Chapter 16

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1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.

2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.

3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea.

4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

5 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.

6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.

7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.

8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.

10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,

11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.

12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.

13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.

16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.

19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.

20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

Commentary for Revelation 16

The first vial is poured out on the earth, the second on the sea, the third on the rivers and fountains. (1-7) The fourth on the sun, the fifth on the seat of the beast. (8-11) The sixth on the great river Euphrates. (12-16) And the seventh on the air, when shall follow the destruction of all antichristian enemies. (17-21)1-7 We are to pray that the will of God may be done on earth as it is done in heaven. Here is a succession of terrible judgments of Providence; and there seems to be an allusion to several of the plagues of Egypt. The sins were alike, and so were the punishments. The vials refer to the seven trumpets, which represented the rise of antichrist; and the fall of the enemies of the church shall bear some resemblance to their rise. All things throughout their earth, their air, their sea, their rivers, their cities, all are condemned to ruin, all accursed for the wickedness of that people. No wonder that angels, who witness or execute the Divine vengeance on the obstinate haters of God, of Christ, and of holiness, praise his justice and truth; and adore his awful judgments, when he brings upon cruel persecutors the tortures they made his saints and prophets suffer.

8-11 The heart of man is so desperately wicked, that the most severe miseries never will bring any to repent, without the special grace of God. Hell itself is filled with blasphemies; and those are ignorant of the history of human nature, of the Bible, and of their own hearts, who do not know that the more men suffer, and the more plainly they see the hand of God in their sufferings, the more furiously they often rage against him. Let sinners now seek repentance from Christ, and the grace of the Holy Spirit, or they will have the anguish and horror of an unhumbled, impenitent, and desperate heart; thus adding to their guilt and misery through all eternity. Darkness is opposed to wisdom and knowledge, and forebodes the confusion and folly of the idolaters and followers of the beast. It is opposed to pleasure and joy, and signifies anguish and vexation of spirit.

12-16 This probably shows the destruction of the Turkish power, and of idolatry, and that a way will be made for the return of the Jews. Or, take it for Rome, as mystical Babylon, the name of Babylon being put for Rome, which was meant, but was not then to be directly named. When Rome is destroyed, her river and merchandise must suffer with her. And perhaps a way will be opened for the eastern nations to come into the church of Christ. The great dragon will collect all his forces, to make one desperate struggle before all be lost. God warns of this great trial, to engage his people to prepare for it. These will be times of great temptation; therefore Christ, by his apostle, calls on his professed servants to expect his sudden coming, and to watch that they might not be put to shame, as apostates or hypocrites. However Christians differ, as to their views of the times and seasons of events yet to be brought to pass, on this one point all are agreed, Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, will suddenly come again to judge the world. To those living near to Christ, it is an object of joyful hope and expectation, and delay is not desired by them.

17-21 The seventh and last angel poured forth his vial, and the downfal of Babylon was finished. The church triumphant in heaven saw it and rejoiced; the church in conflict on earth saw it and became triumphant. God remembered the great and wicked city; though for some time he seemed to have forgotten her idolatry and cruelty. All that was most secure was carried away by the ruin. Men blasphemed: the greatest judgments that can befal men, will not bring to repentance without the grace of God. To be hardened against God, by his righteous judgments, is a certain token of sure and utter destruction.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Revelation 16

  • Jmonyae on Revelation 16:3
    so i have an important question but this has nothing to do with this chapter,how do you know when your are saved.
  • Adam - in Reply on Revelation 16:3
    Hello, there's a page at the bottom that says 'Become a Christian' that is what the Bible says how to become one. If you have followed the Bible to become a Christian then you're a Christian: Link - God bless you!
  • Geoff - in Reply on Revelation 16
    That's a nice question. That's an important question. And, not to take away from previous replies because they are great responses, but to try to be helpful, since you asked a simple yet very important question I hope to give a direct answer. We are saved not by works, not by anything we do. But, by Faith that Jesus is God's son. And, Faith that God is our creator. So, if you know, without seeing, and you trust that Jesus is your brother, King and Saviour., then you're saved. But we do see examples all the time. Just acknowledge them and say Thank you.

    The only works we really need to do, is working on ourselves to be as Jesus teaches. When we work on ourselves we then reflect better who God wants us to become. We'll slip and backslide and when we do, we'll feel ashamed and guilt and like we let Jesus down and we'll repent. We won't abuse Grace and we won't say Grace is a free pass to be a jerk.

    Jesus says to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and I struggle with that. I screw up 40-50 times a day in my head, with judging, and selfish thoughts. I'm saved because Jesus loves me and you and even those we don't like I have Trust in that, and when I read Revelations it's not scary to me. I don't dread it. For me, it's a slow growth. But, I'm not the same as I used to be. Because God has pulled me from my "pits." God and Jesus did something we couldn't do. Or, wouldn't do. Keep reading, keep asking questions, and think about the answers, don't be swayed by a person's personal agenda. Jesus came from Heaven to find you (us). He wants us to be with him. Which is sometimes hard to believe because we know how rotten we are. We can quote the bible with spiritual vanity, but it's not by our hands but by Faith and Trust in what Jesus did for us in living and dying and rising for us. And, Faith in God's plan for the World. The World, of past people, current people and for people not even born. It's overwhelming and crazy sounding. But, that's Faith that it's true.
  • Divine Princess - in Reply on Revelation 16:3
    Romans 10:9 If you confess with your mouth and believe in your heart that Father God had raised Jesus from the dead, you will be saved.
  • Jesse - in Reply on Revelation 16:3

    I would read through 1 John Chapter 5. John speaks about the doctrine of salvation. He brings together in summary form all that he has talked about in order to give assurance to those who believe, but also to give caution to those who think they are saved but they're really not. But this is a great chapter to read. I would encourage you to read the entire chapter. But look Verse 13. "These things have I written unto you that believe upon the name of the Son of God; so that you might know that you have eternal life, and that you may believe on the Son of God." So John is telling them, I'm giving you proof so that you can know assuredly that you belong to Christ.

    In 2 Corinthians 13:5, Paul says "Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?" So we are to examine ourselves, whether we be in the faith;

    That's not a religious term about the faith. The word faith in the New Testament is a word speaks of literally being under the persuasion of God's Spirit. That's what the word faith means. It means persuasion. So are you under the influence of God's Spirit? Are you in the faith?

    Secondly, we are to prove our own selves. We do our own testing, not of somebody else, but we test ourselves. And then Paul presents the criteria. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except you be reprobates? Reprobate means rejected.

    The criteria is that Christ be in you. It doesn't say anything about the right and wrong doctrine, or what church you go to or don't go to. Is Christ in you? Have you experienced a Spiritual birth and now Christ lives in you?

    Paul said in Colossians that Christ in you is the hope of glory. You have no other hope other than Christ in you. If Christ is not in you, you have no hope. If Christ is in you, you will have a hunger and desire for Him because His Spirit will give you that hunger to continue on.
  • Jina Hill on Revelation 16
    We are living in the last days right now and with the coronavirus God is speaking and we need to hear what he is saying this might have been an accident but God is truly telling us that we need to repent and be baptized in the Holy Ghost and live your life according to the bible I will pray that if your not saved you get saved before it everlasting to late.
  • B B - in Reply on Revelation 16
    I keep thinking about the Angels of Revelations and the Vials that they pour out.

    All the Plagues, Wars, Earthquakes, Floods, Famines, Tornadoes, Hurricanes, etcetera were predicted by the author, was it John? on the island ?? It is certainly happening Now!! I am fournate that the Lord God, Jesus and The Holy Spirit are watching over Me and My Family in these Times.
  • D W L on Revelation 16
    I Timothy 2:12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. (13) For Adam was first formed, then Eve. (14) And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. (15) Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.

    12 Apostles , 70 were sent out to preach, all men chosen by Jesus. Titus 2:4-5
  • Alex on Revelation 16
    Jesus said that to whom the WORD CAME ( HIS SEED ) it made them Gods. Plural And he said the field is the world where that good seed will be sown meaning humanity thus we see an Israel of GOD COMING SOON a heavenly kingdom in our hearts.That was the great PROMISE when God swore by himself he himself is gonna be multiplied as the stars of heaven via that good seed th WORD.Thats Y JESUS IS SAYING TO WHOM THE WORD CAME IT MADE THEM GODS.Thats y he refers to the H.G AS THE PROMISE THE H.G. IS THE MULTIPLICATION OF CHRIST THAT CHILD OF PROMISE that is gonna be be born to us via his seed etc.Jesus is not impotent he has a seed to sow in humanity which is the Word.She brought forth a Manchild. GBU
  • Alex on Revelation 16
    Yes there is only 1 god the father ,but this 1 god had an absolute son whom he instructs all the angels to worship,this 1 god tells the world this is my beloveth son in whom i am well plz, unto his son he said thy throne o god is forever now we see 2 gods father n son ( abram n issac ) then the son tells us a parable of him going forth to sow his seed the word th seed of a kingdom in humanity. (jacob) we see a 3 rd god that will be born in humanity via that heavenly seed sown n our hearts, our new birth brings a child to us which is the h.g. a kingdom child that child of promise ( that branch that comes outta of christ ) which is spirit. now we see an israel of god born in humanity via seed


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Which of the vial judgments kills all life in the sea?
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