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1 (To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves.) My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.

3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.

4 And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

5 Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.

6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.

7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

9 Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.

10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;

11 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.

12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.

13 The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.

14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.

15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.

16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.

17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.

Commentary for Psalms 45

This psalm is a prophecy of Messiah the Prince, and points to him as a Bridegroom espousing the church to himself, and as a King ruling in it, and for it.

1-5 The psalmist's tongue was guided by the Spirit of God, as the pen is by the hand of a ready writer. This psalm is touching the King Jesus, his kingdom and government. It is a shame that this good matter is not more the subject of our discourse. There is more in Christ to engage our love, than there is or can be in any creature. This world and its charms are ready to draw away our hearts from Christ; therefore we are concerned to understand how much more worthy he is of our love. By his word, his promise, his gospel, the good will of God is made known to us, and the good work of God is begun and carried on in us. The psalmist, ver. #3-5|, joyfully foretells the progress and success of the Messiah. The arrows of conviction are very terrible in the hearts of sinners, till they are humbled and reconciled; but the arrows of vengeance will be more so to his enemies who refuse to submit. All who have seen his glory and tasted his grace, rejoice to see him, by his word and Spirit, bring enemies and strangers under his dominion.

6-9 The throne of this almighty King is established for ever. While the Holy Spirit leads Christ's people to look to his cross, he teaches them to see the evil of sin and the beauty of holiness; so that none of them can feel encouragement to continue in sin. The Mediator is God, else he had been neither able to do the Mediator's work, nor fit to wear the Mediator's crown. God the Father, as his God in respect to his human nature and mediatorial offices, has given to him the Holy Spirit without measure. Thus anointed to be a Prophet, Priest, and King, Christ has pre-eminence in the gladdening gifts and graces of the spirit, and from his fulness communicates them to his brethren in human nature. The Spirit is called the oil of gladness, because of the delight wherewith Christ was filled, in carrying on his undertakings. The salvation of sinners is the joy of angels, much more of the Son. And in proportion as we are conformed to his holy image, we may expect the gladdening gifts influences of the Comforter. The excellences of the Messiah, the suitableness of his offices, and the sufficiency of his grace, seem to be intended by the fragrance of his garments. The church formed of true believers, is here compared to the queen, whom, by an everlasting covenant, the Lord Jesus has betrothed to himself. This is the bride, the Lamb's wife, whose graces are compared to fine linen, for their purity; to gold, for their costliness: for as we owe our redemption, so we owe our adorning, to the precious blood of the Son of God.

10-17 If we desire to share these blessings, we must hearken to Christ's word. We must forget our carnal and sinful attachments and pursuits. He must be our Lord as well as our Saviour; all idols must be thrown away, that we may give him our whole heart. And here is good encouragement, thus to break off from former alliances. The beauty of holiness, both on the church and on particular believers, is, in the sight of Christ, of great price, and very amiable. The work of grace is the workmanship of the Spirit, it is the image of Christ upon the soul, a partaking of the Divine nature. It is clear of all sin, there is none in it, nor any comes from it. There is nothing glorious in the old man or corrupt nature; but in the new man, or work of grace upon the soul, every thing is glorious. The robe of Christ's righteousness, which he has wrought out for his church, the Father imputes unto her, and bestows upon her. None are brought to Christ, but those whom the Father brings. This notes the conversion of souls to him. The robe of righteousness, and garments of salvation, the change of raiment Christ has put upon her. Such as strictly cleave to Christ, loving him in singleness of heart, are companions of the bride, who partake of the very same grace, enjoy the same privileges, and share in one common salvation. These, every one, shall be brought to the King; not one lost or left behind. Instead of the Old Testament church, there shall be a New Testament church, a Gentile church. In the believing hope of our everlasting happiness in the other world, let us always keep up the remembrance of Christ, as our only way thither; and transmit the remembrance of him to succeeding generations, that his name may endure for ever.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Psalms 45

  • A disciple
    "My heart is inditing (GUSHING FORTH) a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the KING: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer." It is important to note, that the enemies are NOTHING to be afraid of: look how Jesus is going to deal with them! In a moment, all their terribleness will be answered with the sharp arrows of God in their hearts, and they will be GONE! HALLELUJAH!
  • A disciple
    "To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves." Upon trumpets, for the Doorkeepers of the House of the LORD, for instruction, A SONG OF LOVES. And with the Appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ in all His beauty and glory; FIRST that shall be done is the complete removal of all enemies of God from out of His kingdom; and the Dominion given to the Saints.
  • Leslie Brown
    The flesh is weak and the devil is here to kill steal and destroy. That is when God word is very important in our lives. We must seek his word each and every day in order to stay strong and prosperity. He will never leave or forsake us but we must do our part and read and apply His word. Trust in the Lord and lean not to your own understanding and He will direct your path through the Holy Spirit
  • Wanda Payne
    Regardless of what we think of God's Word, it is true any. It is the only source that we can go to to find out what is really going on on this planet and in our lives. Things that we need to know are being hidden from us every day by the enemy through people, situations,etc. The Word of God lets us know that He loves us but requires our obedience to Him as well. I have found this out the hard way.
  • Irene123
    To ese okposio - ".....anointed with the oil of gladness above thy 'fellows'." This is a prophesy of the coming messiah, Jesus. His 'fellows' are all flesh men of earth; Jesus is sinless, they are not. Jesus is anointed to be our savior, as no one else could be because of sin. His 'fellows' are Jesus peers during His lifetime. Tis PROPHECY to come; not about Jesus in heaven, cont.
  • Jacob schmidt
    isn`t the word of god wonderful...and by reading the word of god you shall be blessed even if you don`t understand it...because the word of god shall not return void...thank you jesus i love you so so much...so i`m going to do for you above and beyond all that i can imagine or think not because of who i am but because of who you are. .oh lord your so so good. shalom.
  • Zina
    I love this part of the bible. It speaks to me because I am always whaling and ganashing of teeth for my sins my soul cry's out daily. But i never forget that through all of it he has always brought me through it all. I love him with all I am.
  • Omoloyin Williams for verse 13
    True beauty is within not without, for a beautiful life is more than mere outward decorations. So, being glorious within talks of inward purity which a child of God should possess.

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Bible Trivia

In Psalm 45, the king has been anointed with blessings above other men, because he loves what?
  • Frugality
  • Courage
  • Righteousness
  • Courtesy
  • Skillfulness