commission was directly from the Lord. Separated. Set apart to the work of the gospel. Christ set him apart, and his whole life was consecrated to his divine glory.