Revelation 12:1

“And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And there appeared a great wonder in heauen, a woman clothed with the Sunne, & the Moone vnder her feete, and vpon her head a Crowne of twelue starres:
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars;
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And a great sign was seen in heaven: a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars;
- American Standard Version (1901)

And a great sign was seen in heaven: a A woman clothed with the sun, and with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
- Basic English Bible

And a great sign was seen in the heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars;
- Darby Bible

And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:
- Webster's Bible

And a great marvel was seen in Heaven-- a woman who was robed with the sun and had the moon under her feet, and had also a wreath of stars round her head, was with child,
- Weymouth Bible

A great sign was seen in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
- World English Bible

And a greet signe apperide in heuene; a womman clothid with the sunne, and the moone vndur hir feet, and in the heed of hir a coroun of twelue sterris.
- Wycliffe Bible

And a great sign was seen in the heaven, a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Revelation 12:1


12:1 And a great sign was seen in heaven - Not only by St. John, but many heavenly spectators represented in the vision. A sign means something that has an uncommon appearance, and from which we infer that some unusual thing will follow. A woman - The emblem of the church of Christ, as she is originally of Israel, though built and enlarged on all sides by the addition of heathen converts; and as she will hereafter appear, when all her natural branches are again grafted in. She is at present on earth; and yet, with regard to her union with Christ, may be said to be in heaven, #Eph 2:6|. Accordingly, she is described as both assaulted and defended in heaven, verses 4, 7. #Rev 12:4|,7 Clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars - These figurative expressions must he so interpreted as to preserve a due proportion between them. So, in Joseph's dream, the sun betokened his father; the moon, his mother; the stars, their children. There may be some such resemblance here; and as the prophecy points out the power over all nations, perhaps the sun may betoken the Christian world; the moon, the Mahometans, who also carry the moon in their ensigns; and the crown of twelve stars, the twelve tribes of Israel; which are smaller than the sun and moon. The whole of this chapter answers the state of the church from the ninth century to this time.


People's Bible Notes for Revelation 12:1


Re 12:1 The Visions of the Church SUMMARY OF REVELATION 12: The Vision in Heaven. The Woman Clothed with the Sun. Her Offspring. The Great Red Dragon. The Conflict in Heaven. The War on the Woman's Seed. Her Seed Caught Up. Her Flight into the Wilderness. The Flood Cast by the Dragon. The Earth Helping the Woman. A woman. A woman is used as a symbol many times in the Scriptures. "Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh" (Isa 62:11). Here the reference is to the Church. Again Paul says, "We are not the children of the bondwoman, but of the free" (Ga 4:31). All are agreed that here the free woman represents the Church. Again, John sees the New Jerusalem descending adorned as a bride to meet her husband (Re 21:2). The bride, the Lamb's wife, here and in Re 21:9, indeed in every place spoken of, is the Church. Once more: Paul speaks of Jerusalem, the mother of us all, alluding again to the Church (Ga 4:26). This symbol, then, is a common one to represent the Church, and we are justified in declaring that to be its meaning in this passage. Clothed with the sun. The fact that she is clothed with the sun symbolizes the fact that the true Church shines with the light of the sun of righteousness. And the moon under her feet represents the Old Testament, or old dispensation, which shone by a reflected right and is subordinate to the New Covenant of the Church. And upon her head a crown of twelve stars is explained by the twelve apostles, lights of the Church and a grown of glory to it.

Discussion for Revelation 12:1

  • Anonymous for verse 1
    The note on Rev 12 1 in a study bible I own reads "12 1 The number twelve suggests that the woman represents God 's people cp. 12 15 17 see Jer 2 32 2 Cor 11 2 Eph 5 32 , from whom came the Messiah. This woman is marked by God 's glory in contrast with the prostitute see 17 1 6 , who is destined for destruction. "
  • NIGEL MCMILLAN for verse 1
    With respect to the views of others who have commented here I must respectively disagree. We must remember that no scripture is open to our personal interpretation. This scripture must be compared with others and the whole context of the scene examined. Woman in prophecy is always represented as a 'church ' which in this verse the church has the real light surrounding her. This woman is God 's true church and not Marry as when we read on reveals that she fled into the wilderness, something Marry never did , however God 's true church did under Roman persecution which is to repeat itself in the future. Another woman was also mentioned, which is a false church clothed with artificial light. Verse 17 Reveals the true church which is perused by the Dragon keeps the ten commandments and has the testimony of Jesus Christ. REV 19 10 tells us the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
  • Grateful to God for verse 1
    September 12 3 B C John is giving the date of Jesus birth Just after sunrise in Israel looking East into the Sun is Virgo the Woman virgin the Moon is at her feet and there is a conjunction of Regulus King of Stars and Jupiter King of Planets above her head in Leo Judah For does not the heavens declare the glory of God
  • William Kroupa for verse 1
    The woman could possibly represent Mary giving birth to a son JESUS(verse 5) , who is destined to to rule all nations with an iron rod. It then sounds like God prepared a place for her for quite a few days.
  • Faithfull for verse 1
    And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun (cotton), and the moon under her feet(she walked on the moon), and upon her head a crown of twelve stars (all twelve tribes of Israel is accredited to her)She is and only can be America the free, them having not taken the mark of the beast in order to buy sell or trade, after or before march 31 2017 eleven days after history's worst winter ends, and this winter starts 11 days before the 7th king is crowned. a picket fence of days like the ASCII Code (UPC-bar code)where the posts of the fence all equal 6's
    We are not the children of the bondwoman, but of the free" (Ga 4:31)

    and the woman was given two wings of an eagle that she (might) fly away into the wilderness. not all of the woman flew away the remnant of her seed (them who stayed behind and did not fly away) and keep the faith in Jesus and his commandment were persecuted, by the dragon (Lucifer).

    Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues
  • Dwayne Deal for verse 1
    The woman is Gods persecuted/suffering 'wife'-the nation of Israel,as symbolized by the moon/pearl under her feet(see Rev 21:12-13,21a). The sun covering her is an emblem of Gods shekinah Glory protecting her through her time of tribulation. And the crown(stephenos)of twelve stars on her head represents the victory that the twelve tribes of Israel are to experience through struggle,opposition,and the almost relentless attack of the arch enemy of both God and man. Which is what this and the next few chapters go on to show. Also see Genesis 37:9,10 for the Sun-husband,Moon-wife,and Stars-children symbolism

Bible Options