“And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,”
King James Version (KJV)
1:5 And from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first begotten from the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth - Three glorious appellations are here given him, and in their proper order. He was the faithful witness of the whole will of God before his death, and in death, and remains such in glory. He rose from the dead, as the first fruits of them that slept; and now hath all power both in heaven and earth. He is here styled a prince: but by and by he hears his title of king; yea, King of kings, and Lord of lords. This phrase, the kings of the earth, signifies their power and multitude, and also the nature of their kingdom. It became the Divine Majesty to call them kings with a limitation; especially in this manifesto from his heavenly kingdom; for no creature, much less a sinful man, can bear the title of king in an absolute sense before the eyes of God.
Re 1:5 And from Jesus Christ. Some of the glories of Christ, the third whose grace is invoked, are named. The faithful witness. Because all that he ways is faithful and true. The first begotten of the dead. See PNT "Col 1:18". Through Christ's resurrection from the dead life and immortality were brought to light for us all. Hence he is called the "first born". The prince of the kings of the earth. The rightful ruler of all the rulers of the earth. Unto him that loved us. The tense is present, as in the Revised Version: "Unto him that loveth us". His love never ceases. And washed us from our sins in his own blood. Rather, as in the Revised Version, "loosed us". This was done by the shedding of his blood.